Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 32 items

  • Keywords: Hempel x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Reformulation of Physical Determinism

J. R. LUCAS

in The Freedom of the Will

Published in print:
1970
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198243434
eISBN:
9780191680687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198243434.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

Hempel's account of a regularity explanation needs amplification. The usual symbolism of formal logic presents some difficulties, as it is unable to distinguish ‘accidental’ universal statements ... More


What the Ravens Really Teach Us: the Intrinsic Contextuality of Evidence

HASOK CHANG and GRANT FISHER

in Evidence, Inference and Enquiry

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264843
eISBN:
9780191754050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264843.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Methodology and Statistics

This chapter advances a contextual view of evidence, through a reconsideration of Hempel's paradox of confirmation (the ‘ravens paradox’). The initial view regarding Hempel's paradox is that a ... More


Explanation and Causal Relevance

Carl F. Craver

in Explaining the Brain

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199299317
eISBN:
9780191715075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299317.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter defends a causal-mechanical view of explanation in neuroscience by arguing against three other philosophical accounts of scientific explanation: Paul Churchland's representational ... More


Causation

Hidemi Suganami

in On the Causes of War

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198273387
eISBN:
9780191684043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273387.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses the outcomes of various historical investigations into the causes of particular wars. First, it analyses three common theories of the concept of causation. The first theory ... More


Tarski, Neurath, and Kokoszyńska on the Semantic Conception of Truth

Paolo Mancosu

in New Essays on Tarski and Philosophy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199296309
eISBN:
9780191712272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296309.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Tarski's presentation of the semantic conception of truth at the Paris congress in 1935 gave rise to conflicting positions. While Carnap and others hailed Tarski's definition of truth as a major ... More


Deception and Division

Donald Davidson

in Problems of Rationality

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780198237549
eISBN:
9780191601378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237545.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Continues the theme of the preceding chapters, examining further the possibility of irrational thought and action, judged against a background that stipulates large‐scale rationality as a necessary ... More


Psychological Determinism

J. R. Lucas

in The Freedom of the Will

Published in print:
1970
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198243434
eISBN:
9780191680687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198243434.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

Psychological determinism is an aspiration rather than a threat. It needs exposing rather than arguing against. There are no psychological laws which enable us to make anything more than very ... More


Criteria of Merit for Explanations of Individual Events

L. Jonathan Cohen

in The Probable and The Provable

Published in print:
1977
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198244127
eISBN:
9780191680748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244127.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores the criteria of merit for explanations of individual events. It first introduces Hempel's theory of explanation for individual events. The covering laws for both proofs and ... More


Statistical Explanation

L. Jonathan Cohen

in The Probable and The Provable

Published in print:
1977
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198244127
eISBN:
9780191680748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244127.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter starts by presenting Hempel's account of statistical explanation. Hempel proposed to deal with the problem of epistemic ambiguity in statistical explanation by a requirement of maximal ... More


Deductivism Visited and Revisited

Wesley C. Salmon

in Causality and Explanation

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195108644
eISBN:
9780199833627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195108647.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Attacks explanatory deductivism, the view that all genuine explanations have the form of a correct deductive argument. The view has strong intuitive appeal to many philosophers. The author offers a ... More


Scientific Explanation: How We Got from There to Here

Wesley C. Salmon

in Causality and Explanation

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195108644
eISBN:
9780199833627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195108647.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Contains a brief history of the developments in the philosophy of scientific explanation in the 40 years following the publication in 1948 of Carl G. Hempel and Paul Oppenheim's seminal article, ... More


The Formulation of Why‐Questions

Wesley C. Salmon

in Causality and Explanation

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195108644
eISBN:
9780199833627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195108647.003.0025
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Is a response to a criticism, posed by an anthropologist (M. Cartmill), of the Statistical Relevance (S‐R) model of explanation. The author claims that the objection does not hold. Although he ... More


Final Definitions and Realism

Peter Achinstein

in The Book of Evidence

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143898
eISBN:
9780199833023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143892.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

A final definition of ”potential evidence” is proposed, and it is shown how veridical, ES‐, and subjective evidence can all be defined using the concept of potential evidence. Hempel's ”conditions of ... More


Two Paradoxes of Evidence: Ravens and Grue

Peter Achinstein

in The Book of Evidence

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143898
eISBN:
9780199833023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143892.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The concept of potential evidence defined in Ch. 8 is used to solve two powerful paradoxes of evidence: the ravens paradox, attributable to Carl G. Hempel, and the grue paradox, due to Nelson ... More


Realism in Methodology

Ilkka Niiniluoto

in Critical Scientific Realism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251612
eISBN:
9780191598098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251614.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Methodological realism accepts the axiological view that truth is one of the essential aims of science. Following Popper and Levi, truthlikeness as the aim of science, combines the goals of truth and ... More


Causal Explanation

David Lewis

in Philosophical Papers Volume II

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195036466
eISBN:
9780199833399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195036468.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Argues for the thesis that to explain an event is to provide some information about its causal history. This involves showing that there are no noncausal explanations of particular events, ... More


Hempel on Explaining Action

Donald Davidson

in Essays on Actions and Events

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246274
eISBN:
9780191715198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246270.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

After acknowledging Hempel as an ‘early partisan’ of the causal theory of action, Davidson takes issue with him on whether explanations that rationalize actions make essential appeal to laws. Apart ... More


Why Climate-Change Skeptics Are Wrong

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

in What Will Work: Fighting Climate Change with Renewable Energy, Not Nuclear Power

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794638
eISBN:
9780199919277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794638.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 1 begins by stressing the severity of climate change (CC) and showing how, contrary to popular belief, atomic energy is not a viable solution to ... More


Between Vienna and Berlin: The Immediate Reception of Gödel's Incompleteness Theorems

Paolo Mancosu

in The Adventure of Reason: Interplay Between Philosophy of Mathematics and Mathematical Logic, 1900-1940

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199546534
eISBN:
9780191594939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546534.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Mind

What were the earliest reactions to Gödel’s incompleteness theorems? After a brief summary of previous work in this area, this chapter describes, using unpublished archival material, the first ... More


Tarski, Neurath, and Kokoszyńska on the Semantic Conception of Truth

Paolo Mancosu

in The Adventure of Reason: Interplay Between Philosophy of Mathematics and Mathematical Logic, 1900-1940

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199546534
eISBN:
9780191594939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546534.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Mind

Tarski’s presentation of the semantic conception of truth at the Paris congress in 1935 gave rise to conflicting positions. While Carnap and others hailed Tarski’s definition of truth as a major ... More


View: