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Perspective

Eileen Stillwaggon

in AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195169270
eISBN:
9780199783427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169271.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter discusses the modes of transmission, worldwide distribution, and environmental conditions necessary for the spread of HIV. It explains the epidemiological framework for understanding ... More


Sub-Saharan Africa: Fertile Terrain

Eileen Stillwaggon

in AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195169270
eISBN:
9780199783427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169271.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter examines the economic and health variables that distinguish sub-Saharan Africa from affluent countries which have lower rates of HIV. It shows the biomedical effects of economic ... More


The evolving HIV pandemic

Catherine A Hankins, Karen A Stanecki, Peter D Ghys, and Hein Marais

in The HIV Pandemic: Local and Global Implications

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199237401
eISBN:
9780191723957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237401.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the pandemic by region, highlighting the changing dynamics of HIV transmission and the diverse patterns of infection found worldwide. The epidemic remains extremely dynamic, ... More


Biological Synergies and Disease

Eileen Stillwaggon

in AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195169270
eISBN:
9780199783427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169271.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter brings together the results of numerous scientific studies on the biology of immune function and disease. It presents the biomedical evidence that malnutrition and parasite infection ... More


Cost-effectiveness of HIV/AIDS Interventions

Markus Haacker

in The Economics of the Global Response to HIV/AIDS

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198718048
eISBN:
9780191787461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718048.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The chapter develops a forward-looking analysis of the cost-effectiveness of HIV prevention interventions, taking into account HIV transmission dynamics and spending commitments implied by new HIV ... More


Puerto Rican Heterosexual Serodiscordant Couples: Cultural Challenges for Healthy Dyads 1

Sheilla Rodríguez-Madera and Nelson Varas-Díaz

in HIV Prevention with Latinos: Theory, Research, and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199764303
eISBN:
9780199950232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764303.003.0013
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

One of the most taxing issues in the prevention of heterosexual transmission of HIV in Puerto Rico is culture itself. Researchers point to the need to change cultural norms related to gender and ... More


Feeding Strategies for Children of HIV-Infected Mothers: Modeling the Trade-Off Between HIV Infection and Non-HIV Mortality

James G. Kahn, Elliot Marseille, and Joseph Saba

in Quantitative Evaluation of HIV Prevention Programs

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300087512
eISBN:
9780300128222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300087512.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter assesses the risk of HIV transmission in several infant feeding strategies. It presents a model of the trade-off between preventing maternal-infant HIV transmission and increasing ... More


Methadone Treatment as HIV Prevention: Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Harold Pollack

in Quantitative Evaluation of HIV Prevention Programs

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300087512
eISBN:
9780300128222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300087512.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter examines the overall cost-effectiveness of methadone treatment for injection drug users (IDUS) as an HIV prevention measure. It begins by reviewing several studies that document the ... More


HIV/AIDS

Gabi Brogan and Rob George

in Palliative Care for Non-cancer Patients

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192629609
eISBN:
9780191730054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192629609.003.0012
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter focuses on the care of people with HIV/AIDS in the UK, and assumes that, for the foreseeable future, AIDS will be fatal and HIV will be transmissible only through certain body fluids or ... More


From Biology to Policy: Ethical and Economic Issues in HIV Treatment-as-Prevention

Till Bärnighausen and Max Essex

in Identified versus Statistical Lives: An Interdisciplinary Perspective

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780190217471
eISBN:
9780190217488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190217471.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

HIV antiretroviral treatment (ART) can prevent the onward transmission of HIV. This prevention potential of treatment raises several ethical and economic questions. How and how strongly should ... More


Epidemics

Ricard Solé and Santiago F. Elena

in Viruses as Complex Adaptive Systems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691158846
eISBN:
9780691185118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158846.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

It has been argued that epidemics have played a major role in human history. For example, the arrival of the British in Australia triggered a deadly wave of smallpox infections, with the estimated ... More


Massacre of the Innocents: Representing Childhood in the Age of Aids

Didier Fassin

in Humanitarian Reason: A Moral History of the Present

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520271166
eISBN:
9780520950481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520271166.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter focuses on the three different problems faced by the children in South Africa which include the increasing prevalence of AIDS and transmission of HIV virus from mother-to-child, the ... More


Estimation of Vaccine Efficacy for Prophylactic HIV Vaccines

Ira M. Longini Jr., Michael G. Hudgens, and M. Elizabeth Halloran

in Quantitative Evaluation of HIV Prevention Programs

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300087512
eISBN:
9780300128222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300087512.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter proposes a research design for estimating the protective effects of prophylactic vaccines. Following the structure of the HIV vaccine trial of the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration ... More


Fitting Condoms on Culture: Rethinking Approaches to HIV Prevention in the Trobriand Islands, Papua New Guinea

Katherine Lepani

in Making Sense of AIDS: Culture, Sexuality, and Power in Melanesia

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824831936
eISBN:
9780824869229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824831936.003.0014
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This concluding chapter discusses how the concept of culture is used in communication about HIV risk and prevention, and looks specifically at how Trobrianders' conceptual engagement with HIV and ... More


AIDS, Culture, and Africa

Douglas A. Feldman (ed.)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032535
eISBN:
9780813039305
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032535.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Ethical Issues and Debates

Too often, approaches to dealing with the problems posed by the spread of HIV have been one dimensional, with the assumption that what works in one place will work in another. This book includes ... More


Making Sense of AIDS: Culture, Sexuality, and Power in Melanesia

Leslie Butt and Richard Eves (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824831936
eISBN:
9780824869229
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824831936.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

In Melanesia, rates of HIV infection are among the highest in the Pacific and increasing rapidly, with grave humanitarian, development, and political implications. There is a great need for social ... More


“It’s Mutual Attraction”: Transvestites and the Risk of HIV Transmission in Urban Papua

Jack Morin

in Making Sense of AIDS: Culture, Sexuality, and Power in Melanesia

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824831936
eISBN:
9780824869229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824831936.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter focuses on Papuan waria—men who dress as women and identify themselves as women—and their risk of HIV transmission. The prevalence of violence and coercion in the lives of waria brings ... More


Down-Low Genealogies

C. Riley Snorton

in Nobody Is Supposed to Know: Black Sexuality on the Down Low

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816677962
eISBN:
9781452948010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816677962.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter examines a series of discursive events that produce a shared grammar for a national viewing public to accept the down low—a phenomenon in which black men engage in sex with both men and ... More


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