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The neural basis for a theory of cognitive rehabilitation

Ian H. Robertson

in The Effectiveness of Rehabilitation for Cognitive Deficits

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198526544
eISBN:
9780191689420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526544.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Throughout the previous chapters, it can be seen that some cognitive functions in some people can benefit from certain types of cognitive ... More


The Web in the Spider: Associative Learning Theory

Vsevolod Kapatsinski

in Changing Minds Changing Tools: From Learning Theory to Language Acquisition to Language Change

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780262037860
eISBN:
9780262346313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037860.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides an overview of basic learning mechanisms proposed within associationist learning theory: error-driven learning, Hebbian learning, and chunking. It takes the complementary ... More


Schematic Structure, Hebbian Learning, and Semantic Change

Vsevolod Kapatsinski

in Changing Minds Changing Tools: From Learning Theory to Language Acquisition to Language Change

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780262037860
eISBN:
9780262346313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037860.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter aims to explain some trends in semantic change with Hebbian learning. Semantic broadening observed in grammaticalization is argued to be seeded by speakers when they select frequent ... More


Mirror neuron system and social cognition

Christian Keysers, Marc Thioux, and Valeria Gazzola

in Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives from developmental social neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199692972
eISBN:
9780191758515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692972.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Mirror neuron system and social cognition. We intuitively feel that others have intensions, sensations and emotions. Here we perform a review of the location and properties of mirror neurons in ... More


The Winner Takes It All: How Decisions Emerge

Thomas Boraud

in How the Brain Makes Decisions

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198824367
eISBN:
9780191863202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824367.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews the general principles that are necessary for a neural system to make decisions. A glance at the literature shows that the simplest system to obtain an imbalance between two ... More


Memory and Wine Tasting

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Neuroenology: How the Brain Creates the Taste of Wine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231177009
eISBN:
9780231542876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231177009.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

How many components can we remember in a wine taste? Much research has shown that memory is good for one or two components, but falls off severely ad 3 and is virtually gone for more. The more ... More


Changing Minds Changing Tools: From Learning Theory to Language Acquisition to Language Change

Vsevolod Kapatsinski

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780262037860
eISBN:
9780262346313
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037860.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Language acquisition has often been approached as an isolated domain subject to its own laws and driven by its own mechanisms. The working hypothesis of this book is that language acquisition is ... More


The Eminence Grise

Thomas Boraud

in How the Brain Makes Decisions

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198824367
eISBN:
9780191863202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824367.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter demonstrates how the cortex communicates with the basal ganglia and the thalamus progressively during the evolution of vertebrates. The telencephalic loop is involved in social behaviour ... More


Voltage-Dependent Events in the Dendritic Tree

Christof Koch

in Biophysics of Computation: Information Processing in Single Neurons

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195104912
eISBN:
9780197562338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195104912.003.0025
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

So far, we worked under the convenient fiction that active, voltage-dependent membrane conductances are confined to the spike initiation zone at or close to the cell ... More


Synaptic Input

Christof Koch

in Biophysics of Computation: Information Processing in Single Neurons

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195104912
eISBN:
9780197562338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195104912.003.0010
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

How information circulates in the brain was the subject of a heated debate lasting a decade or more among anatomists in the closing years of the last century. One camp ... More


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