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The History of Personalized Medicine

Edward Abrahams and Mike Silver

in Integrative Neuroscience and Personalized Medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195393804
eISBN:
9780199863495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393804.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter examines the historical path that has led to personalized medicine as we know it today, in the hope of gaining a better perspective on where it will take us in the not-too-distant ... More


Climate, fever, and medicine before 1700

Mark Harrison

in Medicine in an age of Commerce and Empire: Britain and its Tropical Colonies 1660-1830

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577736
eISBN:
9780191595196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577736.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The first chapter of Part I begins by taking stock of European theories of fever, and of the importance of the work of the Hippocratic revival, particularly as reflected in the work of Sydenham, ... More


Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Stanley Finger

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This volume presents a series of vibrant profiles that trace the evolution of our knowledge about the brain. Beginning almost 5,000 years ago, with the ancient Egyptian study of “the marrow of the ... More


Hippocrates: The Brain as the Organ of Mind

Stanley Finger

in Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

In order to understand the Hippocratic revolution in medicine and how it led to the perception of the brain as the ruling member of the body, we must think of ancient Greece at three different but ... More


The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology

C.U.M. Smith, Eugenio Frixione, Stanley Finger, and William Clower

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199766499
eISBN:
9780199950263
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766499.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This book examines the history of Western attempts to explain how messages might be sent from the sense organs to the brain and from the brain to the muscles. It focuses on a construct called animal ... More


Galen on the Seat of the Intellect: Anatomical Experiment and Philosophical Tradition

Teun Tieleman

in Science and Mathematics in Ancient Greek Culture

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198152484
eISBN:
9780191710049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152484.003.0015
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Galen's vivisection experiments concerned with the nervous system may rank among the most sophisticated known from ancient sources. Galen appears to inaugurate a new era in medicine, and anatomy in ... More


Health in the Balance: Early Theories About Patterns of Disease Occurrence

Nancy Krieger

in Epidemiology and the People’s Health: Theory and Context

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195383874
eISBN:
9780199893607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383874.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Curiosity about the causes and occurrence of disease is not unique to epidemiologists. After all, who wouldn’t be interested in knowing about how to live a healthy life?—or to predict and ward off ... More


The Concept of Environment

Mervyn Susser and Zena Stein

in Eras in Epidemiology: The Evolution of Ideas

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300666
eISBN:
9780199863754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300666.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter shows that a clear initial conception of the variables to be involved is critical to construct an effective epidemiological study. In the most general sense, this has been an essential ... More


Earth, Air, Fire, and Water

Nicholas Mee

in Celestial Tapestry: The Warp and Weft of Art and Mathematics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198851950
eISBN:
9780191886690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851950.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The idea that matter is composed of four fundamental elements—Earth, Air, Fire, and Water—dates back to the Greek philosopher Empedocles. This idea was enormously influential. It was adapted to ... More


Extremes and Perplexities of Appetite in Clinical Medicine

Elizabeth A. Williams

in Appetite and Its Discontents: Science, Medicine, and the Urge to Eat, 1750-1950

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226692999
eISBN:
9780226693187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226693187.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 6 explores medical approaches to appetite from 1800 to 1850, the “golden age” of physiology. Many physicians were hostile to physiology in its experimental form, especially vitalists who ... More


Climactic Harmonies: Bodin

Robert Launay

in Savages, Romans, and Despots: Thinking about Others from Montaigne to Herder

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226575254
eISBN:
9780226575421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226575421.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

Sixteenth century historians and jurists in France elaborated a position of legal relativism as a means of asserting independence from canons of Roman law and the domination of the Roman Catholic ... More


On the body and sexuality

Pierre Brulé and Antonia Nevill

in Women of Ancient Greece

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748616435
eISBN:
9780748651023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748616435.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

If the quest for the rational defines Greek biology and medicine as ventures in the ‘scientification’ of knowledge, what we read remains most often ‘unscientific’. We see in operation less a ... More


Asthma, Allergy, and Air Pollution

Inge F. Goldstein and Martin Goldstein

in How Much Risk?: A Guide to Understanding Environmental Health Hazards

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195139945
eISBN:
9780197565476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195139945.003.0014
Subject:
Environmental Science, Social Impact of Environmental Issues

One night in early October 1997, Felipe G., a nine-year-old child of Dominican immigrants to New York City living in East Harlem, woke up struggling for breath. Felipe ... More


Weeping and Bad Hair: The Bodily Suffering of Early Christian Hell as a Threat to Masculinity

Meghan Henning

in Phallacies: Historical Intersections of Disability and Masculinity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780190458997
eISBN:
9780190459024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190458997.003.0014
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter draws upon the conceptions of gendered bodily suffering found in the ancient medical corpus (Hippocrates, Galen and inscriptions), martyrdom literature, and the Roman judicial rhetoric ... More


Cos

Clyde E. Fant and Mitchell G. Reddish

in A Guide to Biblical Sites in Greece and Turkey

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195139174
eISBN:
9780197561706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195139174.003.0014
Subject:
Archaeology, Biblical Archaeology

Cos, home of Hippocrates, the father of modern medicine, is the third largest island of the Dodecanese (Twelve Islands). In antiquity its population was ... More


Climate and Culture in Enlightenment Thought

James R. Fleming

in Title Pages

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195078701
eISBN:
9780197560365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195078701.003.0006
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

The debate over climate change, both from natural causes and human activity, is not new. Although the Baron C.-L. de Montesquieu is undoubtedly the best known ... More


Anti-Inflammatory Drugs

Jie Jack Li

in Laughing Gas, Viagra, and Lipitor: The Human Stories Behind the Drugs We Use

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195300994
eISBN:
9780197562390
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195300994.003.0013
Subject:
Chemistry, Medicinal Chemistry

Inflammation and immunity, like all other normal reactions of the body, are meant to preserve or restore health. They can nonetheless cause a range of uncomfortable ... More


A Different Kind of Nervous Breakdown—Melancholia

Edward Shorter

in How Everyone Became Depressed: The Rise and Fall of the Nervous Breakdown

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199948086
eISBN:
9780197563304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199948086.003.0009
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Feelings of low mood are not trivial. In 2010 the National Center for Health Statistics of the Department of Health and Human Services asked a random sample of the ... More


The Body of Western Embodiment: Classical Antiquity and the Early History of a Problem

Brooke Holmes

in Embodiment: A History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190490447
eISBN:
9780190490478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190490447.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Much of western philosophy, especially ancient Greek philosophy, addresses the problems posed by embodiment. This chapter argues that to grasp the early history of embodiment is to see the category ... More


Historic Decentering of the Modern Discourse of Climate Change: The Long View from the Vedic Sagesto Montesquieu

Michael R. Dove

in Climate Cultures: Anthropological Perspectives on Climate Change

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300198812
eISBN:
9780300213577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300198812.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter places contemporary climate change discourse within a context of millennia of human experience with and thinking about the climate. Dove examines five canonical historic texts–works by ... More


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