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Human Decision Making and Heuristics of Judgment

Delia Baldassarri

in The Simple Art of Voting: The Cognitive Shortcuts of Italian Voters

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199828241
eISBN:
9780199979783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199828241.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Chapter 2 introduces the conceptual developments of the research on human decision making, an important instrument for understanding how individuals make choices in complex situations characterized ... More


The Heuristics of Italian Voters

Delia Baldassarri

in The Simple Art of Voting: The Cognitive Shortcuts of Italian Voters

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199828241
eISBN:
9780199979783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199828241.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Chapter 4 enters directly into the heart of the book. First, it provides a summary of the theoretical framework and outlines our major research hypotheses. Second, it describes the Italian political ... More


The Quest for the Portents of the Hour

Bronislav Ostřanský

in The Jihadist Preachers of the End Times: ISIS Apocalyptic Propaganda

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474439237
eISBN:
9781474476805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474439237.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter introduces in general terms the phenomenon of Islamic apocalyptic thought within the spiritual framework of Muslim theology and eschatology (with a focus on its Sunni element). In ... More


Formal Analyses and Critical Thinking

John Levitt, Richard Holman, Rena Levitt, and Eric Bonabeau

in Building the Intentional University: Minerva and the Future of Higher Education

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262037150
eISBN:
9780262343695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037150.003.0006
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

What treatments should be used for prostate cancer? How likely are people to vote Democratic or Republican in the next U.S. presidential election? How should scarce resources be deployed to help feed ... More


The Collapse of Cold War Rationality

Paul Erickson, Judy L. Klein, Lorraine Daston, Paul Rebecca, Thomas Sturm, and Michael D. Gordin

in How Reason Almost Lost Its Mind: The Strange Career of Cold War Rationality

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226046631
eISBN:
9780226046778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226046778.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

From the 1970s well into the 1990s, psychological research on human rationality was dominated by the so-called heuristics-and-biases approach as developed by Daniel Kahneman, Amos Tversky, and ... More


Group Interests, Individual Attitudes: How Group Memberships Shape Attitudes Towards the Welfare State

Michael J. Donnelly

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780192896209
eISBN:
9780191918681
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192896209.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Political Economy

What drives support for or opposition to redistributive taxation and spending? Why is ethnic diversity associated with inequality and a lack of redistribution? This book argues that many individuals, ... More


Heuristics uncovered for Games User Researchers and game designers

Heather Desurvire and Dennis Wixon

in Games User Research

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198794844
eISBN:
9780191836336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794844.003.0014
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy, Computational Mathematics / Optimization

This paper presents a set of heuristics (PLAY and GAP) for game design and discusses the history of heuristics for games, describes the use of these heuristics, summarizes research demonstrating ... More


Heuristic evaluation of playability: Examples from social games research and free-to-play heuristics

Janne Paavilainen, Hannu Korhonen, Elina Koskinen, and Kati Alha

in Games User Research

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198794844
eISBN:
9780191836336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794844.003.0015
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy, Computational Mathematics / Optimization

The fierce competition in the video games market and new revenue models such as free-to-play emphasize the importance of good playability for first-time user experience and retention. Cost-effective ... More


Algol Genes

Subrata Dasgupta

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190843861
eISBN:
9780197559826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190843861.003.0005
Subject:
Computer Science, History of Computer Science

In 1969 a “Report on the Algorithmic Language ALGOL 68” was published in the journal Numerische Mathematik. The authors of the report were also its designers, all academic computer scientists, ... More


In The Name Of Architecture

Subrata Dasgupta

in The Second Age of Computer Science: From Algol Genes to Neural Nets

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190843861
eISBN:
9780197559826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190843861.003.0007
Subject:
Computer Science, History of Computer Science

When Caxton Foster of the University of Massachusetts published his book Computer Architecture in 1970, this term was only just being recognized, reluctantly, by the computing community. This ... More


Very Formal Affairs

Subrata Dasgupta

in The Second Age of Computer Science: From Algol Genes to Neural Nets

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190843861
eISBN:
9780197559826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190843861.003.0009
Subject:
Computer Science, History of Computer Science

If social and behavioral scientists have harbored “physics envy” as some have wryly claimed—envy of its explanatory and predictive success— then computer scientists may be said to have suffered ... More


Attributes of Creativity

Steven Kim

in Essence of Creativity: A Guide to Tackling Difficult Problems

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195060171
eISBN:
9780197560136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195060171.003.0005
Subject:
Computer Science, Human-Computer Interaction

As discussed in the previous chapter, the term problem is used in a general sense to refer to any task that requires resolution. These tasks may range from solving a mathematical problem to ... More


Managing the Project

Steven Kim

in Essence of Creativity: A Guide to Tackling Difficult Problems

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195060171
eISBN:
9780197560136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195060171.003.0009
Subject:
Computer Science, Human-Computer Interaction

How does one approach a large, difficult problem? By definition the solution to the problem is ill-defined, and the path to the solution is even more obscure. The poor definition of the problem ... More


The Adaptivity of Multiplicity

Robert S. Siegler

in Emerging Minds: The Process of Change in Children’s Thinking

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195077872
eISBN:
9780197561379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195077872.003.0008
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

By itself, cognitive variability would be an interesting curio, but no more. What makes it important is the potential it offers for adapting to task and situational demands. Realizing this ... More


Formal Models of Strategy Choice

Robert S. Siegler

in Emerging Minds: The Process of Change in Children’s Thinking

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195077872
eISBN:
9780197561379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195077872.003.0009
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

Pittsburgh has many beautiful old houses, most of which have thick plaster walls. The walls are good in the sense that they effectively reduce noise coming from other rooms, but bad in the sense ... More


Introduction: Gerald Hickey and the Dangers Inherent

Montgomery McFate

in Military Anthropology: Soldiers, Scholars and Subjects at the Margins of Empire

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190680176
eISBN:
9780190943059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190680176.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter begins by describing Gerald Hickey’s experience in Vietnam working with the US military, especially his frustration that Americans imposed their own cultural frames on what they ... More


Group Memberships and Political Attitudes

Michael J. Donnelly

in Group Interests, Individual Attitudes: How Group Memberships Shape Attitudes Towards the Welfare State

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780192896209
eISBN:
9780191918681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192896209.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Political Economy

In this chapter, I discuss how regional and ethnic inequality shape attitudes toward redistribution. I argue that previous analyses have not adequately explained how people think about their own ... More


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