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Science, Scientists, and the History of Science in India (1966–94)

Dhruv Raina

in Images and Contexts: The Historiography of Science and Modernity in India

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198068808
eISBN:
9780199080113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198068808.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter reviews a genre of the history of science appearing in the Indian Journal of History of Science that strictly observes the internal-external divide. One of the elements of this review is ... More


Historical epistemology and the making of modern Chinese medicine

Howard Chiang

in Historical epistemology and the making of modern Chinese medicine

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719096006
eISBN:
9781781708460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096006.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter introduces the volume by situating historical epistemology in its proper intellectual and cultural genealogy (from the late nineteenth century to the present), by arguing for the ... More


: from physician to neurologist

Stephen T. Casper

in The neurologists: A history of a medical specialty in modern Britain, c.17892000

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780719091926
eISBN:
9781781706992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719091926.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Why, despite often-alleged origins in antiquity, did neurology in Britain endeavour for so long to become a formally recognised specialty within general medicine? To answer this question, this ... More


Calico connections: science, manufacture and culture in mid-nineteenth-century Manchester

Janet Wolff

in Culture in Manchester: Institutions and urban change since 1850

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780719090387
eISBN:
9781781707128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719090387.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

Janet Wolff’s essay investigates the role played by cotton manufacturers, particularly calico printers, in the rise of art education and the development of chemistry in Britain in the mid-to-late ... More


“Tidology”

in Tides of History: Ocean Science and Her Majesty's Navy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226709321
eISBN:
9780226709338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226709338.003.0005
Subject:
History, Environmental History

In the early 1830s John William Lubbock, while contributing to the tide tables published for the London docks, also introduced William Whewell, his former tutor at Trinity College, Cambridge, to the ... More


Reforming food in post-Famine Ireland: Medicine, science and improvement, 18451922

Ian Miller

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780719088865
eISBN:
9781781706909
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088865.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Reforming food in post-Famine Ireland: Medicine, science and improvement, 1845-1922 is the first dedicated study of how and why Irish eating habits dramatically transformed between the Famine and ... More


Sex Itself

Sarah S. Richardson

in Sex Itself: The Search for Male and Female in the Human Genome

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226084688
eISBN:
9780226084718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226084718.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter situates the sex chromosomes within the history of twentieth century theories of sex, gender, and sexuality. The author shows how the X and Y chromosomes, thought of as “sex itself,” ... More


A New History of the Humanities: The Search for Principles and Patterns from Antiquity to the Present

Rens Bod

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199665211
eISBN:
9780191757471
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665211.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This book offers the first overarching history of the humanities from Antiquity to the present. Unlike the sciences and the social sciences, the humanities lack a general history. There are already ... More


Revenge of the Magicians

Jason Ā. Josephson-Storm

in The Myth of Disenchantment: Magic, Modernity, and the Birth of the Human Sciences

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226403229
eISBN:
9780226403533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226403533.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter takes as its starting point various figures—from Giordano Bruno to Isaac Newton—who have been blamed for the rise of instrumental reason and the disenchantment of nature, and it ... More


Reforming food production: agricultural science and education

Ian Miller

in Reforming food in post-Famine Ireland: Medicine, science and improvement, 18451922

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780719088865
eISBN:
9781781706909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088865.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The immediate post-Famine period was marked by profound optimism about the potential of Irish agricultural development. For some improvers, agricultural practice offered a fertile ground upon which ... More


The neurologists: A history of a medical specialty in modern Britain, c.17892000

Stephen T. Casper

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780719091926
eISBN:
9781781706992
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719091926.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Since the 1990s, the English-speaking world has seen the rise of a neuroculture derived from neurology and neuroscience. The Neurologists is a book that asks how did we arrive at this moment? What is ... More


Introduction

Henning Schmidgen

in The Helmholtz Curves: Tracing Lost Time

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780823261949
eISBN:
9780823266463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823261949.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Drawing in the example of physiology, the introduction argues in favour of combining approaches from the history science with conceptual tools derived from media studies. In the wake of Gilles ... More


The Ploy of Instinct: Victorian Sciences of Nature and Sexuality in Liberal Governance

Kathleen Frederickson

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780823262519
eISBN:
9780823266395
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823262519.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

It is paradoxical that instinct became a central term for late Victorian sexual sciences as they were elaborated in the medicalized spaces of confession and introspection, given that instinct had ... More


The chemistry of famine: nutritional discourse and dietary transformation

Ian Miller

in Reforming food in post-Famine Ireland: Medicine, science and improvement, 18451922

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780719088865
eISBN:
9781781706909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088865.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter explores scientific interest in the Irish potato diet in pre-Famine Ireland and how scientific ideas were used in broader debates on Irish dietary conditions and national dietary reform. ... More


Ambivalent Astronomers and the Embrace of Hubble Images

Elizabeth A. Kessler

in Picturing the Cosmos: Hubble Space Telescope Images and the Astronomical Sublime

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816679560
eISBN:
9781452947914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816679560.003.0003
Subject:
Art, Photography

The second chapter explores the sometimes ambivalent of attitudes of astronomers toward visual representations as it tells the history of the Hubble Space Telescope from its earliest planning stages ... More


From Unknown Frontiers to Familiar Places

Elizabeth A. Kessler

in Picturing the Cosmos: Hubble Space Telescope Images and the Astronomical Sublime

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816679560
eISBN:
9781452947914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816679560.003.0005
Subject:
Art, Photography

The fourth chapter takes up how and why the Western landscape serves as such a compelling model for the Hubble images, considering the historical, metaphoric, and phenomenological implications of the ... More


South Atlantic Crossings: Fingerprints, Science, and the State in Turn-of-the-Twentieth-Century Argentina

Julia Rodriguez

in Beyond Imported Magic: Essays on Science, Technology, and Society in Latin America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027458
eISBN:
9780262325509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027458.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Rodriguez details the historical development of the science of fingerprinting. The system for forensically filing and categorizing fingerprints to allow their easy retrieval for use in criminal cases ... More


The integrative legacy of contemporary specialists in neurology

Stephen T. Casper

in The neurologists: A history of a medical specialty in modern Britain, c.17892000

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780719091926
eISBN:
9781781706992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719091926.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Who were the neurologists? Were there any noteworthy developments in their work in the post-1960s? Were they able to maintain their integrative identity with the rise of specialised medicine? Did the ... More


The Astronomical Sublime and the American West

Elizabeth A. Kessler

in Picturing the Cosmos: Hubble Space Telescope Images and the Astronomical Sublime

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816679560
eISBN:
9781452947914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816679560.003.0002
Subject:
Art, Photography

The first chapter explores the visual parallels between the Hubble images and nineteenth-century views of the American West by artists. Through these visual allusions, Hubble images evoke not only a ... More


Introduction

Ian Miller

in Reforming food in post-Famine Ireland: Medicine, science and improvement, 18451922

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780719088865
eISBN:
9781781706909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088865.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The introduction provides an overview of the monograph, introducing key themes such as the complex relationship between post-Famine Ireland and Britain, the development of socially active medical and ... More


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