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The Promise of Preschool: From Head Start to Universal Pre-Kindergarten

Elizabeth Rose

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195395075
eISBN:
9780199775767
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395075.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

How did the United States move from seeing preschool as a way to give the nation's poorest children a “head start” to seeing preschool as the beginning of public education for all children? Advocates ... More


Promises and Politics: Head Start Sets the Stage in the 1960s

Elizabeth Rose

in The Promise of Preschool: From Head Start to Universal Pre-Kindergarten

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195395075
eISBN:
9780199775767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395075.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The creation of the federal Head Start program in 1965 put the needs of young children from poor families on the national agenda. Head Start was inspired both by research suggesting the promise of ... More


Head Start’s Golden Years under the Clinton Administration

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses the status of the Head Start program under the Clinton administration. President Clinton was just as strong a supporter of Head Start at the end of his administration as he was ... More


George W. Bush versus Head Start

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses the status of the Head Start program under George W. Bush's administration. The Bush administration's stewardship of Head Start and several other children's programs including ... More


Reinventing Head Start

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses the uncertainties faced by the Head Start program under the Nixon administration and the author's effort to improve Head Start. At the Office of Child Development (OCD), the ... More


Does Head Start Work? Does it Work Enough?

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews the performance of the Head Start program. It argues that based on the criteria of eradicating poverty or eliminating the achievement gap, Head Start is clearly a failure. Judged ... More


Deploying the Lessons in Head Start’s History

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews the accomplishments of the Head Start program. At the top of the list of Head Start's contributions is the fact that it was the trailblazer for our nation's huge investment in ... More


President Jimmy Carter, Head Start’s Misunderstood Friend

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter focuses on how President Carter never received the credit he deserved for his Head Start actions. The program's budget nearly doubled during his 4 years in office, and his White House ... More


The Hidden History of Head Start

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Currently enrolling approximately 900,000 poor children each year, Head Start has served 25 million children and their families since it was established 43 years ago. Presidents and policymakers have ... More


Coaxing Science to the Rescue

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

In Washington, studies are contracted to research companies, many of which are quite professional and follow the procedures described above. The findings, however, are rarely peer-reviewed before ... More


Ronald Reagan “Saves” Head Start

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses the status of the Head Start program under the Reagan administration. Reagan's conservative views, his disdain for social programs, and his voiced desire for a smaller federal ... More


Separate Strands: Early Education and Child Care for Poor Children in the 1980s

Elizabeth Rose

in The Promise of Preschool: From Head Start to Universal Pre-Kindergarten

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195395075
eISBN:
9780199775767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395075.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The education reform movement of the 1980s drew preschool closer to the world of public education, leading to the spread of public pre‐kindergarten programs. Research on the long‐term benefits of ... More


George H. W. Bush, the “Education President”

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses the status of the Head Start program under George H. W. Bush's administration. Head Start received a great deal of additional money during President Bush's term, but actual ... More


A Conflict of Cultures

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter details the author's experiences upon becoming director of the Office of Child Development (OCD). Until his arrival in Washington, he had never experienced any sense of inferiority and ... More


The Failed Union of Head Start and Child Care

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter describes events during the late 1960s and early 1970s that came within a breath of expanding and joining Head Start to a national child care system. This system would have been a giant ... More


The Predawn of Head Start: Beginnings of Early Childhood Intervention

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter considers the elements of the philosophy underlying Head Start's conception and design. Efforts to help poor children's early learning can be traced back at least to the 17th century and ... More


The Cognitive Child Versus the Whole Child: Lessons From 40 Years of Head Start

EDWARD F. ZIGLER and SANDRA J. BISHOP-JOSEF

in Play = Learning: How Play Motivates and Enhances Children's Cognitive and Social-Emotional Growth

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195304381
eISBN:
9780199894321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304381.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

The effect of play on children has become the subject of intense debates in America. Many preschools and elementary schools have reduced or even eliminated play from their schedules. Play is being ... More


Conclusion: History Lessons for Preschool Advocates

Elizabeth Rose

in The Promise of Preschool: From Head Start to Universal Pre-Kindergarten

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195395075
eISBN:
9780199775767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395075.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The idea of universal pre‐kindergarten now enjoys nearly universal support. It is important at this juncture to understand what legacies we have inherited from the past, and what lessons we might ... More


Introduction

Elizabeth Rose

in The Promise of Preschool: From Head Start to Universal Pre-Kindergarten

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195395075
eISBN:
9780199775767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395075.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The United States' approach to educating and caring for young children relies on a patchwork of public and private programs serving children of different economic backgrounds, ages, and needs. ... More


Equity for Indigenous Children in Early Childhood Education

Jessica Ball

in Lessons in Educational Equality: Successful Approaches to Intractable Problems Around the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199755011
eISBN:
9780199918867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755011.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Globally, Indigenous and ethnic-minority populations and the children of immigrants are less likely to participate in early childhood care and education (ECCE) than the average child in their ... More


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