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Inventing God's Law: How the Covenant Code of the Bible Used and Revised the Laws of Hammurabi

David P. Wright

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195304756
eISBN:
9780199866830
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304756.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Most scholars believe that the numerous similarities between the Covenant Code (Exodus 20:23–23:19) and Mesopotamian law collections, especially the Laws of Hammurabi, which date to around 1750 BCE, ... More


Opportunity and Date for the Use of Hammurabi’s and Other Cuneiform Laws

David P. Wright

in Inventing God's Law: How the Covenant Code of the Bible Used and Revised the Laws of Hammurabi

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195304756
eISBN:
9780199866830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304756.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter discusses the inadequacy of other theories for explaining the similarities between the Covenant Code and the Laws of Hammurabi, including coincidence, the use of common scribal ... More


Putting Natural Law Principles into Practice

Aryeh Neier

in The International Human Rights Movement: A History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691135151
eISBN:
9781400841875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691135151.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter discusses how a number of efforts were made to promote human rights internationally over a period of almost two centuries, from the start of the antislavery movement in Britain. However, ... More


Writing, Law, and Kingship in Old Babylonian Mesopotamia

Dominique Charpin

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226101583
eISBN:
9780226101590
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226101590.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

Ancient Mesopotamia, the fertile crescent between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in what is now western Iraq and eastern Syria, is considered to be the cradle of civilization—home of the Babylonian ... More


The Civil Laws, or Mishpatim

John Van Seters

in A Law Book for the Diaspora: Revision in the Study of the Covenant Code

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195153156
eISBN:
9780199834785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195153154.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter deals with civil laws of the casuistic type most common in Near Eastern codes and one of these, having to do with the Hebrew slave (Exod 21:2–11), occurs also in both Deuteronomy and the ... More


Within the Old Testament

James Barr

in Biblical Faith and Natural Theology: The Gifford Lectures for 1991: Delivered in the University of Edinburgh

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198263760
eISBN:
9780191600395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198263767.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Follows the same trail back into the Hebrew Bible itself and examines the evidences of something like natural theology in the Psalms 104, 19, 119, in the Wisdom literature, the Prophets and the Law ... More


Of Ancient Codes

Marc Van De Mieroop

in Philosophy before the Greeks: The Pursuit of Truth in Ancient Babylonia

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157184
eISBN:
9781400874118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157184.003.0006
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter focuses on the genre of law codes in ancient Mesopotamia. Hammurabi authored—or more likely commissioned—one of the earliest surviving law codes in world history. Hammurabi’s code is ... More


Theft And Burglary

Jonathan Burnside

in God, Justice, and Society: Aspects of Law and Legality in the Bible

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199759217
eISBN:
9780199827084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759217.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter argues that the biblical laws of theft and burglary are excellent illustrations of the need to read biblical law narratively and not semantically. The biblical laws of theft take an ... More


Law

G. E. R. Lloyd

in Disciplines in the Making: Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Elites, Learning, and Innovation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199567874
eISBN:
9780191721649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567874.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Some systems of law are represented as divinely sanctioned, others are recognised as made by humans. The administration of justice is often in the hands of a learned elite, trained for the purpose, ... More


Other Biblical Texts Potentially from the Early Monarchal Period

David M. Carr

in The Formation of the Hebrew Bible: A New Reconstruction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199742608
eISBN:
9780199918737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199742608.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter examines several other potential examples of early pre-exilic material embedded in the Hebrew Bible, even if not specifically associated with David (e.g. royal psalms) or Solomon (e.g. ... More


Hammurabi and International Law

in Writing, Law, and Kingship in Old Babylonian Mesopotamia

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226101583
eISBN:
9780226101590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226101590.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter examines the Code of Hammurabi in relation to international law. It addresses three themes: the reception of foreign messengers, the law of war and the conclusion of treaties. The ... More


The Epic of Gilgamesh

Jean Bottéro

in Everyday Life in Ancient Mesopotamia

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748613878
eISBN:
9780748653584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748613878.003.0014
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

An explanation of the impressive and fascinating work of which Gilgamesh is the hero is worthwhile for more than one reason. From the last part of the third millennium, a profound change took place ... More


The Laws of Hammurabi: At the Confluence of Royal and Scribal Traditions

Pamela Barmash

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780197525401
eISBN:
9780197525432
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197525401.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

The Laws of Hammurabi is one of the earliest law codes, dating from the eighteenth century BCE Mesopotamia (ancient Iraq). It is the culmination of a tradition in which scribes would demonstrate ... More


Inconsistency in the Torah: Ancient Literary Convention and the Limits of Source Criticism

Joshua A. Berman

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190658809
eISBN:
9780190675295
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190658809.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Religion in the Ancient World

This book proposes a new approach to the Pentateuch’s narrative and legal inconsistencies that scholars have taken as signs of fragmentation and competing agendas. Recent studies of the scribal ... More


The Assyrians: Then and Now

Ramsen Shamon

in Testing the Canon of Ancient Near Eastern Art and Archaeology

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780190673161
eISBN:
9780190673192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190673161.003.0023
Subject:
Classical Studies, History of Art: pre-history, BCE to 500CE, ancient and classical, Byzantine

This chapter results from the author’s experience growing up in the Assyrian diaspora where he learned to love and appreciate his ancient heritage. He interviews Assyrians living in the United ... More


Introduction: The Historian's Task and Sources

in Writing, Law, and Kingship in Old Babylonian Mesopotamia

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226101583
eISBN:
9780226101590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226101590.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This introduction discusses the theme of this volume which is about the writing, codes of laws and kingship in Mesopotamia during the Old Babylonian period. This volume examines the question of ... More


The Status of the Code of Hammurabi

in Writing, Law, and Kingship in Old Babylonian Mesopotamia

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226101583
eISBN:
9780226101590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226101590.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter analyzes the modalities of the composition of the Code of Hammurabi and the manner it was used in Babylonia during its author's time and after. It suggests that this code clearly belongs ... More


The Suspected Adulteress

Calum Carmichael

in Sex and Religion in the Bible

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300153774
eISBN:
9780300153781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300153774.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter discusses the importance of biblical law on the suspected adulteress. It explains the reasons why the law relating to sexual adulteress has received so much attention. First, the topic ... More


Rosetta Stones and Cuneiform Tablets

Rosemary A. Joyce

in The Future of Nuclear Waste: What Art and Archaeology Can Tell Us about Securing the World's Most Hazardous Material

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780190888138
eISBN:
9780190888176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190888138.003.0006
Subject:
Archaeology, Contemporary and Public Archaeology

This chapter examines the role in the marker design of buried objects intended to be inscribed with messages. Modeled on works like the Rosetta Stone, the stele of Hammurabi, and cuneiform tablets, ... More


Beginnings

Robert L. Wears and Kathleen M. Sutcliffe

in Still Not Safe: Patient Safety and the Middle-Managing of American Medicine

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190271268
eISBN:
9780190271299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190271268.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The To Err is Human report rests upon a series of historical episodes—the early development of safety thinking in healthcare, the evolution of safety thinking in the safety sciences, and accumulating ... More


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