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‘Tampering with the Expected Sequence’: Heterochrony and Sex Change in Orlando

Daniel Aureliano Newman

in Modernist Life Histories: Biological Theory and The Experimental Bildungsroman

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781474439619
eISBN:
9781474459716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474439619.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter reads the fantastical sex-change and longevity in Woolf’s Orlando in relation to contemporary experiments on the genetic and developmental determination of sex, notably the concept of ... More


Anachrony, Neoteny and the ‘Education of an Amphibian’ in Eyeless in Gaza

Daniel Aureliano Newman

in Modernist Life Histories: Biological Theory and The Experimental Bildungsroman

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781474439619
eISBN:
9781474459716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474439619.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter examines the only Bildungsroman written by Aldous Huxley, one of foremost modernist advocates of Bildung, and one of its most intimately linked with contemporary biology. Reviewers and ... More


The Heterochronic Past and Sidewise Historicity: T. S. Eliot, Pablo Picasso and Murray Leinster

Charles M. Tung

in Modernism and Time Machines

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781474431330
eISBN:
9781474465045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474431330.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

At the beginning of the twentieth century, primitivism and paleomodernism appeared to reflect primarily those conditions out of which both modernism and SF have been shown to emerge: evolutionary and ... More


Adaptive Evolution

Mary Jane West-Eberhard

in Developmental Plasticity and Evolution

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195122343
eISBN:
9780197561300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195122343.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

Adaptive evolution—phenotypic improvement due to selection—is the central theme of Darwinian evolutionary biology. The concept of adaptive evolution by ... More


Principles of Development and Evolution

Mary Jane West-Eberhard

in Developmental Plasticity and Evolution

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195122343
eISBN:
9780197561300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195122343.003.0012
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

So far, I have outlined the general properties of phenotypes, shown how they relate to development, and presented a model of adaptive evolution based on ... More


Quantitative Shifts and Correlated Change

Mary Jane West-Eberhard

in Developmental Plasticity and Evolution

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195122343
eISBN:
9780197561300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195122343.003.0022
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

Preceding chapters have discussed evolutionary transitions as changes in the expression of discrete, modular traits. This chapter discusses transitions that are due to shifts in the magnitude, ... More


Alternative Phenotypes as a Phase of Evolution

Mary Jane West-Eberhard

in Developmental Plasticity and Evolution

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195122343
eISBN:
9780197561300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195122343.003.0027
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

So far I have discussed two aspects of the origins of novel traits, their initiation and spread under selection (chapter 6), and their sources in ... More


Gradualism

Mary Jane West-Eberhard

in Developmental Plasticity and Evolution

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195122343
eISBN:
9780197561300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195122343.003.0032
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

Ever since Darwin, there has been a tension between selectionists and developmentalists over the question of gradualism versus saltation and selection ... More


Adaptive Radiation

Mary Jane West-Eberhard

in Developmental Plasticity and Evolution

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195122343
eISBN:
9780197561300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195122343.003.0036
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

Adaptive radiation is the simultaneous diversification of a lineage into numerous sublineages and specializations (Simpson, 1953a). All of the species of a ... More


Macroevolution

Mary Jane West-Eberhard

in Developmental Plasticity and Evolution

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195122343
eISBN:
9780197561300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195122343.003.0037
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

Macroevolution, or trans-specific evolution, refers to two different things in the literature on evolution. In discussions of phylogeny, it means ... More


Gaps and Inconsistencies in Modern Evolutionary Thought

Mary Jane West-Eberhard

in Developmental Plasticity and Evolution

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195122343
eISBN:
9780197561300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195122343.003.0006
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

One of the oldest unresolved controversies in evolutionary biology—and a source of many bitter arguments and failed revolutions—concerns the relation between nature and nurture in the evolution of ... More


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