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Introduction

Edouard Machery

in Doing without Concepts

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195306880
eISBN:
9780199867950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306880.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The Introduction discusses the purpose of the book, which is to attempt to rejuvenate the philosophy of concepts by steering it toward a new course. The book argues, the Introduction explains, that ... More


Categorization and Concept Learning

Edouard Machery

in Doing without Concepts

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195306880
eISBN:
9780199867950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306880.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines the empirical evidence showing that prototypes, exemplars, and theories exist and that they are used in distinct cognitive processes. It focuses on the vast psychological ... More


Realm between Empires: The Second Dutch Atlantic, 1680-1815

Wim Klooster and Gert Oostindie

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781501705267
eISBN:
9781501719592
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501705267.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The Second Dutch Atlantic was a distinct era in Dutch colonial history, different both from the imperially-minded period from 1620 through 1680 and the years after 1815, in which the Dutch Atlantic ... More


General Model

Joel Slemrod and Christian Gillitzer

in Tax Systems

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262026727
eISBN:
9780262319003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026727.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter shows how formal optimal tax analysis models can be extended to cover all social costs and multiple tax instruments. The key insight is that, at an optimum, for all tax policy ... More


Final Thoughts

Jenni Ingram

in Patterns in Mathematics Classroom Interaction: A Conversation Analytic Approach

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780198869313
eISBN:
9780191905520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198869313.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Educational Mathematics

Mathematics classroom interactions are both intricate and complex. They are contingent upon the contexts in which they occur but can both open up and close down opportunities to do mathematics in ... More


Kırşehir Kinships

Michael Pifer

in Kindred Voices: A Literary History of Medieval Anatolia

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9780300250398
eISBN:
9780300258653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300250398.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This trek across the soundscapes of Rum culminates in the city of Kırşehir, where Sultan Valad’s followers attempted to spread the teachings of their master. Here one finds Gülşehri and Aşık Paşa, ... More


Epilogue: Poetry from the Inside Out

Michael Pifer

in Kindred Voices: A Literary History of Medieval Anatolia

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9780300250398
eISBN:
9780300258653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300250398.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

The mixing of diverse peoples in premodern Anatolia gave rise to affinitive literary cultures, articulated by kindred voices—modes of composing and interpreting literature in a manner that remained ... More


Green African States and International Relations

Carl Death

in The Green State in Africa

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300215830
eISBN:
9780300224894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300215830.003.0007
Subject:
History, African History

Transnational and international relations are also crucial to the production of green state effects, and this chapter profiles a range of examples, from climate change diplomacy, to environmental aid ... More


Strategies of Containment and Their Aporia

Katsuya Hirano

in The Politics of Dialogic Imagination: Power and Popular Culture in Early Modern Japan

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226060422
eISBN:
9780226060736
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226060736.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

Chapter 1 explores the ideological and socioeconomic structures constructed by the founders of the Tokugawa government as the mechanism of rule capable of sustaining the newly unified polity after ... More


Firms in the International Economy: Firm Heterogeneity Meets International Business

Sjoerd Beugelsdijk, Steven Brakman, Hans van Ees, and Harry Garretsen (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019743
eISBN:
9780262314473
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019743.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

International Economics (IE) and International Business (IB) are usually treated as two separate disciplines. With the advent of new trade theory the firm was reintroduced in IE and the fields more ... More


Methodological Approaches to Modeling Criminal Trajectories

David M. Day and Margit Wiesner

in Criminal Trajectories: A Developmental Perspective

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781479880058
eISBN:
9781479888276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479880058.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Criminal offenders compose a heterogeneous population. Criminal trajectory research aims to capture this heterogeneity in terms of the frequency or severity of offending. This chapter describes the ... More


Findings on the Number and Shape of Criminal Trajectories

David M. Day and Margit Wiesner

in Criminal Trajectories: A Developmental Perspective

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781479880058
eISBN:
9781479888276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479880058.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter presents findings from select studies from the criminal trajectory literature to highlight the heterogeneity among offender populations and subpopulations, specifically female offenders ... More


Conclusion: The Favela, the Web, and the Census—A Disconcerting Reality

Licia do Prado Valladares

in The Invention of the Favela

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469649986
eISBN:
9781469650005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469649986.003.0005
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Chapter 4 concludes by pointing out the current way favelas are now seen, thanks to the three dogmas introduced in the previous chapter. Researchers through their census have seen that, contrary to ... More


Schizophrenia: Evolution and Synthesis

Steven M. Silverstein, Bita Moghaddam, and Til Wykes (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019620
eISBN:
9780262314602
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019620.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Despite major advances in methodology and thousands of published studies every year, treatment outcomes in schizophrenia have not improved over the last fifty years. Moreover, we still lack ... More


Schizophrenia: The Nature of the Problems and the Need for Evolution and Synthesis in Our Approaches

Steven M. Silverstein, Bita Moghaddam, and Til Wykes

in Schizophrenia: Evolution and Synthesis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019620
eISBN:
9780262314602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019620.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

What is schizophrenia? What are its causes? Can it be cured? Can it be prevented? These fundamental issues have confronted the field of schizophrenia research and treatment for over 100 years. Our ... More


What Kind of a Thing Is Schizophrenia?: Specific Causation and General Failure Modes

Angus W. MacDonald

in Schizophrenia: Evolution and Synthesis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019620
eISBN:
9780262314602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019620.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The status of schizophrenia as a disorder has been controversial since its original description by Kraepelin and Bleuler. This chapter critiques a prominent theory of schizophrenia espoused by Meehl ... More


How the Diagnosis of Schizophrenia Impeded the Advance of Knowledge (and What to Do About It)

William T. Carpenter

in Schizophrenia: Evolution and Synthesis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019620
eISBN:
9780262314602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019620.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Schizophrenia is best viewed as a clinical syndrome, without compelling evidence of a homogeneous disease. Most investigations over the past century, however, have been designed without addressing ... More


Which Aspects of Heterogeneity Are Useful to Translational Success?

Aiden Corvin, Robert W. Buchanan, William T. Carpenter, James L. Kennedy, Matcheri S. Keshavan, Angus W. MacDonald, Louis Sass, and Michéle Wessa

in Schizophrenia: Evolution and Synthesis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019620
eISBN:
9780262314602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019620.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Schizophrenia brings challenges of heterogeneity at multiple levels related to symptomatology, behavior, outcome, genetics, and pathophysiology. The clinical disorder may capture more than one ... More


Crisis Perceptions and Economic Voting Among the Rich and the Poor: The United Kingdom and Germany

Raymond M. Duch and Iñaki Sagarzazu

in Mass Politics in Tough Times: Opinions, Votes and Protest in the Great Recession

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199357505
eISBN:
9780199357536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199357505.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter leverages extensive survey data collected during the 2008-2010 period in order to understand whether individuals, from different economic circumstances and who might have been ... More


Voters on the Move or on the Run?

Bernhard Weßels, Hans Rattinger, Sigrid Roßteutscher, and Rüdiger Schmitt-Beck

in Voters on the Move or on the Run?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199662630
eISBN:
9780191756191
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662630.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This concluding chapter discusses the findings in the book against the background of the two dimensions of electoral change, namely heterogeneity and complexity. Results clearly show a structured ... More


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