## Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

*Raymond Flood, Mark McCartney, and Andrew Whitaker (eds)*

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- May 2008
- ISBN:
- 9780199231256
- eISBN:
- 9780191710803
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.001.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

Lord Kelvin was one of the greatest physicists of the Victorian era. Widely known for the development of the Kelvin scale of temperature measurement, Kelvin's interests ranged across thermodynamics, ... More

## The simplest cases: Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions

*Andreas Kirsch and Natalia Grinberg*

### in The Factorization Method for Inverse Problems

- Published in print:
- 2007
- Published Online:
- September 2008
- ISBN:
- 9780199213535
- eISBN:
- 9780191707629
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213535.003.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

After a short derivation of the Helmholtz equation in acoustics this chapter formulates the direct scattering problem and presents results on uniqueness and existence without proofs (but gives ... More

## The factorization method for other types of inverse obstacle scattering problems

*Andreas Kirsch and Natalia Grinberg*

### in The Factorization Method for Inverse Problems

- Published in print:
- 2007
- Published Online:
- September 2008
- ISBN:
- 9780199213535
- eISBN:
- 9780191707629
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213535.003.0002
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter studies some examples of inverse scattering problems in which the data operator fails to be normal. The impedance boundary condition, the reconstruction from limited-angle data, and the ... More

## The mixed boundary value problem

*Andreas Kirsch and Natalia Grinberg*

### in The Factorization Method for Inverse Problems

- Published in print:
- 2007
- Published Online:
- September 2008
- ISBN:
- 9780199213535
- eISBN:
- 9780191707629
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213535.003.0003
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

For the mixed boundary value problem, the scattering domain D consists of several components with different types of boundary conditions. The chapter begins by reviewing results on uniqueness and ... More

## The MUSIC algorithm and scattering by an inhomogeneous medium

*Andreas Kirsch and Natalia Grinberg*

### in The Factorization Method for Inverse Problems

- Published in print:
- 2007
- Published Online:
- September 2008
- ISBN:
- 9780199213535
- eISBN:
- 9780191707629
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213535.003.0004
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter examines the case of a penetrable scatterer with an index of refraction that can be space-dependent and is assumed to be different from the constant background index. The inverse ... More

## DIFFUSION EQUATION

*George Em Karniadakis and Spencer J. Sherwin*

### in Spectral/hp Element Methods for Computational Fluid Dynamics

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198528692
- eISBN:
- 9780191713491
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528692.003.0005
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

This chapter considers the diffusion equation: an implicit in time discretization leads to the Helmholtz equation. Both the temporal discretization and eigenspectra of second-order operators that ... More

## Artificial likelihoods and estimating functions

*Christopher G. Small and Jinfang Wang*

### in Numerical Methods for Nonlinear Estimating Equations

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198506881
- eISBN:
- 9780191709258
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506881.003.0006
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter discusses the problem of root selection using artificial objective functions associated with an estimating function; the artificial likelihoods discussed in this chapter share many ... More

## Finite Elements Methods for the Cavity Problem

*Peter Monk*

### in Finite Element Methods for Maxwell's Equations

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198508885
- eISBN:
- 9780191708633
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508885.003.0007
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

This chapter concerns the use of edge finite element methods to approximate the cavity problem with mixed boundary data. It provides two proofs of convergence of the discrete solution. First under ... More

## Time-harmonic fields

*Mauro Fabrizio and Morro Angelo*

### in Electromagnetism of Continuous Media: Mathematical Modelling and Applications

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198527008
- eISBN:
- 9780191713316
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527008.003.0003
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter reviews balance laws and relevant solutions to Maxwell’s equations in connection with the time-harmonic dependence. The wave equation becomes the Helmholtz equation and, for it, Green’s ... More

## The Classic Period

*Alan Gilchrist*

### in Seeing Black and White

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780195187168
- eISBN:
- 9780199786725
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187168.003.0002
- Subject:
- Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Prior to the 19th century one can find references to the problem of lightness and color constancy, but no sustained experimental program. Most notable in this regard are the insightful writings of ... More

## American Pragmatism: A Religious Genealogy

*M. Gail Hamner*

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- November 2003
- ISBN:
- 9780195155471
- eISBN:
- 9780199834266
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0195155475.001.0001
- Subject:
- Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The development of pragmatism is the most important achievement in the history of American philosophy. M. Gail Hamner here examines the European roots of the movement in a search for what makes ... More

## MUSIC PEDAGOGY, MUSICOLOGY,AND BRAHMS'S COLLECTION OF OCTAVES AND FIFTHS: HISTORICAL DECLINE, PERSONAL RENEWAL

*Margaret Notley*

### in Lateness and Brahms: Music and Culture in the Twilight of Viennese Liberalism

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- May 2008
- ISBN:
- 9780195305470
- eISBN:
- 9780199866946
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305470.003.0005
- Subject:
- Music, History, Western

Brahms voiced his sense of lateness by deploring declining music-pedagogical traditions. In a project of lifelong self-improvement, he compiled examples from other composers' music that seem to ... More

## Hermann von Helmholtz

*M. Gail Hamner*

### in American Pragmatism: A Religious Genealogy

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- November 2003
- ISBN:
- 9780195155471
- eISBN:
- 9780199834266
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0195155475.003.0003
- Subject:
- Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter and the next deals with the texts of two German thinkers who were widely read by Charles Sanders Peirce and William James – the German psychologists Hermann von Helmholtz and Wilhelm ... More

## Wilhelm Wundt

*M. Gail Hamner*

### in American Pragmatism: A Religious Genealogy

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- November 2003
- ISBN:
- 9780195155471
- eISBN:
- 9780199834266
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0195155475.003.0004
- Subject:
- Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter (and the last) deals with the texts of two German thinkers who were widely read by Charles Sanders Peirce and William James – Hermann von Helmholtz and Wilhelm Wundt. They clarify the ... More

## Charles Sanders Peirce

*M. Gail Hamner*

### in American Pragmatism: A Religious Genealogy

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- November 2003
- ISBN:
- 9780195155471
- eISBN:
- 9780199834266
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0195155475.003.0007
- Subject:
- Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Charles Sanders Peirce was an American pragmatist whose notions of, and about community, inform not only his reformulation of ‘science’ and ontology but also the complex theory of continuity ... More

## Hydrodynamic stability

*Stefano Atzeni and JÜrgen Meyer-Ter-Vehn*

### in The Physics of Inertial Fusion: BeamPlasma Interaction, Hydrodynamics, Hot Dense Matter

- Published in print:
- 2004
- Published Online:
- January 2008
- ISBN:
- 9780198562641
- eISBN:
- 9780191714030
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198562641.003.0008
- Subject:
- Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter is devoted to hydrodynamic instabilities. Internal confinement fusion (ICF) capsule implosions are inherently unstable. In particular, the Rayleigh-Taylor instability (RTI) developing at ... More

## GEORGE ELIOT'S EAR: New Acoustics in Daniel Deronda and Beyond

*John M. Picker*

### in Victorian Soundscapes

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780195151916
- eISBN:
- 9780199787944
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151916.003.0004
- Subject:
- Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter argues that George Eliot recognized the advent of an age defined by new emphases on and understandings of the capacity for listening. This argument suggests that Victorian science — ... More

## 1921: “Critical or Empiricist Interpretation of the New Physics?”

*Thomas Ryckman*

### in The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- April 2005
- ISBN:
- 9780195177176
- eISBN:
- 9780199835324
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0195177177.003.0003
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Mortiz Schlick’s article of this title was highly influential in convincing several generations of philosophers that GTR outrightly falsified any variety of Kantian epistemology. In fact, the ... More

## Thermodynamics of ideal polarizable interfaces

*Wolfgang Schmickler*

### in Interfacial Electrochemistry

- Published in print:
- 1996
- Published Online:
- November 2020
- ISBN:
- 9780195089325
- eISBN:
- 9780197560563
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780195089325.003.0023
- Subject:
- Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

For liquid electrodes thermodynamics offers a precise way to determine the surface charge and the surface excesses of a species. This is one of the reasons ... More

## Dynamics of Completion

*Shirley Brice Heath*

### in The Artful Mind: Cognitive Science and the Riddle of Human Creativity

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- October 2011
- ISBN:
- 9780195306361
- eISBN:
- 9780199851034
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306361.003.0007
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explores how three basic cognitive capacities—categorization, cross-domain mapping, and the use of conceptual models—operate at the specific level of understanding music. This ... More