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A Decade of HAART: The Development and Global Impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

José M. Zuniga, Alan Whiteside, Amin Ghaziani, and John G. Bartlett (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199225859
eISBN:
9780191723834
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225859.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is a therapeutic intervention developed by clinicians and researchers in order to fight the HIV pandemic. It has contributed to a significant reduction in ... More


Pediatric Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Elizabeth J. Willen and Anai Cuadra

in Cognitive and Behavioral Abnormalities of Pediatric Diseases

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195342680
eISBN:
9780197562598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195342680.003.0035
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Of the approximately 33.2 million people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) globally, ... More


Costa Rica

Jessica Salas Martínez and Ignacio Salom Echeverria

in The HIV Pandemic: Local and Global Implications

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199237401
eISBN:
9780191723957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237401.003.0030
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews Costa Rica's response to its HIV epidemic. The country's most important achievement in dealing with the epidemic thus far has been ensuring access to affordable antiretroviral ... More


France

Yves-Antoine Flori, Céline Moty, Edith Patouillard, François Dabis, and Roger Salamon

in The HIV Pandemic: Local and Global Implications

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199237401
eISBN:
9780191723957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237401.003.0031
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews France's response to its HIV epidemic. France's response to HIV involved many actors including those from government, non-government organizations, clinicians, and social ... More


Country review: United States of America

Renslow Sherer

in A Decade of HAART: The Development and Global Impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199225859
eISBN:
9780191723834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225859.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter considers selected aspects of the first decade of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in the United States. It begins with a review of the epidemiology and the scientific ... More


US Cohorts review: The HIV Outpatient Study (HOPS) and the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS)

Frank J. Palella, Anne C. Moorman, John T. Brooks (HOPS), John Phair, Lisa Jacobson, Roger Detels, Joseph Margolick, and Charles Rinaldo (MACS)

in A Decade of HAART: The Development and Global Impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199225859
eISBN:
9780191723834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225859.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents an overview of HIV Outpatient Study (HOPS) and Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS). HOPS is a prospective observational cohort study that was initiated in 1993 by the US ... More


The French Hospital Database on HIV (FHDH) ANRS CO 4

Dominique Costagliola

in A Decade of HAART: The Development and Global Impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199225859
eISBN:
9780191723834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225859.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a description of the French Hospital Database on HIV (FHDH). The FHDH was created in 1992 in order to collect clinical information on HIV-infected patients managed in ... More


Country review: Brazil

Celso Ferreira Ramos-Filho and Cledy Eliana dos Santos

in A Decade of HAART: The Development and Global Impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199225859
eISBN:
9780191723834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225859.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a description of the epidemiology of AIDS and HIV in Brazil. It then discusses treatment, results of free access to antiretroviral drugs, co-infection, and prevention. The ... More


Country review: China

Zhang Fu-Jie, Ray Y. Chen, Selina N. Lo, and Ma Ye

in A Decade of HAART: The Development and Global Impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199225859
eISBN:
9780191723834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225859.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a description of the epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in China. It then outlines the history and evolution of the Chinese government's response, the achievements of the national ... More


Country review: Thailand

Praphan Phanuphak, Sanchai Chasombat, and Jintanat Ananworanich

in A Decade of HAART: The Development and Global Impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199225859
eISBN:
9780191723834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225859.003.0019
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a description of the epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in Thailand. It then discusses the early use of antiretrovirals, early use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), ... More


The HIV Netherlands-Australia-Thailand research collaboration (HIV-NAT)

Kiat Ruxrungtham

in A Decade of HAART: The Development and Global Impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199225859
eISBN:
9780191723834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225859.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the HIV Netherlands-Australia-Thailand Research Collaboration (HIV-NAT). HIV-NAT is an HIV-related clinical trials research centre under the aegis of the Thai Red Cross AIDS ... More


Country review: Senegal

Papa Salif Sow

in A Decade of HAART: The Development and Global Impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199225859
eISBN:
9780191723834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225859.003.0024
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a description of the epidemiology of HIV in Senegal. It then discusses the response to HIV, treatment of opportunistic infections, and antiretroviral therapy (ART). It argues ... More


Country review: Zambia

Moses Sinkala and Benjamin H. Chi

in A Decade of HAART: The Development and Global Impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199225859
eISBN:
9780191723834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225859.003.0025
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the implementation and rapid scale-up of antiretroviral therapy (ART) services in Zambia, and reports early patient outcomes from a large programmatic cohort. Although the ... More


Closing the gap in the next decade of HAART: one world, one standard

Peter Piot, Julian Fleet, and Siddharth Dube

in A Decade of HAART: The Development and Global Impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199225859
eISBN:
9780191723834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225859.003.0029
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a vision of the outcomes that must be achieved in the next decade of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). It argues that the massive efforts and investments needed to ... More


Introduction

José M. Zuniga, Alan Whiteside, Amin Ghaziani, and John G. Bartlett

in A Decade of HAART: The Development and Global Impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199225859
eISBN:
9780191723834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225859.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a brief history of the emergence of AIDS and HIV. It then discusses the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). It argues that in twenty-five years since the ... More


A world ravaged by a disease without HAART

José M. Zuniga and Amin Ghaziani

in A Decade of HAART: The Development and Global Impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199225859
eISBN:
9780191723834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225859.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a recollection of the early days of HIV and AIDS, prior to the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). It chronicles the so-called ‘dark ages’ of HIV/AIDS ... More


Turning the world on its ear: defining milestones on the road to HAART

Michel D. Kazatchkine and Lieve Fransen

in A Decade of HAART: The Development and Global Impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199225859
eISBN:
9780191723834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225859.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter looks back at some of the milestones on the road to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in the developed and developing world, recognizing the remarkable progress that has been ... More


The outcome and impact of 10 years of HAART

Eduard J. Beck and Rochelle P. Walensky

in A Decade of HAART: The Development and Global Impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199225859
eISBN:
9780191723834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225859.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on the impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Topics discussed include the HIV pandemic, evolution of the antiretroviral therapy, global response to the ... More


HAART in HIV-infected children: one decade later

Arry Dieudonne, James A. McIntyre, Federica Fregonese, Carlo Giaquinto, and James M. Oleske

in A Decade of HAART: The Development and Global Impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199225859
eISBN:
9780191723834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225859.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides an overview of paediatric HIV management in the population entering adulthood after a decade of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Topics discussed include prevention ... More


Country review: Australia

Kathleen Glenday, Kathy Petoumenos, Matthew G. Law, and David A. Cooper

in A Decade of HAART: The Development and Global Impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199225859
eISBN:
9780191723834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225859.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses HIV in Australia. Topics covered include epidemiology of HIV infection in Australia, primary and newly diagnosed HIV infection in Australia, treatment strategies during the era ... More


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