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Guru Nanak’s Life and Legacy: An appraisal *

Gurinder Singh Mann

in Punjab Reconsidered: History, Culture, and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198078012
eISBN:
9780199080984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198078012.003.0030
Subject:
History, Indian History

Taking W.H. McLeod’s Guru Nanak and the Sikh Religion as a point of departure, this chapter critiques the presentation of Guru Nanak as a mystic seeking human liberation that has dominated the ... More


The Teachings of Guru Arjan

Pashaura Singh

in Life and Work of Guru Arjan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195679212
eISBN:
9780199080687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195679212.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

Guru Arjan's numerous works in the Adi Granth offer clues about his teachings. His most important work is Sukhmani (‘The Pearl of Peace’ or ‘Peace of Mind’), a lengthy composition that focuses on the ... More


The Gurmukh Panth: Guru Nanak

J.S. Grewal

in History, Literature, and Identity: Four Centuries of Sikh Tradition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070740
eISBN:
9780199080427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070740.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

This chapter examines Guru Nanak’s compositions, Japu and Asa di Var, in which he comments on the political, social, and religious environment of his times and proclaims a set of interrelated ideas ... More


A Survey of Early Manuscripts

Pashaura Singh

in The Guru Granth Sahib: Canon, Meaning and Authority

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195663341
eISBN:
9780199080694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195663341.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

The compilation of the Adi Granth apparently commenced much earlier than generally assumed and continued throughout Guru Arjan's period of guruship. Guru Nanak probably prepared a pothi of his own ... More


Textual Analysis

Pashaura Singh

in The Guru Granth Sahib: Canon, Meaning and Authority

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195663341
eISBN:
9780199080694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195663341.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

This chapter describes the use of textual analysis to reconstruct the history of the Adi Granth by focusing on how the text came into being. It also examines the editing and recasting of certain ... More


Crystallization of a Religious Tradition: The Sikh Panth

Pashaura Singh

in Life and Work of Guru Arjan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195679212
eISBN:
9780199080687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195679212.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

Wilfred Cantwell Smith argues that it is somehow incorrect to refer to Guru Nanak as ‘the founder of Sikhism’. This chapter shows that the pattern of development and consolidation of the Sikh Panth ... More


The Guru Granth Sahib: Canon, Meaning and Authority

Pashaura Singh

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195663341
eISBN:
9780199080694
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195663341.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

This book examines three closely related questions in the process of canon formation in the Sikh tradition: how the text of the Adi Granth came into being, the meaning of gurbani, and how the Adi ... More


Status of the Bhagat Bani

Pashaura Singh

in The Bhagats of the Guru Granth Sahib: Sikh Self-Definition and the Bhagat Bani

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195662696
eISBN:
9780199080717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195662696.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

This chapter identifies two principal forces that raise the question of the status of the Bhagat Bani in the Sikh scripture from time to time, and lead to various responses from within the larger ... More


The ‘House of Nanak’—An Expression of Divine Grace: Guru Ram Das

J.S. Grewal

in History, Literature, and Identity: Four Centuries of Sikh Tradition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070740
eISBN:
9780199080427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070740.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

Guru Ram Das’s bānī is incorporated in the Gurū Granth Sāhib in thirty Rāgs, in addition to the Rahirās and the Kīrtan Sohilā. His composition contains metaphors and similes, many of which relate to ... More


The Sikh Faith and the Khalsa Panth: Chhibber’s Bansāvalīnāma

J.S. Grewal

in History, Literature, and Identity: Four Centuries of Sikh Tradition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070740
eISBN:
9780199080427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070740.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

According to Rattan Singh Jaggi, there are two opposing evaluations of Bansāvalīnāma Dasān Pātshāhīan Kā written by Kesar Singh Chhibber: one based on extreme scepticism and the other which borders ... More


A Pure and Distinct Panth: Bhai Gurdas

J.S. Grewal

in History, Literature, and Identity: Four Centuries of Sikh Tradition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070740
eISBN:
9780199080427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070740.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

Born around 1550, Bhai Gurdas became a loyal supporter of Guru Hargobind following the martyrdom of Guru Arjan. Among his works, Bhai Gurdas composed six shaloks in Sanskrit which are found in Bhai ... More


Introduction

Pashaura Singh

in The Guru Granth Sahib: Canon, Meaning and Authority

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195663341
eISBN:
9780199080694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195663341.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

This book analyses various issues related to scripture from the Sikh perspective, focusing on the Adi Granth, the sacred scripture of the Sikh community. Among the Sikhs, the Adi Granth is widely ... More


Sikh History

Doris R. Jakobsh

in Sikhism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824835330
eISBN:
9780824870669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824835330.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter turns to the history of Sikhism. It begins with a discussion on the complexities of writing the history of a religious community and presents its history in the form of anecdotes of key ... More


In the Master’s Footsteps: The Shaloks of Guru Angad

J.S. Grewal

in History, Literature, and Identity: Four Centuries of Sikh Tradition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070740
eISBN:
9780199080427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070740.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

In the Gurū Granth Sāhib, Guru Angad only has sixty-three shaloks, thirty-two of which are integrated with the Vārs of Guru Nanak. Sahib Singh also includes the shalok at the end of the Japu in the ... More


‘Except the True Name, I Have No Miracle’: Modern Sikh Understandings of the Miraculous

Susan E. Prill

in Sikhism in Global Context

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198075547
eISBN:
9780199082056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198075547.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

This chapter explores Sikh understandings of the miraculous, and the problematic nature of their status in the mind of the modern Sikh. The most commonly accepted miracle stories concern the life of ... More


‘Sacred’ City and the ‘Divine Court’: the Darbar Sahib

Pashaura Singh

in Life and Work of Guru Arjan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195679212
eISBN:
9780199080687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195679212.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

The Harimandir Sahib, also known as Darbar Sahib or ‘the Divine Court’, is the central place of Sikh worship and conveys the sense of majesty that emanates from the entire temple complex. The ... More


An Exclusive Path for the Kaliyuga: Guru Amar Das

J.S. Grewal

in History, Literature, and Identity: Four Centuries of Sikh Tradition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070740
eISBN:
9780199080427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070740.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

In Guru Amar Das’s compositions, God is uncompromisingly one who created himself and no other. In his writings, Guru Amar Das often refers to two attributes of God: his omnipotence expressed in his ... More


The Development of the Early Sikh Tradition: A Gender Perspective

Doris R. Jakobsh

in Relocating Gender in Sikh History

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195679199
eISBN:
9780199081950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195679199.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

This chapter describes gender construction in the Sikh tradition from the fifteenth to the early eighteenth century. While Guru Nanak grieved the rape of women during the time of Babur, he did not ... More


Birth of Sikhism

Khushwant Singh

in A History of the Sikhs: Volume 1: 1469-1838

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195673081
eISBN:
9780199080601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195673081.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

This chapter looks at the birth of Sikhism, which is a combination of Islam and Hinduism. However it is also noted that Sikhism has several features that do not resemble either Islam or Hinduism. ... More


Situating the Guru in Indian History

Pashaura Singh

in Life and Work of Guru Arjan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195679212
eISBN:
9780199080687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195679212.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

This chapter focuses on Guru Arjan and his place in Indian history. It traces the historical origins of the Sikh tradition and looks at the social and political milieu of Guru Nanak's early life. It ... More


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