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Establishment: The First Age of Parliamentary Politics, 1227–1258

J. R. Maddicott

in The Origins of the English Parliament, 924-1327

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199585502
eISBN:
9780191723148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585502.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, Political History

This chapter surveys the establishment of parliament in Henry III's middle years. It shows how Henry III's need for taxes, and the corresponding need for consent to taxation, raised the status of ... More


Consolidation: Parliament and Baronial Reform, 1258–1272

J. R. Maddicott

in The Origins of the English Parliament, 924-1327

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199585502
eISBN:
9780191723148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585502.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, Political History

This chapter assesses the impact of the baronial reform movement of 1258–65 on the development of parliament. It argues that the reforming barons saw parliament as a public forum and the appropriate ... More


Anglo-French Tensions

Malcolm Vale

in The Origins of the Hundred Years War: The Angevin Legacy 1250–1340

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206200
eISBN:
9780191677014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206200.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, Military History

It is generally agreed by historians that the Anglo-French treaty concluded between Henry III and Louis IX at Paris, France, in 1259 lay behind many of the problems from which subsequent Anglo-French ... More


Transformation: The Making of the Community of the Realm, 1189–1227

J. R. Maddicott

in The Origins of the English Parliament, 924-1327

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199585502
eISBN:
9780191723148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585502.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, Political History

This chapter analyses the transformation in the functions and working of national assemblies which took place between Richard I's accession in 1189 and the end of Henry III's minority in 1227. That ... More


King Henry III and the Cosmati Work at Westminster Abbey

D. A. Carpenter

in The Cloister and the World: Essays in Medieval History in Honour of Barbara Harvey

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204404
eISBN:
9780191676246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204404.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter examines the construction of the Cosmati work on the base on the shrine of Edward the Confessor at the Westminster Abbey in England. It talks about medieval art history professor Paul ... More


The Roman Church and the Lay Power in the Thirteenth Century

Colin Morris

in The Papal Monarchy: The Western Church from 1050 to 1250

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269250
eISBN:
9780191600708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269250.003.0023
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Governments became more active, and there was more awareness of rights as vested in one single authority. They were formalized in established institutions, and two coherent jurisdictions, of church ... More


The Barons’ War and Henry’s Letters

Tim William Machan

in English in the Middle Ages

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199282128
eISBN:
9780191718991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282128.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, English Language

This chapter examines two royal letters that were written in English and released by Henry III in 1258. These letters are used to talk about the many contextual factors that give utterances and codes ... More


The Emergence of Private Petitions

GWILYM DODD

in Justice and Grace: Private Petitioning and the English Parliament in the Late Middle Ages

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199202805
eISBN:
9780191708015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202805.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter examines the origins and early history of the private petition, focussing on the final two decades of the late 13th century. The chapter is split into two subsections: the first ... More


Comprehending Passions

MARK GREENGRASS

in Governing Passions: Peace and Reform in the French Kingdom, 1576-1585

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199214907
eISBN:
9780191706561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214907.003.02
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

Public speaking dominated French politics in the 16th century. The speeches delivered before the king, during the meetings of representative institutions, or in courts of law were carefully prepared ... More


Christian Society in the Middle of the Eleventh Century

Colin Morris

in The Papal Monarchy: The Western Church from 1050 to 1250

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269250
eISBN:
9780191600708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269250.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The mid‐eleventh century saw the strong dominance of royal authority over the independence of the church. The system may be described as the private ownership of church (Eigenkirchentum). Its most ... More


Background

H. E. J. Cowdrey

in Pope Gregory VII, 1073–1085

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206460
eISBN:
9780191677144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206460.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

Pope Gregory VII (1073–1085) entered the historical scene under the name of Hildebrand during the crisis that overtook the church at Rome in 1044–1049, ... More


The Piety of Henry III

David Carpenter

in Henry III: The Rise to Power and Personal Rule, 1207-1258

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780300238358
eISBN:
9780300255508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300238358.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter focuses on the piety of Henry III. King Henry III was widely regarded by his contemporaries as a ‘rex Christianissimus’, ‘a most Christian king’. Everything known about his religious ... More


The Court of Henry III

David Carpenter

in Henry III: The Rise to Power and Personal Rule, 1207-1258

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780300238358
eISBN:
9780300255508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300238358.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter assesses the court of Henry III. King Henry III was keen to impress with the magnificence of his entourage and person. Yet in one key respect his court was fundamentally different from ... More


English Royal Falconry, Richard I to Henry III

Robin S. Oggins

in The Kings and Their Hawks: Falconry in Medieval England

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300100587
eISBN:
9780300130386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300100587.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter elaborates on English royal falconry from the period of Richard I to Henry III. Richard was a dedicated falconer. He spent over nine years of his reign outside England, there was less ... More


Years of Success 1234–1241

David Carpenter

in Henry III: The Rise to Power and Personal Rule, 1207-1258

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780300238358
eISBN:
9780300255508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300238358.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter details the first phase of Henry III's personal rule, between 1234 and 1241, which was the most successful period of his reign. He adopted Edward the Confessor as his patron saint and ... More


Years of Division 1243–1250

David Carpenter

in Henry III: The Rise to Power and Personal Rule, 1207-1258

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780300238358
eISBN:
9780300255508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300238358.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter addresses the years between Henry III's return from Gascony in 1243 and his departure again for the duchy ten years later, which form a discrete period in his personal rule, although one ... More


Henry the Crusader 1250–1253

David Carpenter

in Henry III: The Rise to Power and Personal Rule, 1207-1258

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780300238358
eISBN:
9780300255508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300238358.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter studies how Henry III took the cross in March of 1250 and hoped to fire his subjects with enthusiasm for the enterprise. He was unsuccessful. In these years, Matthew Paris's critique of ... More


The Last Years of the Personal Rule 1255–1257

David Carpenter

in Henry III: The Rise to Power and Personal Rule, 1207-1258

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780300238358
eISBN:
9780300255508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300238358.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter reflects on the last years of Henry III's personal rule. After Henry's return to England, a degree of political calm is suggested by the paucity of notes on the chancery rolls stating on ... More


Governing Passions: Peace and Reform in the French Kingdom, 1576-1585

Mark Greengrass

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199214907
eISBN:
9780191706561
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214907.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

The French kingdom dissolved into civil wars, known as the ‘wars of religion’, for a generation from 1562 to 1598. This book examines the reactions of France's governing groups to that experience. ... More


Le Chemin de la Paix, 1577–1579

MARK GREENGRASS

in Governing Passions: Peace and Reform in the French Kingdom, 1576-1585

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199214907
eISBN:
9780191706561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214907.003.04
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

There was a rhythm to reformation initiatives in the French state in the later 16th century which was imposed by successive attempts to pacify its religious divisions. The peace settlement that was ... More


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