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Should Rapid Tests for Hiv Infection Now Be Mandatory During Pregnancy or In Labor?

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Since testing for HIV became possible in 1985, the testing of pregnant women has been primarily voluntary, “opt-in,” but there have been repeated predictions that with the development of more ... More


Confidentiality, Testing, and Reproductive Choice

Theodore J. Stein

in The Social Welfare of Women and Children with HIV and AIDS: Legal Protections, Policy, and Programs

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195109429
eISBN:
9780199865772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195109429.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter focuses on the issue of HIV testing. The chapter is divided into four parts. Part I reviews the issues that gave rise to laws addressing confidentiality and testing for HIV and AIDS. ... More


AIDS Counseling for Low-Risk Clients

Gerd Gigerenzer

in Adaptive Thinking: Rationality in the Real World

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195153729
eISBN:
9780199849222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195153729.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The discrepancy between what clients believe a positive HIV test means and what it actually does mean seems to have cost human lives in addition to the toll the disease itself has taken. One of the ... More


HIV Risk and Prevention for Latinos in Jails and Prisons

Megan Comfort, Carmen Albizu-García, Timoteo Rodriguez, and Carlos Molina III

in HIV Prevention with Latinos: Theory, Research, and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199764303
eISBN:
9780199950232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764303.003.0012
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Literature has developed on how correctional environments contribute to HIV risk for people while they are behind bars and after they are released, and for people who are not incarcerated but ... More


Enter HIV: Disease, Diagnosis, and Devastation in the Pre-ART Era

Perry N. Halkitis

in The AIDS Generation: Stories of Survival and Resilience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199944972
eISBN:
9780199352470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199944972.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

A review of the literature on the identification of the HIV-1 virus, the development of HIV antibody testing for screening shortly thereafter and the detection of clinical disease prior to viral ... More


Making Marriages Last: Trust is Good, But Credible Information Is Better

Rebecca L. Thornton and Hans-Peter Kohler

in Towards Gender Equity in Development

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198829591
eISBN:
9780191868115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829591.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Economists have examined investments under uncertainty in a variety of contexts. Becker et al. applied the idea to marriage and divorce, suggesting that an increased likelihood of separation or ... More


Developing HIV Behavioral Interventions for Men Who Have Sex with Men: Comparing Experiences from the United States and Australia

Mary Spink Neumann, Jeffrey H. Herbst, and Carolyn A. Guenther-Grey

in AIDS, Culture, and Gay Men

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034317
eISBN:
9780813039312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034317.003.0011
Subject:
Society and Culture, Social Groups

The histories of the AIDS epidemic in the United States and Australia started similarly, with HIV infection concentrated among men who have sex with men (MSM). Gay communities in both countries ... More


Gendered Responses to Living With AIDS: Case Studies in Rwanda

Ruth Kornfield and Stella Babalola

in AIDS, Culture, and Africa

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032535
eISBN:
9780813039305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032535.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Ethical Issues and Debates

This chapter examines how HIV-positive men and women in Rwanda delay HIV testing and continue to practice unprotected sex long after their diagnoses. The findings reveal that some HIV-positive women ... More


HIV Prevention Among Adolescents: What Have We Learned and Where Are We?

Audrey Pettifor and Hamsa Subramaniam

in Handbook of Adolescent Development Research and Its Impact on Global Policy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780190847128
eISBN:
9780190847159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190847128.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines the latest information on HIV prevention among adolescents globally. An estimated 5.4 million young people aged 15–24 are living with HIV, accounting for 15% of the total burden ... More


Disclosing HIV

Andrew E. Stoner

in The Journalist of Castro Street: The Life of Randy Shilts

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780252042485
eISBN:
9780252051326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042485.003.0014
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gay and Lesbian Studies

Shilts makes the decision to publicly disclose for the first time that he is HIV positive. Shilts’s growing health struggles come quickly as he is then diagnosed as having AIDS. Shilts views as ... More


Journalist versus Advocate

Andrew E. Stoner

in The Journalist of Castro Street: The Life of Randy Shilts

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780252042485
eISBN:
9780252051326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042485.003.0015
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gay and Lesbian Studies

Shilts begins to offer his first writing at length about the experience of lesbian women via “Conduct Unbecoming.” Shilts’s new book further unpacks cultural beliefs about the roles of men and women ... More


Unfinished Work

Andrew E. Stoner

in The Journalist of Castro Street: The Life of Randy Shilts

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780252042485
eISBN:
9780252051326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042485.003.0016
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gay and Lesbian Studies

One of Shilts’s last interviews, with Steve Kroft from CBS’ 60 Minutes, considers his breakthrough role as a gay journalist. Shilts’s future plans for a book about alleged sexual abuse inside the ... More


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