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The Anatomy of the Myth

William T. Cavanaugh

in The Myth of Religious Violence: Secular Ideology and the Roots of Modern Conflict

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385045
eISBN:
9780199869763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385045.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, World Religions

This chapter examines arguments from nine of the most prominent academic proponents of the idea that religion is peculiarly prone to violence: John Hick, Charles Kimball, Richard Wentz, Martin Marty, ... More


John Hick on Incarnation and Trinity

Stephen T. Davis

in The Trinity: An Interdisciplinary Symposium on the Trinity

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246120
eISBN:
9780191600531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246122.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Stephen Davis criticizes John Hick's recent arguments against orthodox views of the incarnation and the Trinity. He outlines and answers Hick's specific objections to such views, as well as his ... More


Fearful Symmetry: Theodicy and Cosmic Harmony

Philip Tallon

in The Poetics of Evil: Toward an Aesthetic Theodicy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199778935
eISBN:
9780199919109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778935.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Using the methodology for aesthetic theodicy laid out in previous chapters, this chapter begins to examine the predominant “aesthetic theme” (or aesthetic motif) within medieval theodicy: cosmic ... More


Pluralism

Robert McKim

in On Religious Diversity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199774029
eISBN:
9780199932610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199774029.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The main focus in this chapter is on the claim that a number of religions do equally well in terms of truth, though there is also some attention to pluralism about salvation, or salvific pluralism, ... More


A Second Christianity?

Murray A. Rae

in Kierkegaard's Vision of the Incarnation: By Faith Transformed

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269403
eISBN:
9780191683633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269403.003.0016
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter discusses the different viewpoints introduced by theologians of the twentieth century who had increasingly become hostile to the traditional content of Christian faith. The work of John ... More


Kaufman and Hick

Alvin Plantinga

in Warranted Christian Belief

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195131932
eISBN:
9780199867486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195131932.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Many contemporary theologians hold that there are profound problems in the very idea that we can refer to and think about a being characterized in the way Christians characterize God; in this ... More


Why Can’t We All Just Get Along With Each Other?

Nicholas Wolterstorff and Terence Cuneo

in Understanding Liberal Democracy: Essays in Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199558957
eISBN:
9780191744808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558957.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

It is often said or assumed that the presence of religion in our society necessarily harbors within itself the threat of coercion and violence. Religion, though it may talk and dream of peace, is a ... More


The Rise, Fall, and Resurrection of Natural Theology

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 2 offers a structured synopsis of the history of natural theology from Xenophanes to Richard Swinburne. It is argued, for example, that the Five Ways of Thomas Aquinas are outdated, and that ... More


The Many Gods of Hick and Mavrodes

William Hasker and Hick John

in Evidence and Religious Belief

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603718
eISBN:
9780191729287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603718.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Religion

George Mavrodes has argued, on the basis of John Hick’s An Interpretation of Religion, that Hick is ‘probably the most important philosophical defender of polytheism in the history of Western ... More


James and Pascal

Robert J. O'Connell

in William James on the Courage to Believe

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780823217274
eISBN:
9780823284962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823217274.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter focuses on William James' relationship to Blaise Pascal. One of the fiercest critics of James' contentions has gotten considerable mileage out of viewing his lecture through the lens ... More


Is It “Wishful Thinking”?

Robert J. O'Connell

in William James on the Courage to Believe

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780823217274
eISBN:
9780823284962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823217274.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter looks at how William James seemingly provided mankind with neither more nor less than a reckless license for “wishful thinking.” It examines both the grounds that have been offered for ... More


Infinite Paths to Infinite Reality: Sri Ramakrishna and Cross-Cultural Philosophy of Religion

Ayon Maharaj

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780190868239
eISBN:
9780190868260
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190868239.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Sri Ramakrishna is widely known as a nineteenth-century Indian mystic who affirmed the harmony of all religions on the basis of his richly varied spiritual experiences and eclectic religious ... More


The Hot Indignation of God: Providence, Saving History, and Theodicy

Christopher Z. Hobson

in The Mount of Vision: African American Prophetic Tradition, 1800-1950

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199895861
eISBN:
9780199980109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199895861.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

African American prophetic thinkers shared ideas that God providentially intended freedom and guided history toward justice. These beliefs raise the issue of suffering’s place in God’s purposes ... More


A Critique of the Definitions of and Tests for Economic Efficiency That Economists and Law and Economics Scholars Use

Richard S. Markovits

in Truth or Economics: On the Definition, Prediction, and Relevance of Economic Efficiency

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300114591
eISBN:
9780300145229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300114591.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter presents a critique of the definitions of and tests for economic efficiency that economists and law and economics scholars use. Economists and law and economics scholars use one or more ... More


Like a Dog’s Curly Tail: Finding Perfection in a World of Imperfection: A Hindu Theodicy in the Tradition of Sri Ramakrishna

Jeffery D. Long

in Comparing Faithfully: Insights for Systematic Theological Reflection

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780823274666
eISBN:
9780823274710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823274666.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Jeffery Long, a Hindu theologian, explores the problem of evil as it is raised and addressed by thinkers in the Ramakrishna Vedanta tradition of Hinduism and by two separate schools of thought from ... More


Creation and the Transcategorial Phenomenal

David Cheetham

in Creation and Religious Pluralism

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198856665
eISBN:
9780191889844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198856665.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter considers the concept of ineffability. Has this concept been monopolized by pluralists who use it to provide an object that is sufficiently mystical and unfathomable to accommodate ... More


Applying the Analogies: Causing for Pure Benefits

Vince R. Vitale

in Non-Identity Theodicy: A Grace-Based Response to the Problem of Evil

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198864226
eISBN:
9780191896392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198864226.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Using an ethical framework constructed out of the two variables of whether an agent causes, permits, or risks horrendous evils, and whether she does so in order to bestow pure benefit or in order to ... More


The White House

Emily Herring Wilson

in The Three Graces: Eleanor Roosevelt and Her Friends

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781469635835
eISBN:
9781469635859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635835.003.0013
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

FDR's election was daunting to Eleanor, who feared giving up her newly acquired independence. Marion and Nancy helped moved her personal belongings into the White House, as they had helped move her ... More


Salvation and Conversion

Gerald R. McDermott and Harold A. Netland

in A Trinitarian Theology of Religions: An Evangelical Proposal

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199751839
eISBN:
9780199376605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751839.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Drawing on the Bible, Christians traditionally have insisted that salvation is found only in Jesus Christ and that all people, including sincere followers of other religious ways, must repent of sin ... More


Conceiving Heaven as a Dynamic Rather than Static Existence

Eric J. Silverman

in Paradise Understood: New Philosophical Essays about Heaven

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198794301
eISBN:
9780191835810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198794301.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter investigates two broad ways an account of heaven can be structured: static and dynamic. The static view of the afterlife portrays heaven as a perfect or timeless unchanging existence. ... More


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