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The French Factor in U.S. Foreign Policy during the Nixon-Pompidou Period

Marc Trachtenberg

in The Cold War and After: History, Theory, and the Logic of International Politics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152028
eISBN:
9781400842490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152028.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses relations between France and the United States under the Nixon administration. When Nixon took office as president in early 1969, he and his national security advisor Henry ... More


The Flawed Architect: Henry Kissinger and American Foreign Policy

Jussi M. Hanhimaki

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195172218
eISBN:
9780199849994
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172218.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Henry Kissinger dominated American foreign relations like no other figure in recent history. He negotiated an end to American involvement in the Vietnam War, opened relations with Communist China, ... More


“Worse Than in the Days of McCarthy”: Kissinger and the Marathon of 1976

Jussi Hanhimäki

in The Flawed Architect: Henry Kissinger and American Foreign Policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195172218
eISBN:
9780199849994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172218.003.0019
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Also known as the Halloween Massacre, on November 3, 1975, President Ford announced a number of changes within his cabinet which included Henry Kissinger's removal from his post as national security ... More


Secretary of State

Jussi Hanhimäki

in The Flawed Architect: Henry Kissinger and American Foreign Policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195172218
eISBN:
9780199849994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172218.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter highlights one of Henry Kissinger's achievements—to become the first Jewish non-native-born secretary of state of America. It illustrates the story of how Kissinger's appointment as the ... More


Nixon and Ford: Kissinger’s Caribbean Détente

William M. LeoGrande and Peter Kornbluh

in Back Channel To Cuba: The Hidden History of Negotiations between Washington and Havana

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469626604
eISBN:
9781469626628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469626604.003.0004
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter discusses the most serious effort to normalize relations between the United States and Cuba since Washington broke ties with Havana in January 1961. In 1974, Secretary of State Henry ... More


The Collapse of the Equilibrium Strategy

Johannes Kadura

in The War after the War: The Struggle for Credibility during America's Exit from Vietnam

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453960
eISBN:
9781501703799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453960.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on the failure of the U.S. equilibrium strategy—the idea of persuading Hanoi to refrain from any major assaults for an interval of years by employing positive and negative ... More


Vietnam in U.S.-Soviet Back Channels, November 1971–April 1972

Richard A. Moss

in Nixon's Back Channel to Moscow: Confidential Diplomacy and Détente

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780813167879
eISBN:
9780813167909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813167879.003.0006
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter examines the centrality of Vietnam in U.S.-Soviet back channels. By 1971, the White House had used a combination of private and public channels to convey to the Kremlin the deadlocked ... More


The Peace Candidate: Richard Nixon, Henry Kissinger, and the Election of 1972

Thomas Alan Schwartz

in US Presidential Elections and Foreign Policy: Candidates, Campaigns, and Global Politics from FDR to Bill Clinton

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780813169057
eISBN:
9780813177267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813169057.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

After the midterm elections of 1970, Richard Nixon believed that he might well be a one-term president. Deep dissatisfaction with the Vietnam War, as well domestic disorder and a sluggish economy, ... More


Ford and the Fall of Saigon

Johannes Kadura

in The War after the War: The Struggle for Credibility during America's Exit from Vietnam

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453960
eISBN:
9781501703799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453960.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter tells of how the newly appointed U.S. president, Gerald Rudolph Ford Jr., managed the escalating conflict between North and South Vietnam. Ford and National Security Adviser Henry ... More


Beyond Defeat in Indochina

Johannes Kadura

in The War after the War: The Struggle for Credibility during America's Exit from Vietnam

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453960
eISBN:
9781501703799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453960.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter narrates the responses of Pres. Gerald Rudolph Ford and National Security Adviser Henry Kissinger on Saigon's fall in the hands of North Vietnam. It also describes the effect of the ... More


Human Rights and Détente

Daniel J. Sargent

in A Superpower Transformed: The Remaking of American Foreign Relations in the 1970s

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780195395471
eISBN:
9780199393633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395471.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Political History

US foreign policy in the high Cold War was agnostic, if not indifferent, to the idea of human rights. The United States collaborated with authoritarian regimes and, under Nixon, built a cooperative ... More


Looking Outward

Ryan M. Irwin

in Gordian Knot: Apartheid and the Unmaking of the Liberal World Order

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199855612
eISBN:
9780199979882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199855612.003.0006
Subject:
History, Political History, World Modern History

Divided into three sections, this chapter explains how the apartheid debate changed during the late 1960s. The first section opens by looking at the murder of South African Prime Minister Hendrik ... More


Introduction

Thomas Robb

in A strained partnership?: US-UK relations in the era of detente, 196977

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780719091759
eISBN:
9781781706985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719091759.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter provides the introduction to the book and argues that existing interpretations of the US-UK relationship in the 1970s have emphasised conflict in the relationship to the degree that ... More


Managing Interdependence

Daniel J. Sargent

in A Superpower Transformed: The Remaking of American Foreign Relations in the 1970s

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780195395471
eISBN:
9780199393633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395471.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Political History

After the oil crisis, Henry Kissinger began to reorient US foreign policy toward the management of interdependent economic relations among the industrialized countries. While Kissinger remained ... More


Iran’s Secret War with Iraq: The CIA and the Shah-Forsaken Kurds

Roham Alvandi

in Nixon, Kissinger, and the Shah: The United States and Iran in the Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199375691
eISBN:
9780199375721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199375691.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Middle East History

Chapter abstract: In the first detailed history of the CIA’s covert operation in Iraqi Kurdistan from 1972 to 1975, this chapter examines how the shah used his partnership with Nixon and Kissinger to ... More


The Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty

Eric Grynaviski

in Constructive Illusions: Misperceiving the Origins of International Cooperation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452062
eISBN:
9780801454653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452062.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter compares imagined intersubjectivity to common knowledge in context of the Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty, arguing that imagined intersubjectivity led the United States and the ... More


Reconciliation with Necessity and the Race to the Summit, 1971–1972

James Cameron

in The Double Game: The Demise of America's First Missile Defense System and the Rise of Strategic Arms Limitation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190459925
eISBN:
9780190459956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190459925.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter agues that Nixon and Kissinger reconciled themselves to their weak hand during the final eighteen months of the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks. With negotiations on Vietnam dragging on ... More


Nixon and Ford: Kissinger's Caribbean Détente

William M. LeoGrande and Peter Kornbluh

in Back Channel to Cuba: The Hidden History of Negotiations between Washington and Havana

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469617633
eISBN:
9781469617657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469617633.003.0005
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter analyzes US-Cuban relations under the Nixon and Ford administrations. It details Henry Kissinger's efforts to initiate contact with Cuba; Nixon's hard line towards Cuba; and Ford's ... More


Attaining Primacy

William O. Walker III

in The Rise and Decline of the American Century

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501726132
eISBN:
9781501726149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501726132.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explores Richard Nixon’s and Henry Kissinger’s disdain for hegemony and search for primacy as they sought to refurbish America’s tarnished reputation. Through their pursuit of détente ... More


In Pursuit of Primacy

Daniel J. Sargent

in A Superpower Transformed: The Remaking of American Foreign Relations in the 1970s

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780195395471
eISBN:
9780199393633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395471.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Political History

Facing internal and external constraints, including fiscal crises and resurgent isolationism, the Nixon administration worked in its first term to stabilize America’s leading position in the ... More


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