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The Life of Guru Gobind Singh (1666–1708) and the History of the Dasam Granth

Robin Rinehart

in Debating the Dasam Granth

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755066
eISBN:
9780199895182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755066.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

This chapter provides a brief account of the life of Guru Gobind Singh, an introduction to each composition within the Dasam Granth, a summary of what is known about the history of the text, a ... More


The Sikh Faith and the Khalsa Panth: Chhibber’s Bansāvalīnāma

J.S. Grewal

in History, Literature, and Identity: Four Centuries of Sikh Tradition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070740
eISBN:
9780199080427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070740.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

According to Rattan Singh Jaggi, there are two opposing evaluations of Bansāvalīnāma Dasān Pātshāhīan Kā written by Kesar Singh Chhibber: one based on extreme scepticism and the other which borders ... More


Early Narratives of the Last Guru and the Creation of the Khalsa

Purnima Dhavan

in When Sparrows Became Hawks: The Making of the Sikh Warrior Tradition, 1699-1799

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199756551
eISBN:
9780199918881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756551.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

The two earliest surviving narratives of the life of Guru Gobind Singh—Bachitra Natak and the poet Sainapati's Gursobha—have conflicting ideas of Sikh dharam (righteous conduct). Bachitra Natak both ... More


The Guru-Khalsa: Sainapat’s Srī Gur Sobhā

J.S. Grewal

in History, Literature, and Identity: Four Centuries of Sikh Tradition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070740
eISBN:
9780199080427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070740.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

In Srī Gur Sobhā, Sainapat focuses on the Khalsa of Guru Gobind Singh and chronicles the battles and expeditions based on the Bachittar Nātak. In his account of the Khalsa, Sainapat declared that the ... More


The History of the Ẓafar-nāmah of Guru Gobind Singh

Louis E. Fenech

in Punjab Reconsidered: History, Culture, and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198078012
eISBN:
9780199080984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198078012.003.0025
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter focusses upon one of the most intriguing documents attributed to the tenth Sikh guru, Guru Gobind Singh, the Zafar-namah or Epistle of Victory. Written, apparently, as a response to the ... More


Devotion and Its Discontents: The Affective Communities of Gurbilas Texts

Purnima Dhavan

in When Sparrows Became Hawks: The Making of the Sikh Warrior Tradition, 1699-1799

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199756551
eISBN:
9780199918881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756551.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

The gurbilas hagiographical genre became the medium through which disparate heterodox groups expressed devotion to the last Guru, without necessarily becoming Khalsa Sikhs. Gurbilas texts often ... More


Compilation of the Dasam Graṅth

Kamalroop Singh and Gurinder Singh Mann

in The Graṅth of Guru Gobind Singh: Essays, Lectures, and Translations

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780199458974
eISBN:
9780199086320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199458974.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

The chapter examines the transmission of the Dasam Graṅth (DG), a subject seldom considered in Sikh studies. Considering the available historical evidence, the chapter dissects the compilation myths ... More


Introduction: The Cherished Five, Guru Gobind Singh, and the Khalsa

Louis E. Fenech

in The Cherished Five in Sikh History

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780197532843
eISBN:
9780197532874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197532843.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Sikhism

This chapter introduces readers to the Sikh institution of the Cherished Five and their role in Sikh ritual and tradition today. It also relays the normative versions of the origin story of the ... More


When Sparrows Became Hawks: The Making of the Sikh Warrior Tradition, 1699-1799

Purnima Dhavan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199756551
eISBN:
9780199918881
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756551.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

This study interrogates the dominant historiography about the origins and early history of the Sikh warrior community, the Khalsa. Contrary to the commonly accepted belief that the distinctive ... More


Sovereignty of the Third Panth: Bhangu’s Gurū-Panth Prakāsh

J.S. Grewal

in History, Literature, and Identity: Four Centuries of Sikh Tradition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070740
eISBN:
9780199080427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070740.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

Gurū Panth Prakāsh, finalized by Ratan Singh Bhangu in 1841, deals with the true source of Sikh sovereignty. Bhangu links the issue of sovereignty with the creation of the ... More


Declaration of ‘Righteous War’: The Bachittar Nātak

J.S. Grewal

in History, Literature, and Identity: Four Centuries of Sikh Tradition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070740
eISBN:
9780199080427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070740.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

In the Bachittar Nātak, Guru Gobind Singh declared his irrevocable commitment to righteous war. The Bachittar Nātak contains Guru Gobind Singh’s conception of God, religious dispensations before the ... More


The Sikh Ẓafar-nāmah of Guru Gobind Singh: A Discursive Blade in the Heart of the Mughal Empire

Louis E. Fenech

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199931439
eISBN:
9780199980604
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199931439.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

This book deals with one of the only Persian compositions attributed to the tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh (1666–1708), the Ẓafar-nāmah or “Epistle of Victory.” Written as a masnavi or Persian ... More


Ouster from Anandpur (1699–1704)

J.S. Grewal

in Guru Gobind Singh (1666-1708): Master of the White Hawk

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780199494941
eISBN:
9780190990398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199494941.003.0008
Subject:
History, Indian History

An important result of the institution of the Khalsa was escalation of tension. The hill chiefs did not want Guru Gobind Singh to stay at Anandpur on his own terms. In the first battle of Anandpur ... More


Introduction: The Origins of the Khalsa

Purnima Dhavan

in When Sparrows Became Hawks: The Making of the Sikh Warrior Tradition, 1699-1799

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199756551
eISBN:
9780199918881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756551.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

This chapter questions the conventional understanding of the creation of the Khalsa warrior community. The argument that Khalsa culture and practices emerged fully formed during the lifetime of Guru ... More


The Previous Lives of the Precious Five

Louis E. Fenech

in The Cherished Five in Sikh History

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780197532843
eISBN:
9780197532874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197532843.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Sikhism

This chapter focuses specifically on the karmic component of the earliest narratives of the Cherished Five. In these narratives, all five Sikh volunteers are claimed to be incarnations of previous ... More


The Number and Names of the Much-Loved Five

Louis E. Fenech

in The Cherished Five in Sikh History

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780197532843
eISBN:
9780197532874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197532843.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Sikhism

This chapter examines two facets of the Panj Piare narrative: the actual number and the names of the Panj Piare. The earliest evidence is very unclear in regard to these two well-known features of ... More


The Graṅth of Guru Gobind Singh: Essays, Lectures, and Translations

Kamalroop Singh and Gurinder Singh Mann

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780199458974
eISBN:
9780199086320
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199458974.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

The book offers new insights into the secondary scripture of the Sikhs, Dasam Patshah ka Graṅth or the Graṅth of Guru Gobind Singh. The scripture has in recent times adopted the name of Dasam Graṅth ... More


The “Wondrous Drama” of Guru Gobind Singh

Robin Rinehart

in Debating the Dasam Granth

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755066
eISBN:
9780199895182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755066.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

This chapter describes and analyzes the Dasam Granth composition Bachitra Natak, or “The Wondrous Drama,” an autobiographical narrative of Guru Gobind Singh's early life. The chapter addresses the ... More


An Idea of Religion: Identity, difference, and comparison in the gurbilās

Anne Murphy

in Punjab Reconsidered: History, Culture, and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198078012
eISBN:
9780199080984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198078012.003.0028
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter explores one exemplary portrayal of the death of the ninth guru of the Sikh tradition, Guru Tegh Bahadur, in the mid- to late-eighteenth century account of the life of the tenth guru, ... More


To Be a Sikh King

Priya Atwal

in Royals and Rebels: The Rise and Fall of the Sikh Empire

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780197548318
eISBN:
9780197554593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197548318.003.0002
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter provides a sense of the political, cultural and intellectual context in which Ranjit Singh was able to claim the title of ‘Maharajah’. It examines the development of ‘Sikh’ ideas about ... More


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