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Reasoning, Meaning, and Mind

Gilbert Harman

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238027
eISBN:
9780191597633
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238029.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Many themes in the papers collected here are negative: there is no a priori knowledge or analytic truth; logic is not a theory of reasoning; a theory of truth conditions is not a theory of meaning; a ... More


Explaining Value: and Other Essays in Moral Philosophy

Gilbert Harman

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238041
eISBN:
9780191597626
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238045.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Considers the following questions: What accounts for the existence of basic moral disagreements? Why do most people think it is worse to injure someone than to fail to save them from injury? Where ... More


Moral Vision

Sean McKeever and Michael Ridge

in Principled Ethics: Generalism as a Regulative Ideal

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290659
eISBN:
9780191603617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290652.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Particularism is commonly associated with a moral epistemology that takes perception as a model. This chapter argues that in so far as moral judgments are made by ‘just looking’, this does nothing to ... More


The Problem of Moral Knowledge

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses the philosophies of Harman and Mackie with a view to highlighting six claims of central concern: (1) whether issues of objectivity should be raised ‘reflexively’ at the ... More


Non‐Etiological Mind‐Based Externalism

Joseph Mendola

in Anti-Externalism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534999
eISBN:
9780191715969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534999.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses externalist theories of mental content that do not involve the mediation of thought by language and in which history is not crucial. It argues that the asymmetric dependence ... More


Qualia and Sensory Content

Joseph Mendola

in Anti-Externalism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534999
eISBN:
9780191715969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534999.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the correct internalist account of perceptual experience involves four key claims, that sensory contents are qualia, that experiences of qualia are constituted in a necessary ... More


Contemporary Meta‐Ethical Alternatives: Relativism and Nihilism

C. Stephen Evans

in Kierkegaard's Ethic of Love: Divine Commands and Moral Obligations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199272174
eISBN:
9780191602061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272174.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Gilbert Harman develops a theory of moral relativism in which rightness or wrongness depends on a framework. Differences in moral frameworks reflect differences in situation, power, and status. ... More


Williams on Ought

John Broome

in Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599325
eISBN:
9780191741500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599325.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter interprets and assesses Williams's ‘“Ought” and moral obligation’, together with a later unpublished lecture of his on ‘ought’. It describes a notion of ownership for oughts. For ... More


Moral Knowledge: Pure Reason and the Law

Katerina Deligiorgi

in The Scope of Autonomy: Kant and the Morality of Freedom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199646159
eISBN:
9780191741142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646159.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Chapter 2 focuses on moral knowledge and examines the epistemic component of autonomy that supports a cognitivist, objectivist, and Kantian realist interpretation of right. The argument is set up ... More


Reality Without Reference

Donald Davidson

in Inquiries into Truth and Interpretation

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246298
eISBN:
9780191715181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246297.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Davidson replies to critics (in particular Hartry Field and Gilbert Harman) who have objected that truth theories cannot do the duty of meaning theories if they fail to elucidate the concept of ... More


Normativism

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong

in Moral Skepticisms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195187724
eISBN:
9780199786121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187725.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter covers normativism, which attempts to derive moral conclusions from normative but non-moral premises. One version refers to moral explanations, another version includes contractarianism ... More


Speculative Realism and Science Fiction

Brian Willems

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781474422697
eISBN:
9781474438629
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474422697.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A human-centred approach to the environment is leading to ecological collapse. One of the ways that speculative realism challenges anthropomorphism is by taking non-human things to be as valid ... More


Garcian Meditations: The Dialectics of Persistence in Form and Object

Jon Cogburn

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781474415910
eISBN:
9781474434942
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474415910.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Tristan Garcia holds that what makes something some thing is its resistance to reductionism, the attempt to explain it in terms of its constituents and relations to other things. For Garcia, ... More


The Purest Functionalism

William Lyons

in Approaches to Intentionality

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198752226
eISBN:
9780191695087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198752226.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

The first part of the chapter presents an outline of the functional role theory of intentionality using the works of Gilbert Harman, Thought, Meaning and Semantics and Language, Thought and ... More


Metaphysics before Physics: The Cambridge Critique of Newtonian Religious Apologetic

CATHERINE OSBORNE

in Religion and Enlightenment in Eighteenth-Century England: Theological Debate from Locke to Burke

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269427
eISBN:
9780191683640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269427.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines criticism on Newtonian religious apologetic during the English Enlightenment period and discusses the conflict between physics and metaphysics. Philosopher P.M. Harman argued ... More


Modality De Re: Objections

Alvin Plantinga

in The Nature of Necessity

Published in print:
1978
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198244141
eISBN:
9780191598241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198244142.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

I discuss three objections to essentialism. The first objection is from Gilbert Harman, who claims that because numbers can be identified or reduced to sets it follows that numbers cannot have ... More


Supervenience and Causation

Russ Shafer-Landau

in Moral Realism: A Defence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199259755
eISBN:
9780191601835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259455.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Addresses two outstanding worries about ethical non‐naturalism. The first, developed primarily by Simon Blackburn, is that this form of moral realism cannot provide an adequate account of the ... More


The Harman-lists

Julie Coleman

in A History of Cant and Slang Dictionaries: Volume I: 1567-1784

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199557097
eISBN:
9780191719875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557097.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Lexicography

This chapter discusses the word-lists published by Thomas Harman, Thomas Dekker, and S. R. All three claim to be listing the language of wandering beggars. Harman's work has a rural setting, but ... More


Translational Semantics

Ernest Lepore

in Meaning, Mind, and Matter: Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199580781
eISBN:
9780191595264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580781.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

Interpretation is distinct from translation. However, J. A. Fodor and G. Harman have challenged the claim that an interpretive truth theory for a natural language is more informative than a ... More


Telling Nonhuman Stories: ‘The secret contours of objects’

Danielle Sands

in Animal Writing: Storytelling, Selfhood and the Limits of Empathy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474439039
eISBN:
9781474476881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474439039.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter puts the novels of Jim Crace in conversation with Graham Harman’s Object-Oriented Philosophy. Beginning with a discussion of the development of OOP in contradistinction to Bruno Latour’s ... More


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