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  • Keywords: Henry Fairfield Osborn x
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Osborn's Sorry Valentine

in The Second Jurassic Dinosaur Rush: Museums and Paleontology in America at the Turn of the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226074726
eISBN:
9780226074733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226074733.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

On Valentine's Day, 1896, Henry Fairfield Osborn accepted the unwelcome resignation of Olof August Peterson, his skilled field assistant, who had worked for Osborn's department at the American Museum ... More


Creative Evolution, or Man’s Struggle up Mount Parnassus

Marianne Sommer

in History Within: The Science, Culture, and Politics of Bones, Organisms, and Molecules

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226347325
eISBN:
9780226349879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226349879.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The chapter deals with Osborn’s second monograph on human evolutionary history: Man Rises to Parnassus (1927). At the center stands its circulation and uptake in the changed atmosphere of the late ... More


Weismannism Comes to America: The Factors of Evolution

Trevor Pearce

in Pragmatism's Evolution: Organism and Environment in American Philosophy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226719887
eISBN:
9780226720081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226720081.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines how both first- and second-cohort pragmatists participated in the debates over the causal factors of evolution that accompanied the reception of August Weismann’s work in the ... More


Fossil Wonders of the West

in The Second Jurassic Dinosaur Rush: Museums and Paleontology in America at the Turn of the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226074726
eISBN:
9780226074733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226074733.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Henry Fairfield Osborn resented every success the Carnegie Museum enjoyed in the Wyoming Jurassic in 1899, a locality entered previously by his own institution. He particularly envied their ... More


History Within between Science and Fiction

Marianne Sommer

in History Within: The Science, Culture, and Politics of Bones, Organisms, and Molecules

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226347325
eISBN:
9780226349879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226349879.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The chapter engages with Osborn’s attempts to influence the ways in which human evolution and prehistory were presented in works written by other authors, such as educational and school books. It ... More


The Hall of the Age of Man: The Politics of Building a Site of Phylogenetic Remembrance

Marianne Sommer

in History Within: The Science, Culture, and Politics of Bones, Organisms, and Molecules

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226347325
eISBN:
9780226349879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226349879.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The chapter reconstructs the production of the Hall of the Age of Man at the American Museum of Natural History. It follows the circulation of persons, bones, tools, casts, and knowledge in the ... More


From Visual Memory to “Racial Soul”

Marianne Sommer

in History Within: The Science, Culture, and Politics of Bones, Organisms, and Molecules

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226347325
eISBN:
9780226349879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226349879.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter deals with the scientific thought of Henry Fairfield Osborn. It engages with his interpretation of the fossil record, his orthogenetic theories, as well as with his concepts of a visual ... More


Paper Ancestors? or “A Word-Painting of the Scene and of the Man or Woman”

Marianne Sommer

in History Within: The Science, Culture, and Politics of Bones, Organisms, and Molecules

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226347325
eISBN:
9780226349879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226349879.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter deals with the production of Osborn’s first monograph on human evolutionary history: Men of the Old Stone Age (1915). It shows how he depended on a network of scientists and institutions ... More


The Waning and Waxing of Darwinian Trees

J. David Archibald

in Aristotle's Ladder, Darwin's Tree: The Evolution of Visual Metaphors for Biological Order

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164122
eISBN:
9780231537667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164122.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines how scientific interest in Charles Darwin's evolutionary trees declined and then increased in the twentieth century. As the nineteenth century drew to a close, the reality of ... More


Last Days in the Jurassic

in The Second Jurassic Dinosaur Rush: Museums and Paleontology in America at the Turn of the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226074726
eISBN:
9780226074733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226074733.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

By 1905, the American Museum's Department of Vertebrate Paleontology (DVP) had accumulated an enormous quantity of Jurassic dinosaurs of many different types, from gigantic sauropods to small, ... More


History Within: The Science, Culture, and Politics of Bones, Organisms, and Molecules

Marianne Sommer

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226347325
eISBN:
9780226349879
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226349879.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The book deals with human histories that have been reconstructed on the basis of bones, organisms, and molecules in the twentieth century. It focuses on the work of Henry Fairfield Osborn, Julian ... More


The Golden Age of Lamarckism, 1866–1926

Sander Gliboff

in Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter analyzes the golden age of Lamarckism in the period from 1866 until 1926. It focuses on Ernst Haeckel (1834–1919) and his generation, the generation after them, and the rival ... More


Postscript

Marianne Sommer

in History Within: The Science, Culture, and Politics of Bones, Organisms, and Molecules

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226347325
eISBN:
9780226349879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226349879.003.0017
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The conclusion of the book situates the endeavors of Osborn, Huxley, and Cavalli-Sforza in reconstructing and circulating the integrated histories based on bones, organisms, and molecules, in ... More


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