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The Evolutionary Ecology of Movement

Hugh Dingle and Marcel Holyoak

in Evolutionary Ecology: Concepts and Case Studies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195131543
eISBN:
9780197561461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195131543.003.0025
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Organisms move, and their movement can take place by walking, swimming, or flying; via transport by another organism (phoresy); or by a vehicle such as wind or current (Dingle 1996). The functions ... More


Evolutionary Conservation Biology

Philip W. Hedrick

in Evolutionary Ecology: Concepts and Case Studies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195131543
eISBN:
9780197561461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195131543.003.0036
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Conservation biology as a discipline focused on endangered species is young and dates only from the late 1970s. Although conservation of endangered species encompasses many different biological ... More


Genetic Variation

Áki J. Láruson and Floyd A. Reed

in Population Genetics with R: An Introduction for Life Scientists

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780198829539
eISBN:
9780191868092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829539.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

An introduction to randomness and the neutral theory of molecular evolution and how it contributes to levels of genetic diversity in populations. The estimation of random shifts in allele frequencies ... More


Host–parasite genetics

Paul Schmid-Hempel

in Evolutionary Parasitology: The Integrated Study of Infections, Immunology, Ecology, and Genetics

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780198832140
eISBN:
9780191870873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198832140.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Genetics affects host–parasite interactions in various ways, e.g. by additive genetic variance and epistasis. Various models, such as gene-for-gene or matching alleles, describe the interactions. ... More


Parasites, immunity, and sexual selection

Paul Schmid-Hempel

in Evolutionary Parasitology: The Integrated Study of Infections, Immunology, Ecology, and Genetics

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780198832140
eISBN:
9780191870873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198832140.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The sexes (male, female) differ in parasite load and immune defences. In general, males are more frequently infected and often have lower defences. The differences are one consequence of sexual ... More


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