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Jesus' Descent to the Underworld

Jeffrey A. Trumbower

in Rescue for the Dead: The Posthumous Salvation of Non-Christians in Early Christianity

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195140996
eISBN:
9780199834747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140990.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The fifth chapter categorizes various early Christian opinions on who exactly was saved during Christ's descent to the underworld or Hades, an event known in later theology as the “harrowing of ... More


Myths of the Underworld in Contemporary Culture: The Backward Gaze

Judith Fletcher

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198767091
eISBN:
9780191821288
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198767091.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Stories of a visit to the realm of the dead and a return to the upper world are among the oldest narratives in European literature, beginning with Homer’s Odyssey and extending to contemporary ... More


Chinese Rites for the Repose of the Soul, with Special Reference to Cantonese Custom: (1952)*

Marjorie Topley

Jean DeBernardi (ed.)

in Cantonese Society in Hong Kong and Singapore: Gender, Religion, Medicine and Money

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789888028146
eISBN:
9789882206663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028146.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

To the Chinese, the adaptation of the soul to its new and complex environment in hell is a matter of the primest importance. This hell is, in its administrative aspects, rather like another China ... More


Source Texts

Judith Fletcher

in Myths of the Underworld in Contemporary Culture: The Backward Gaze

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198767091
eISBN:
9780191821288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198767091.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Chapter 1 provides an overview of ancient Greek and Roman descent tales, and a synthesis of themes that they share with each other and contemporary adaptations. The focus is on the Odyssean Nekyia; ... More


Homer and the Poetics of Hades

George Alexander Gazis

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198787266
eISBN:
9780191829338
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198787266.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, Poetry and Poets: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This book examines Homer’s use of Hades as a poetic resource. By portraying Hades as a realm where vision is not possible, Homer creates a unique poetic environment where social constraints and ... More


Hades in the Iliad

George Alexander Gazis

in Homer and the Poetics of Hades

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198787266
eISBN:
9780191829338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198787266.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, Poetry and Poets: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter discusses the way in which Hades is presented in the Iliad. Although the Underworld remains remote and unreachable for the most part, its presence is always felt on the battlefield ... More


Spectral Kingdoms: Poetics and Politics of Les Enfers

Olivia Bloechl

in Opera and the Political Imaginary in Old Regime France

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226522753
eISBN:
9780226522890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226522890.003.0006
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter discusses the conventional setting of the pagan underworld ("les enfers") in tragédies en musique and explores its poetics and political significance. It finds that French librettists ... More


Extending the History of Philosophy Back to Homer: Seth Benardete’s Odyssey

Laurence Lampert

in The Enduring Importance of Leo Strauss

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226039480
eISBN:
9780226039510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226039510.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The chapter “Extending the History of Philosophy Back to Homer: Seth Benardete’s Odyssey” treats a book by Strauss’s most important follower, Seth Benardete’s The Bow and the Lyre: A Platonic Reading ... More


Para-Narratives of Return

Maureen Alden

in Para-Narratives in the Odyssey: Stories in the Frame

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780199291069
eISBN:
9780191746963
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199291069.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, Poetry and Poets: Classical, Early, and Medieval

The returns of the other heroes preface the adventures of Odysseus’ apologos, which reflect on his desire to escape from the Phaeacian court. To achieve nostos requires restraint of the heart. ... More


The Poem in the Making

M. L. West

in The Making of the Odyssey

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198718369
eISBN:
9780191787652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718369.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

The poet’s treatment of his material is here analysed. He filled out the picture of Odysseus’ family and environment; invented the journey of Telemachos as a means of sketching in the returns of ... More


Introduction

George Alexander Gazis

in Homer and the Poetics of Hades

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198787266
eISBN:
9780191829338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198787266.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, Poetry and Poets: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Readers of Homer since antiquity have noticed that the poet narrates events as if they were enacted in front of their eyes; as one ancient scholiast comments, the poetry of Homer is not only heard ... More


The Dream of Achilles

George Alexander Gazis

in Homer and the Poetics of Hades

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198787266
eISBN:
9780191829338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198787266.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, Poetry and Poets: Classical, Early, and Medieval

In this chapter, the dream scene of Iliad 23 is discussed and analysed. Following the argument about Hades’ invisibility in the Iliad, this chapter argues that Homer finds a way of bringing his ... More


The Odyssey and the ‘Poetics of Hades’

George Alexander Gazis

in Homer and the Poetics of Hades

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198787266
eISBN:
9780191829338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198787266.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, Poetry and Poets: Classical, Early, and Medieval

In this chapter the way Hades is portrayed in the Odyssey is explored. Following the discussion from Chapter 1, it is argued that Hades’ invisibility is literally spelled out in the Odyssey, bringing ... More


The ‘Nekyia’

George Alexander Gazis

in Homer and the Poetics of Hades

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198787266
eISBN:
9780191829338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198787266.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, Poetry and Poets: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter offers an analysis of the beginning of Odysseus’ Underworld journey in Odyssey 11. It follows closely the action as it develops in Odyssey 11 and it introduces the reader to the actual ... More


Conclusions

George Alexander Gazis

in Homer and the Poetics of Hades

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198787266
eISBN:
9780191829338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198787266.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, Poetry and Poets: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter offers an overview of the book’s chapters and the discussions included therein. The conclusions of each chapter are summed up and presented as the overarching argument of the book, ... More


The Ghost of the Father: Spirits of the Postmodern

Judith Fletcher

in Myths of the Underworld in Contemporary Culture: The Backward Gaze

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198767091
eISBN:
9780191821288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198767091.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Chapter 2 looks at the underworld theme in two postmodern works of fiction: John Barth’s 1968 Lost in the Funhouse, which adapts Homer’s Odyssey, and Neil Gaiman’s The Sandman comic series (1989–93), ... More


Engendering the Haunted Text

Judith Fletcher

in Myths of the Underworld in Contemporary Culture: The Backward Gaze

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198767091
eISBN:
9780191821288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198767091.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Chapter 3 explores how two feminist, postmodern novelists, A.S. Byatt and Elena Ferrante, revise a convention in which only male heroes return from Hades as storytellers. Byatt’s Angels and Insects ... More


Praise for Rescue

Matthew W. Bates

in The Birth of the Trinity: Jesus, God, and Spirit in New Testament and Early Christian Interpretations of the Old Testament

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198729563
eISBN:
9780191796432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729563.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Biblical Studies

For the earliest church, when death lashed out at the Son, they found that he spoke many things to the Father using the words of the Old Testament. Despite the cry of dereliction spoken from the ... More


Soteriology: The Tragedy and Potential of Human History

Sophie Cartwright

in The Theological Anthropology of Eustathius of Antioch

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198744559
eISBN:
9780191805813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744559.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Theology

This chapter examines Eustathius’ soteriology, partly drawing on the discussion about Adam–Christ typology in Chapter 4. Eustathius retells a common soteriological narrative that centralizes the ... More


Homer’s Odyssey

Jon Stewart

in The Emergence of Subjectivity in the Ancient and Medieval World: An Interpretation of Western Civilization

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198854357
eISBN:
9780191888632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198854357.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

Chapter 3 begins, by way of introduction, with an outline of the historical context of the Homeric poems. An account is given of the scholarly debates about their authorship and historicity. The ... More


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