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Childhood and Education

Robert Liberles

in Jewish Daily Life in Germany, 1618-1945

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195171648
eISBN:
9780199871346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171648.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter shows how knowledge of the German language among Jews increased during the course of the 18th century. By the latter part of the century, governments increasingly mandated rudimentary ... More


Rabbis, Rebbes and Other Humanists: The Search for a Usable Past in Modern Yiddish Literature

Ezra Mendelsohn

in Studies in Contemporary Jewry: XII: Literary Strategies: Jewish Texts and Contexts

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195112030
eISBN:
9780199854608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195112030.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter discusses modern Jewish literature in Eastern Europe where the rise of secular forms of Jewish self-expression coincided with the Kulturkampf between Hasidism and Haskalah. It explains ... More


A History of German Jewish Bible Translation

Abigail Gillman

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226477695
eISBN:
9780226477862
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226477862.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Between 1780 and 1937, Jews in Germany produced numerous new translations of the Hebrew Bible into German. Intended for Jews who were trilingual, reading Yiddish, Hebrew, and German, they were meant ... More


Yiddish Narrative

Jean Baumgarten

Jerold C. Frakes (ed.)

in Introduction to Old Yiddish Literature

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199276332
eISBN:
9780191699894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276332.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Religion and Literature

Prose narrative forms an important component of Old Yiddish literature. These narratives are primarily maasious, a term which designates a variety of narrative forms, from exempla (hagiographical ... More


Ex-Jew, Eternal Jew: Early Representations of the Jewish Spinoza

Daniel B. Schwartz

in The First Modern Jew: Spinoza and the History of an Image

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142913
eISBN:
9781400842261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142913.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter analyzes the “prehistory” of the Jewish rehabilitation of Spinoza, exploring how his Jewish origins figured in fashioning him into a cultural symbol among non-Jews first. It traces his ... More


The Crisis of Modernity and Jewish Responses

Reuven Firestone

in Holy War in Judaism: The Fall and Rise of a Controversial Idea

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199860302
eISBN:
9780199950621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860302.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Modernity represented a crisis for Jewish continuity since it effectively challenged the authority of the tradition that had served as the glue holding most of the Jewish people together for nearly ... More


The Organ as a Jewish Religious Response to Modernity

Tina Frühauf

in The Organ and its Music in German-Jewish Culture

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195337068
eISBN:
9780199852260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337068.003.0003
Subject:
Music, History, Western

During the early nineteenth century, many reform-minded Jews in Germany began developing ideas about a modernized worship service in line with the Jewish Enlightenment movement, called the Haskalah. ... More


The Origins of Jewish Political Economy, 1648–1848

Derek J. Penslar

in Shylock's Children: Economics and Jewish Identity in Modern Europe

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520225909
eISBN:
9780520925847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520225909.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses premodern Jewish thinking, religion, and economics, which are inextricably linked. During the heyday of rabbinic Judaism, the economic life of the Jewish community was no less ... More


Introduction

Immanuel Etkes

in The Gaon of Vilna: The Man and His Image

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520223943
eISBN:
9780520925076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223943.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This introductory chapter explains the coverage of this book, which is about Rabbi Eliyahu, the son of Shlomo Zalman, known as the Gaon of Vilna. This book provides descriptions of the Gaon written ... More


The Vilna Gaon and Haskalah

Immanuel Etkes

in The Gaon of Vilna: The Man and His Image

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520223943
eISBN:
9780520925076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223943.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter deals with the myth of the Vilna Gaon as a maskil among both proponents and opponents of Haskalah. It traces this myth as reflected in the historiography of the Haskalah movement and ... More


Jewish Anticlericalism and the Making of Modern Citizenship in the Late Enlightenment

Ari Joskowicz

in The Modernity of Others: Jewish Anti-Catholicism in Germany and France

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780804787024
eISBN:
9780804788403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804787024.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

In the late Enlightenment, Jews in Germany and France first started to engage publicly with politics in German and French. This chapter shows that from this early moment, anticlericalism and ... More


From the Russian Annexation of Pinsk until Tsar Alexander III and the Bilu Movement (1793–1880)

in The Jews of Pinsk, 1506 to 1880

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804741590
eISBN:
9780804783088
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804741590.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter traces the history of the growth and development of the Jewish community in Pinsk from 1793–1880. Topics discussed include Rabbi Avigdor's battle with the Hasidim of Pinsk and Lithuania; ... More


Conclusion Enlightenment and Emancipation:Privilege and Its Discontents

Francesca Bregoli

in Mediterranean Enlightenment: Livornese Jews, Tuscan Culture, and Eighteenth-Century Reform

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780804786508
eISBN:
9780804791595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804786508.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

This chapter draws comparative conclusions about the significance of the Livornese example. While the specificity of Enlightenment Tuscany and the system of the port of Livorno account for its ... More


Ideological Foundations

Matthias B. Lehmann

in Emissaries from the Holy Land: The Sephardic Diaspora and the Practice of Pan-Judaism in the Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780804789653
eISBN:
9780804792462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804789653.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

This chapter discusses the ideological foundations for their philanthropic operation developed by the emissaries and their supporters in printed pamphlets, sermons, and other texts. The main ... More


Introduction

Francesca Bregoli

in Mediterranean Enlightenment: Livornese Jews, Tuscan Culture, and Eighteenth-Century Reform

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780804786508
eISBN:
9780804791595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804786508.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

This chapter introduces the implications of the Livornese case for three broad fields of Jewish historiographical inquiry: the nature of Jewish acculturation; the history of the Jewish Enlightenment; ... More


The Jewish Encyclopedias

Jeremy Brown

in New Heavens and a New Earth: The Jewish Reception of Copernican Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199754793
eISBN:
9780199345083
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754793.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Towards the end of the eighteenth century two encyclopedias written in Hebrew appeared in Europe, and each contained an analysis of the Copernican model. Reshit Limmudim was written by Barukh Lindau ... More


Rabbis and Revolution: The Jews of Moravia in the Age of Emancipation

Michael Miller

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804770569
eISBN:
9780804776523
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804770569.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

The Habsburg province of Moravia straddled a complicated linguistic, cultural, and national space, where German, Slavic, and Jewish spheres overlapped, intermingled, and sometimes clashed. Situated ... More


The First Wave: Jewish Enlightenment Bibles in Yiddish and German

Abigail Gillman

in A History of German Jewish Bible Translation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226477695
eISBN:
9780226477862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226477862.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The Haskalah was a period of intense linguistic transition, and new translations of the Bible—German and Yiddish; Christian and Jewish—played a central role, above all, by rendering scripture in ... More


My Mother’s Family

Lee Shai Weissbach

in A Jewish Life on Three Continents: The Memoir of Menachem Mendel Frieden

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804783637
eISBN:
9780804786201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804783637.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

In the second chapter of his memoir, Menachem Mendel Frieden con- tinues telling about his background, this time focusing on his mother’s family. This chapter, like the preceding one, again provides ... More


More Yeshiva Studies

Lee Shai Weissbach

in A Jewish Life on Three Continents: The Memoir of Menachem Mendel Frieden

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804783637
eISBN:
9780804786201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804783637.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

In this section, Frieden recounts his study in a yeshiva in the town of Lyady. Here he provides insights into the life of late nineteenth-century yeshiva students in Eastern Europe, offering a ... More


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