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Concepts in Spin Electronics

Sadamichi Maekawa (ed.)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568216
eISBN:
9780191718212
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568216.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Nowadays, information technology is based on semiconductor and ferromagnetic materials. Information processing and computation are performed using electron charge in semiconductor transistors and ... More


Magnetotransport in two-dimensional systems

Thomas Ihn

in Semiconductor Nanostructures: Quantum states and electronic transport

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199534425
eISBN:
9780191715297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534425.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses a number of quantum phenomena brought about by electronic transport at high magnetic fields. As a first step, the Shubnikov–de Haas effect is introduced. In order to understand ... More


Problems of Condensed Matter Physics: Quantum coherence phenomena in electron-hole and coupled matter-light systems

Alexei L. Ivanov and Sergei G. Tikhodeev (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199238873
eISBN:
9780191716652
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238873.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The book, which is dedicated to Prof. Leonid V. Keldysh on his 75th anniversary, is a collection of review papers written by experts in condensed matter physics such as V. M. Agranovich, B. L. ... More


Quantum Hall effects

Mark O. Goerbig

in Ultracold Gases and Quantum Information: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School in Singapore: Volume 91, July 2009

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603657
eISBN:
9780191729515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603657.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter yields an introduction to quantum Hall effects both for non-relativistic electrons in conventional two-dimensional electron gases (such as in semiconductor heterostructures) and ... More


TRANSPORT PHENOMENA IN A MAGNETIC FIELD

J. M. Ziman

in Electrons and Phonons: The Theory of Transport Phenomena in Solids

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507796
eISBN:
9780191709937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507796.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the transport properties of a solid in a magnetic field. Topics covered include the Hall effect, magnetoresistance, thermomagnetic phenomena, the method of Jones and Zener, ... More


COMPOSITE FERMIONS AND THE FRACTIONAL QUANTUM HALL EFFECT IN A TWO-DIMENSIONAL ELECTRON SYSTEM

I. V. Kukushkin, J. H. Smet, and K. von Klitzing

in Problems of Condensed Matter Physics: Quantum coherence phenomena in electron-hole and coupled matter-light systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199238873
eISBN:
9780191716652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238873.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter analyzes the fractional quantum Hall effect and composite fermions in a two-dimensional electron system. The underlying picture of a composite fermion, a quasi-particle consisting of one ... More


Spin injection and spin transport in hybrid nanostructures

S. Takahashi, H. Imamura, and S. Maekawa

in Concepts in Spin Electronics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568216
eISBN:
9780191718212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568216.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes the basics of spin injection and spin transport in magnetic nanohybrid structures. Particular emphasis is placed on the nonlocal spin transport in a spin injection and ... More


Quantum Field Theory of Many-Body Systems: From the Origin of Sound to an Origin of Light and Electrons

Xiao-Gang Wen

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199227259
eISBN:
9780191713019
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227259.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

For most of the last century, condensed matter physics has been dominated by band theory and Landau's symmetry breaking theory. In the last twenty years, however, there has been an emergence of a new ... More


DEFORMATION INSTABILITIES, POLYCRYSTALS, FLOW IN METALS WITH NANOSTRUCTURE, SUPERPOSITION OF STRENGTHENING MECHANISMS, AND TRANSITION TO CONTINUUM PLASTICITY

A. S. Argon

in Strengthening Mechanisms in Crystal Plasticity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198516002
eISBN:
9780191705717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198516002.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

The chapter starts with a consideration of processes that establish and control dynamic dislocation fluxes, their creation where they have been initially not present, often requiring over-stress ... More


Semiconductor Nanostructures: Quantum states and electronic transport

Thomas Ihn

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199534425
eISBN:
9780191715297
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534425.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book presents the physics of semiconductor nanostructures with emphasis on their electronic transport properties. At its heart are five fundamental transport phenomena: quantized conductance, ... More


SPIN AND POLARIZATION

Alexey V. Kavokin and Jeremy J. Baumberg

in Microcavities

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199228942
eISBN:
9780191711190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228942.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter recalls the selection rules for the optical transitions in semiconductors and introduces the pseudospin of an exciton-polariton. The overview of recent experiments on polarization ... More


The cat’s whiskers

John Orton

in The Story of Semiconductors

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199559107
eISBN:
9780191712975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559107.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter covers the history of semiconductors to the end of the Second World War, together with their first practical applications as wireless detectors, rectifiers, and microwave radar ... More


Low dimensional structures

John Orton

in The Story of Semiconductors

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199559107
eISBN:
9780191712975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559107.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

During the 1970s, III-V compounds and epitaxial crystal growth provided the basis for low dimensional structures (or nanostructures). The best known example is a GaAs quantum well within AlGaAs ... More


Ultracold atomic gases in ‘artificial’ gauge fields

Maciej Lewenstein, Anna Sanpera, and Verònica Ahufinger

in Ultracold Atoms in Optical Lattices: Simulating quantum many-body systems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199573127
eISBN:
9780191775048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573127.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter discusses the physics of ultracold gases in ‘artificial’ magnetic fields. The analogy between electronic systems in the presence of external magnetic fields and ultracold gases in ... More


MODERN TRENDS IN SEMICONDUCTOR SPINTRONICS

Emmanuel I. Rashba

in Problems of Condensed Matter Physics: Quantum coherence phenomena in electron-hole and coupled matter-light systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199238873
eISBN:
9780191716652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238873.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter reviews the fundamentals of semiconductor spintronics and recent developments in this field. In order to manipulate and control the electron spin, such methods as electrical spin ... More


Silicon, Silicon, and yet more Silicon

John Orton

in The Story of Semiconductors

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199559107
eISBN:
9780191712975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559107.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter describes the establishment of silicon as the dominant semiconductor in modern electronics. Not only was it the preferred material for the manufacture of integrated circuits, but also ... More


Time-Dependent Ginzburg–Landau Analysis

Nikolai B. Kopnin

in Theory of Nonequilibrium Superconductivity

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507888
eISBN:
9780191709722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507888.003.12
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter considers vortex dynamics within the frameworks of the conventional and generalized TDGL models. The forces (the Lorenz force and the force from environment) acting on a moving vortex ... More


MAGNETIC PROPERTIES OF METALS

R. E. Peierls

in Quantum Theory of Solids

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507819
eISBN:
9780191709913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507819.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter analyses the effect of magnetic fields on metals in thermal equilibrium. Topics covered include paramagnetism, diamagnetism of free electrons, effect of a periodic field, and Hall effect ... More


FLUCTUATION TRANSPORT

Anatoly Larkin and Andrei Varlamov

in Theory of Fluctuations in Superconductors

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528159
eISBN:
9780191713521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528159.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau equation is phenomenologically introduced in relation to the order parameter relaxation in quasi-stationary approximation. This is applied to the fluctuation ... More


Introduction

S. O. Valenzuela

in Spin Current

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199600380
eISBN:
9780191775062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600380.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter begins with a definition of spin Hall effects, which are a group of phenomena that result from spin–orbit interaction. These phenomena link orbital motion to spin direction and act as a ... More


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