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Editors' Introduction

Simon Szreter, Hania Sholkamy, and A. Dharmalingam

in Categories and Contexts: Anthropological and Historical Studies in Critical Demography

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199270576
eISBN:
9780191600883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270570.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

The chapters in this section are introduced. They demonstrate the manifold ways in which the categories used for the scientific study of population problems have each been produced through historical ... More


Situated Intervention: Sociological Experiments in Health Care

Teun Zuiderent-Jerak

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029384
eISBN:
9780262329439
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029384.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This book considers the question of how the direct involvement of social scientists in the practices they study can lead to the production of interesting sociological knowledge. It draws together two ... More


Evolution and Epistemological Pessimism

Anthony O'Hear

in Beyond Evolution: Human Nature and the Limits of Evolutionary Explanation

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250043
eISBN:
9780191598111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250045.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Science can show how our beliefs are produced by our interactions with the material world. Explaining how, e.g. we might have experiences of secondary qualities and why such experiences might be ... More


Realism in Theory Construction

Ilkka Niiniluoto

in Critical Scientific Realism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251612
eISBN:
9780191598098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251614.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Theoretical realism claims—against instrumentalism (Stegmüller), constructive empiricism (van Fraassen), entity realism (Hacking, Cartwright), and structural realism (Worrall)—that the theoretical ... More


Social Construction: The “Debunking” Project

Sally Haslanger

in Resisting Reality: Social Construction and Social Critique

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199892631
eISBN:
9780199980055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892631.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

In his book The Social Construction of What?, Ian Hacking offers a schema for understanding different social constructionist claims along with a framework for distinguishing kinds or degrees of ... More


You Mixed?: Racial Identity without Racial Biology

Sally Haslanger

in Resisting Reality: Social Construction and Social Critique

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199892631
eISBN:
9780199980055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892631.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

If racial categories are to be understood as positions in a social structure (as was argued in Chapter 7), then in principle one can be raced without incorporating that fact into one's ... More


Introduction: Exploring Intervention in the Social Sciences

Teun Zuiderent-Jerak

in Situated Intervention: Sociological Experiments in Health Care

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029384
eISBN:
9780262329439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029384.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter explores the relationship between sociologists and their fields. This relation is strongly shaped by a dual fear that runs through the history of sociology: that of either losing ... More


The Cybersecurity Dilemma: Hacking, Trust and Fear Between Nations

Ben Buchanan

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190665012
eISBN:
9780190686543
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190665012.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Why do nations break into one another's most important computer networks? There is an obvious answer: to steal valuable information or to attack. But this isn't the full story. This book draws on ... More


Material Selves: Bodies, Memory, and Autobiographical Narrating

Sidonie A. Smith

in Narrative and Consciousness: Literature, Psychology and the Brain

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195140057
eISBN:
9780199847402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140057.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

As historians like Frances A. Yates have been able to look into how memory may be conceptualized in the context of specific historical moments, we realize that a history can be attributed to memory, ... More


Media misconduct

Wacks Raymond

in Privacy and Media Freedom

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199668656
eISBN:
9780191748714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199668656.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The chapter describes the various forms of physical and technological intrusion, some of which (such as the infamous telephone hacking conducted by journalists—and which sparked the Leveson Inquiry) ... More


The Free Software Paradigm and the Hacker Ethic

Richard Stallman and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0022
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This dialogue is preceded by an introduction about Richard Stallman and the power of “code”, by Lawrence Lessing, as well as a detailed biography of Richard revised by himself. In the conversation ... More


The Social Construction of Nature

Steven Vogel

in Thinking like a Mall: Environmental Philosophy after the End of Nature

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029100
eISBN:
9780262326988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029100.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

To show something to be “socially constructed” is to show it not to be natural; in this sense there’s something paradoxical in the thesis that nature is itself socially constructed. The thesis might ... More


Hacking into the Science Museum: young trans people disrupt the power balance of gender ‘norms’ in the museum’s ‘Who Am I?’ gallery

Kayte McSweeney and Jay Stewart

in The Impact of Co-Production: From Community Engagement To Social Justice

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781447330288
eISBN:
9781447330332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447330288.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter reflects on the partnership between Gendered Intelligence and the Science Museum and highlights the importance of gender diversity in collaborative projects. It discusses how co-produced ... More


Hacking the Modern

Tarek El-Ariss

in Trials of Arab Modernity: Literary Affects and the New Political

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780823251711
eISBN:
9780823252800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823251711.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This chapter analyzes processes of hacking (ikhtirāq, tansīf) in Arabic fiction's multiple sites of production across media and cultural contexts. Focusing on Ahmed Alaidy's (b. 1974) iconoclastic ... More


Where Does the Time Go? On the Past

David Couzens Hoy

in The Time of Our Lives: A Critical History of Temporality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013048
eISBN:
9780262255226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013048.003.0029
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter discusses the past and related concepts, such as memory and the conditions for memorialization. It is often thought that once an experience moves into the past, it is over, giving the ... More


Freedom, Determinism, and Two Accounts of Laws

Steven Horst

in Laws, Mind, and Free Will

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015257
eISBN:
9780262295741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015257.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that the Empiricist account provides a direct link between laws and determinism, and that the causal account does not. The popularity of the Empiricist account of laws in the ... More


How Network Intrusions Threaten

Ben Buchanan

in The Cybersecurity Dilemma: Hacking, Trust and Fear Between Nations

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190665012
eISBN:
9780190686543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190665012.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter shows how any network intrusion into a strategically-important network is threatening. Hacking is thus a key part of international relations. This is true regardless of whether or not ... More


Social Construction as Social Significance

Ásta

in Categories We Live By: The Construction of Sex, Gender, Race, and Other Social Categories

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190256791
eISBN:
9780190256821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190256791.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Various ways in which a category of people can be said to be socially constructed is discussed before a conception of social construction that can underwrite the project of offering a metaphysics of ... More


‘Imaginary Work’: Opportunity in Lucrece and in King Lear

Lorna Hutson

in Circumstantial Shakespeare

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199657100
eISBN:
9780191808692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657100.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies, Drama

This chapter makes important distinctions between pre- and post-eighteenth-century uses of the terminology of ‘circumstances’, ‘proof’, and ‘probability’. It shows that prehistories of probability ... More


Epilogue

Aitor Anduaga

in Geophysics, Realism, and Industry: How Commercial Interests Shaped Geophysical Conceptions, 1900–1960

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198755159
eISBN:
9780191816529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198755159.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

What do the histories of the ionosphere and the Earth’s crust have in common? Ionospheric physics and crustal seismology have parallels and dissimilarities. The epilogue explores these points of ... More


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