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Memory and Wine Tasting

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Neuroenology: How the Brain Creates the Taste of Wine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231177009
eISBN:
9780231542876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231177009.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

How many components can we remember in a wine taste? Much research has shown that memory is good for one or two components, but falls off severely ad 3 and is virtually gone for more. The more ... More


The Winner Takes It All: How Decisions Emerge

Thomas Boraud

in How the Brain Makes Decisions

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198824367
eISBN:
9780191863202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824367.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews the general principles that are necessary for a neural system to make decisions. A glance at the literature shows that the simplest system to obtain an imbalance between two ... More


The neural basis for a theory of cognitive rehabilitation

Ian H. Robertson

in The Effectiveness of Rehabilitation for Cognitive Deficits

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198526544
eISBN:
9780191689420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526544.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Throughout the previous chapters, it can be seen that some cognitive functions in some people can benefit from certain types of cognitive ... More


Changing Minds Changing Tools: From Learning Theory to Language Acquisition to Language Change

Vsevolod Kapatsinski

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780262037860
eISBN:
9780262346313
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037860.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Language acquisition has often been approached as an isolated domain subject to its own laws and driven by its own mechanisms. The working hypothesis of this book is that language acquisition is ... More


The computational role of conscious processing in a model of semantic memory

R. LAURO-GROTTO, S. REICH, and M.A. VIRASORO

in Cognition, Computation, and Consciousness

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524144
eISBN:
9780191689147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524144.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins by introducing semantic memory as an attractor neural network (ANN). This neural network ‘learns’ and ‘retrieves’ using essentially the Hebbian mechanism, and stores pieces of ... More


Symbols and embodiment from the perspective of a neural modeller

Andreas Knoblauch

in Symbols and Embodiment: Debates on meaning and cognition

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199217274
eISBN:
9780191696060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217274.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter contributes to the current debate about symbols and embodiment by pointing out the perspective of a neural modeller. It demonstrates that the default definitions of ‘symbol’, ... More


To consolidate or not to consolidate: what are the questions?

Yadin Dudai and Richard G.M. Morris

in Brain, Perception, Memory: Advances in Cognitive Neuroscience

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524823
eISBN:
9780191689246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524823.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides a critical review of the term consolidation, which refers to the processes occurring at the level of the neuron and the synapse during and after memory formation or its neural ... More


Mirror neuron system and social cognition

Christian Keysers, Marc Thioux, and Valeria Gazzola

in Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives from developmental social neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199692972
eISBN:
9780191758515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692972.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Mirror neuron system and social cognition. We intuitively feel that others have intensions, sensations and emotions. Here we perform a review of the location and properties of mirror neurons in ... More


Modeling Coordination in the Neocortex at the Microcircuit and Global Network Level

Anders Lansner and Mikael Lundqvist

in Dynamic Coordination in the Brain: From Neurons to Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014717
eISBN:
9780262289818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014717.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

Computational modeling is used in neuroscience to connect cortical microscopic processes at the cellular and synaptic level with large-scale cortical dynamics and coordination that underlie ... More


Dynamics of Memory-Guided Behavior

Michael E. Hasselmo

in How We Remember: Brain Mechanisms of Episodic Memory

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016353
eISBN:
9780262298230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016353.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on certain experimental studies that use specially designed tasks for rodents to demonstrate how memory plays a key role in guiding behavior; many models of such tasks have been ... More


The Eminence Grise

Thomas Boraud

in How the Brain Makes Decisions

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198824367
eISBN:
9780191863202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824367.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter demonstrates how the cortex communicates with the basal ganglia and the thalamus progressively during the evolution of vertebrates. The telencephalic loop is involved in social behaviour ... More


Synaptic Input

Christof Koch

in Biophysics of Computation: Information Processing in Single Neurons

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195104912
eISBN:
9780197562338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195139853.003.0010
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

How information circulates in the brain was the subject of a heated debate lasting a decade or more among anatomists in the closing years of the last century. One camp argued that neural tissue ... More


Voltage-Dependent Events in the Dendritic Tree

Christof Koch

in Biophysics of Computation: Information Processing in Single Neurons

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195104912
eISBN:
9780197562338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195104912.003.0025
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

So far, we worked under the convenient fiction that active, voltage-dependent membrane conductances are confined to the spike initiation zone at or close to the cell body and that the dendritic ... More


The Web in the Spider: Associative Learning Theory

Vsevolod Kapatsinski

in Changing Minds Changing Tools: From Learning Theory to Language Acquisition to Language Change

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780262037860
eISBN:
9780262346313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037860.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides an overview of basic learning mechanisms proposed within associationist learning theory: error-driven learning, Hebbian learning, and chunking. It takes the complementary ... More


Schematic Structure, Hebbian Learning, and Semantic Change

Vsevolod Kapatsinski

in Changing Minds Changing Tools: From Learning Theory to Language Acquisition to Language Change

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780262037860
eISBN:
9780262346313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037860.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter aims to explain some trends in semantic change with Hebbian learning. Semantic broadening observed in grammaticalization is argued to be seeded by speakers when they select frequent ... More


The Interplay of Syntagmatic, Schematic, and Paradigmatic Structure

Vsevolod Kapatsinski

in Changing Minds Changing Tools: From Learning Theory to Language Acquisition to Language Change

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780262037860
eISBN:
9780262346313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037860.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter is a step towards developing an associationist framework for an account of productive morphology. Specifically, the aim is to address the paradigm cell filling problem, how speakers ... More


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