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The “Ellis Effect”: Translating Sexual Science in Republican China, 1911–1949

Rachel Hui-Chi Hsu

in Global History of Sexual Science, 1880-1960

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780520293373
eISBN:
9780520966673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520293373.003.0009
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter examines the tension between claims to universal translatability and practices of unruly or subversive appropriations by focusing on the changing character of a series of translations of ... More


The Architects of the Progressive Marital Ideal

Clare Virginia Eby

in Until Choice Do Us Part: Marriage Reform in the Progressive Era

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226085661
eISBN:
9780226085975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226085975.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter defines the self-consciously “progressive” theory of marriage developed by sexologist Havelock Ellis, anthropologist Elsie Clews Parsons, feminist theorists Charlotte Perkins Gilman and ... More


TITHONUS AND THE PERFORMANCE OF MASCULINE BEAUTY

Cornelia Pearsall

in Tennyson's Rapture: Transformation in the Victorian Dramatic Monologue

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195150544
eISBN:
9780199871124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150544.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter examines “Tithonus” in the context of Tennyson’s “Oenone,” and of his early poems representing Tithonus’s son, Memnon. In studying the phenomenon of masculine beauty in a cluster of ... More


Imperialist Classifications: Sexology, Decadence, and New Women in the 1890s

Deborah Cohler

in Citizen, Invert, Queer: Lesbianism and War in Early Twentieth-Century Britain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816649754
eISBN:
9781452946009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816649754.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gay and Lesbian Studies

This chapter interrogates the interconnected politics of empire in three areas of British representation in the 1890s: the early work of the influential sexologist Havelock Ellis; the treatment of ... More


The ‘New Spirit’: Joachimism and Changing Interpretations of the Renaissance in Victorian England

Gould Warwick and Reeves Marjorie

in Joachim of Fiore

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242306
eISBN:
9780191697081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242306.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Theology

To the Victorians, the Renaissance was itself a concept in process of some rebirth. Those Victorian writers for whom Joachim of Fiore became something of a symbol of the proto-Renaissance as well as ... More


“Female Choice” and the Reproductive Autonomy of Women

Kimberly A. Hamlin

in From Eve to Evolution: Darwin, Science, and Women's Rights in Gilded Age America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226134611
eISBN:
9780226134758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226134758.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter four traces the Darwinian concept of “female choice” of sexual partners as it reverberated through feminist and socialist reform circles at the turn of the twentieth century. Darwinian ... More


The Science of Sexual Difference: Ogura Seizaburō, Hiratsuka Raichō, and the Intersection of Sexology and Feminism in Early-Twentieth-Century Japan

Michiko Suzuki

in Global History of Sexual Science, 1880-1960

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780520293373
eISBN:
9780520966673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520293373.003.0012
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter examines theories of male–female difference and female identity in Japan by focusing on the intersection of sexology and feminism in the country during the early twentieth century. In ... More


Epilogue

Clare Virginia Eby

in Until Choice Do Us Part: Marriage Reform in the Progressive Era

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226085661
eISBN:
9780226085975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226085975.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Psychologists describe love as a story with various possible narrative tracks. Progressive era writers rendered their stories of marriage literally as texts. In doing so they provided public accounts ... More


Epilogue

April R. Haynes

in Riotous Flesh: Women, Physiology, and the Solitary Vice in Nineteenth-Century America

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226284590
eISBN:
9780226284767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226284767.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

The Epilogue summarizes key changes that resulted from women’s physiological discourse by 1860. First, the case of Theodore Grimké Weld illustrates how masturbation had become firmly associated with ... More


The Case of John Addington Symonds

Daniel Orrells

in Classical Culture and Modern Masculinity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199236442
eISBN:
9780191728549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236442.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter examines how dangerous John Addington Symonds (Jowett's other famous pupil) thought the learning of classics to be, for both those men who desired women and those who desired other men. ... More


An Interesting Experiment in Eugenics

Paul A. Scolieri

in Ted Shawn: His Life, Writings, and Dances

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780199331062
eISBN:
9780190050580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199331062.003.0003
Subject:
Music, Dance, History, American

This chapter examines the formation and early years of Denishawn, the first American modern dance company and school. It argues that the newlywed Ruth St. Denis and Ted Shawn harnessed the cultural ... More


Organic Marriage in the Life Writings of Neith Boyce and Hutchins Hapgood

Clare Virginia Eby

in Until Choice Do Us Part: Marriage Reform in the Progressive Era

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226085661
eISBN:
9780226085975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226085975.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Here I examine the productive conflicts between novelist and playwright Neith Boyce and journalist and urban ethnographer Hutchins Hapgood. The couple balanced the autonomy necessary for writing and ... More


The Reception of Rome in English Sexology

Jana Funke and Rebecca Langlands

in Ancient Rome and the Construction of Modern Homosexual Identities

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199689729
eISBN:
9780191814044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689729.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Rome is a significant site in the late nineteenth-century sexological construction of modern figurations of homosexuality, although so far it has been overlooked. Although sexological discussions of ... More


The Secret Vice: Masturbation in Victorian Fiction and Medical Culture

Diane Mason

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719077142
eISBN:
9781781701089
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719077142.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This book provides a reading of both fictional and medical writings concerned with auto-erotic sexuality in the long nineteenth century. It examines the discourse on masturbation in medical works by ... More


Monogamy’s Nature: Global Sexual Science and the Secularization of Christian Marriage

Angela Willey

in Global History of Sexual Science, 1880-1960

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780520293373
eISBN:
9780520966673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520293373.003.0005
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter examines how monogamy was imagined as a facet of human nature, and thus for a secularization of Christian marriage, by reading the works of Richard von Krafft-Ebing and Havelock Ellis. ... More


1887: Dr. John Briggs Eats Some Peyote

Alexander S. Dawson

in Peyote Effect: From the Inquisition to the War on Drugs

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780520285422
eISBN:
9780520960909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520285422.003.0002
Subject:
History, Latin American History

In this chapter, we consider the moment when European and American scientists “discovered” peyote. John Briggs was one of the first Americans to write about peyote (in 1887), followed shortly by ... More


The Making of Personality

Paul A. Scolieri

in Ted Shawn: His Life, Writings, and Dances

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780199331062
eISBN:
9780190050580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199331062.003.0002
Subject:
Music, Dance, History, American

This chapter explores the formative influences on Shawn’s decision to become a professional male dancer. In particular, it examines how a serious, paralyzing illness during his adolescence led him to ... More


The ‘Lethal Chamber’ in Eugenic Thought

in Breeding Superman: Nietzsche, Race and Eugenics in Edwardian and Interwar Britain

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853239871
eISBN:
9781846312694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853239871.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

Proponents of eugenics in the period before World War I tackled the role of genetics in heredity. Caleb Williams Saleeby, one of the early founders of the Eugenics Education Society, wrote several ... More


‘Tampering with the Expected Sequence’: Heterochrony and Sex Change in Orlando

Daniel Aureliano Newman

in Modernist Life Histories: Biological Theory and The Experimental Bildungsroman

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781474439619
eISBN:
9781474459716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474439619.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter reads the fantastical sex-change and longevity in Woolf’s Orlando in relation to contemporary experiments on the genetic and developmental determination of sex, notably the concept of ... More


The Death of the Dial

James Dempsey

in The Tortured Life of Scofield Thayer

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813049267
eISBN:
9780813050096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049267.003.0021
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

The Dial in its later years remains an important magazine, publishing William Carlos Williams’, Paterson along with an appreciation by Kenneth Burke. It featured essays by T. S. Eliot, Malcolm ... More


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