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Hierarchy, Circularity, and Double Reduction

Michael E. Bratman

in Structures of Agency: Essays

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195187717
eISBN:
9780199893058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187717.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines a potential circularity in the idea that to identify with a desire is, roughly, to have a self-governing policy in favor of treating that desire as reason-providing. Without ... More


Other‐Worldly Redemption

Eleonore Stump

in Wandering in Darkness: Narrative and the Problem of Suffering

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199277421
eISBN:
9780191594298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277421.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter considers the way in which human moral wrongdoing fragments the psyche of the wrongdoer. It examines the theological doctrine of original sin and argues against attempts to show that a ... More


Willed Loneliness

Eleonore Stump

in Wandering in Darkness: Narrative and the Problem of Suffering

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199277421
eISBN:
9780191594298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277421.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter argues that closeness, union, and love come in two modes: ordinary and strenuous. To make this case, it examines the analogy of two notions of freedom of the will, the ordinary and the ... More


Three Theories of Self-Governance

Michael E. Bratman

in Structures of Agency: Essays

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195187717
eISBN:
9780199893058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187717.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter revisits the important exchange between Harry G. Frankfurt and Gary Watson concerning the psychological structures involved in significant forms of free agency. It also aims to deepen ... More


A Desire of One's Own

Michael E. Bratman

in Structures of Agency: Essays

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195187717
eISBN:
9780199893058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187717.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In his 1971 article, “Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a Person,” Harry G. Frankfurt pointed to a deep problem in the philosophy of action and sketched an attractive proposal for a solution. ... More


Complete Bullshit

G. A. Cohen

Michael Otsuka (ed.)

in Finding Oneself in the Other

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148809
eISBN:
9781400845323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148809.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter focuses on Harry Frankfurt's essay, “On Bullshit,” which the author considers to be a pioneering and brilliant discussion of a widespread but largely unexamined cultural phenomenon. It ... More


The Purpose, Definition, and Structure of Free Choice

Katherin A. Rogers

in Anselm on Freedom

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231676
eISBN:
9780191716089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231676.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, General

Free choice is the ability to keep justice, which Anselm defines as rightness of will kept for its own sake. He proposes a hierarchical analysis of free choice which prefigures the work of Harry ... More


The Nature of Love

Eleonore Stump

in Wandering in Darkness: Narrative and the Problem of Suffering

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199277421
eISBN:
9780191594298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277421.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter explores the nature of love. It begins by considering contemporary theories of love, including the responsiveness theory, the volitional theory associated with the work of Harry ... More


Caring, Aretaic Commitment, and Existential Resolve

John Davenport

in Will as Commitment and Resolve: An Existential Account of Creativity, Love, Virtue, and Happiness

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823225750
eISBN:
9780823235896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823225750.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter takes up Harry Frankfurt's innovative analysis of “caring” as a distinctively volitional phenomenon and argues that we can make sense of this claim and ... More


Reflection, Planning, and Temporally Extended Agency

Michael E. Bratman

in Structures of Agency: Essays

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195187717
eISBN:
9780199893058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187717.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Any reasonably complete theory of human action will need, in some way, to advert to our reflectiveness, planfulness, and our conception of our agency as temporally extended. This chapter explores the ... More


Deception and Related Concepts

Thomas L. Carson

in Lying and Deception: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199577415
eISBN:
9780191722813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577415.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Deception can be defined roughly as intentionally causing someone to have false beliefs, but this definition needs to be qualified to deal with certain cases, including the following. I intentionally ... More


Two More Solutions of My Own

Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski

in The Dilemma of Freedom and Foreknowledge

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195107630
eISBN:
9780199852956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195107630.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter proposes two more solutions to the dilemma of divine foreknowledge and argues that they solve both the Accidental Necessity Version of the dilemma and what is termed the Timeless ... More


The Intrinsic Value of Economic Equality

Andrei Marmor

in Law in the Age of Pluralism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195338478
eISBN:
9780199855360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195338478.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter focuses on the value of economic equality. Harry Frankfurt and Joseph Raz, among others, have argued that economic equality is not intrinsically valuable. Their argument rests on the ... More


Two Problems about Human Agency

Michael E. Bratman

in Structures of Agency: Essays

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195187717
eISBN:
9780199893058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187717.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter distinguishes agential authority from subjective normative authority, argues that a theory of strong forms of human agency needs to provide a coordinated treatment of both, and explains ... More


An Existential Objectivist Account of What Is Worth Caring About

John Davenport

in Will as Commitment and Resolve: An Existential Account of Creativity, Love, Virtue, and Happiness

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823225750
eISBN:
9780823235896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823225750.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter develops the idea that an existential conception of the will as an end-setting and motivation-sustaining capacity is compatible with moderate objectivism ... More


Responsibility for Character

Daniel C. Russell

in Practical Intelligence and the Virtues

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199565795
eISBN:
9780191721311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565795.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Phronesis involves self-construction that is responsive to reasons, so the question arises whether and how far humans are capable of self-construction. This chapter considers that question with ... More


COMPATIBILIST FREEDOM OF ACTION

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason: A dilemma in the philosophy of life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276905
eISBN:
9780191603198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276900.003.0033
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter begins by conceding Harry Frankfurt’s point that responsibility for an action does not require that we could have acted otherwise at the time in question. But it goes on to argue that it ... More


Freedom

Hilary Kornblith

in On Reflection

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199563005
eISBN:
9780191745263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563005.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Human beings, it seems, have freedom of the will. What does this amount to? Some have argued that free-willed action is nothing more than bodily behavior which is caused in a certain way by beliefs ... More


Thoughts on Love

Sari Nusseibeh

in Love and Forgiveness for a More Just World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231170222
eISBN:
9780231540124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170222.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Nusseibeh argues that our contemporary view of the political is predicated on a notion of self-love that is but another word for fear. In contrast, he suggests that because we always love what we ... More


“She but Not Herself”—Self-Alienation as Internal Division

Rahel Jaeggi

in Alienation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231151986
eISBN:
9780231537599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231151986.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines cases of internal division, in which our own impulses, desires, and actions appear alien to us and where we therefore appear to ourselves as dominated by an alien power. The ... More


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