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Homies and Hermanos: God and Gangs in Central America

Robert Brenneman

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199753840
eISBN:
9780199918836
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753840.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Central American transnational youth gangs such as the Mara Salvatrucha and the Eighteenth Street gang promote a hyper-machismo that idealizes violent, risk-prone codes of conduct and lifelong ... More


War, Peace, and Memory Politics in Central America *

Rachel Sieder

in The Politics of Memory and Democratization

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240906
eISBN:
9780191598869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240906.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter considers the role of ‘memory politics’ – understood as the combination of official and unofficial attempts to deal with the legacy of past violations – in the struggle for ... More


The Effectiveness of US Human Rights Policy, 1973–1980

Kathryn Sikkink

in The International Dimensions of Democratization: Europe and the Americas

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243754
eISBN:
9780191600333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243751.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The history of US human rights policy in Latin America provides useful case studies of the interplay between ‘control’ and ‘consent’ aspects of democratization. It presents a preliminary analysis of ... More


The Quetzal Is Red: Military States, Popular Movements, and Political Violence in Guatemala

Deborah J. Yashar

in The New Politics of Inequality in Latin America: Rethinking Participation and Representation

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198781837
eISBN:
9780191598968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198781830.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Contemporary political discourse in Guatemala reflects a deep historical division over popular political participation. From the perspective of military and economic elites, social mobilization is ... More


Confronting Legacies of State Repression: Uruguay and Chile in Comparative Perspective

Alexandra Barahona de Brito

in Human Rights and Democratization in Latin America: Uruguay and Chile

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280385
eISBN:
9780191598852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280386.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This is the first of two ‘stage-setting’ chapters in Part I of the book (Problems of Transitional Truth and Justice in Comparative Perspective, and Human Rights’ Violations under Military rule in ... More


Horizontal Accountability and the Rule of Law in Central America

Michael Dodson and Donald W. Jackson

in Democratic Accountability in Latin America

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199256372
eISBN:
9780191602368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256373.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines the efficacy of justice reform in creating effective mechanisms of horizontal accountability in El Salvador and Guatemala. There is little evidence to suggest that reforms have ... More


Publication as Preservation at a Remote Maya Site in the Early Twentieth Century*

Donna Yates

in From Plunder to Preservation: Britain and the Heritage of Empire, c.1800–1940

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265413
eISBN:
9780191760464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265413.003.0010
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter concerns the concept of ‘remoteness’ in early Mesoamerican archaeology as a factor in site preservation. Throughout the nineteenth century, Maya sites were academically and popularly ... More


Ríos Montt and the New Guatemala

Virginia Garrard‐Burnett

in Terror in the Land of the Holy Spirit: Guatemala Under General Efrain Rios Montt, 1982-1983

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195379648
eISBN:
9780199869176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379648.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines the language, images, and discourses that General Ríos Montt employed to promote his war of counterinsurgency. While the military’s war of counterinsurgency forcibly pacified ... More


Health Effects of Child Labour: Evidence from Guatemala and Rural Vietnam

Alessandro Cigno and Furio Camillo Rosati

in The Economics of Child Labour

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199264452
eISBN:
9780191602511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199264457.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The link between child labour and health is difficult to disentangle because of problems due to two-way causality, household and individual level unobservables. Aims to establish whether there is a ... More


International Religious Freedom

Elizabeth Shakman Hurd

in Beyond Religious Freedom: The New Global Politics of Religion

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691166094
eISBN:
9781400873814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691166094.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter develops three interrelated claims about the politics of governing social difference through religious rights and freedoms. First, conceiving and governing social difference through ... More


Eisenhower and His Legacy, 1953–1977

Tony Smith

in America's Mission: The United States and the Worldwide Struggle for Democracy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154923
eISBN:
9781400842025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154923.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines Dwight D. Eisenhower's legacy in the area of liberal democratic internationalism during the period 1953–1977. Until 1947, the American foreign policy choice had been between a ... More


Learning from Visa®? Incorporating Insurance Provisions in Microfinance Contracts

Loïc Sadoulet

in Insurance Against Poverty

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199276837
eISBN:
9780191601620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276838.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter argues that the repeated interaction between banks and clients allows borrowers to establish a credit record, which they can use to insure themselves from temporary liquidity shocks. It ... More


After Military Rule in Latin America: Argentina, Chile, and Guatemala

Zoltan Barany

in The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137681
eISBN:
9781400845491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter describes the politics following Argentina's and Chile's last bout with authoritarianism. In spite of some important similarities between Argentina and Chile, military rule and the ... More


The Origins of Central America's Civil Wars

Sharon Erickson Nepstad

in Convictions of the Soul: Religion Culture and Agency in the Central America Solidarity Movement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169232
eISBN:
9780199835195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169239.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter discusses the origins of civil wars in Nicaragua, El Salvador, and Guatemala, and U.S. involvement in Central America. The Spanish conquest in the early 16th century established a feudal ... More


Issues for debate on international assistance

Graciana del Castillo

in Rebuilding War-Torn States: The Challenge of Post-Conflict Economic Reconstruction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199237739
eISBN:
9780191717239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237739.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter argues that a stronger capacity for international assistance, in conjunction with a sound strategy for economic reconstruction at the country level, would greatly improve a country's ... More


Introduction

Luis Roniger

in Transnational Politics in Central America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813036632
eISBN:
9780813038834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036632.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This book aims to provide an understanding of the transnational dynamics of Central America. This is a region that includes Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and ... More


Women’s Schooling and Social Change in the Developing World after 1950

Robert A. Levine, Sarah E. Levine, Beatrice Schnell-Anzola, Meredith L. Rowe, and Emily Dexter

in Literacy and Mothering: How Women’s Schooling Changes the Lives of the World's Children

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195309829
eISBN:
9780199932733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309829.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This is a review of evidence on the relationship of women’s school attainment to child survival and fertility, with an examination of long-term studies in Bangladesh, the Philippines and Guatemala, ... More


: JJ’s Second Marriage

Robert Brenneman

in Homies and Hermanos: God and Gangs in Central America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199753840
eISBN:
9780199918836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753840.003.0000
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Why would a pistol-packing, tattoo-bearing “homie” trade in his gun for a Bible and the buttoned-down lifestyle of an evangelical hermano? Why is evangelical religion attractive to gang members? This ... More


From Pandilla to Mara

Robert Brenneman

in Homies and Hermanos: God and Gangs in Central America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199753840
eISBN:
9780199918836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753840.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Where did the transnational gangs come from and how violent are they? This chapter begins with the story of a Salvadoran ex-member of the Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) in order to better understand how ... More


“Christian, Not Catholic”

Robert Brenneman

in Homies and Hermanos: God and Gangs in Central America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199753840
eISBN:
9780199918836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753840.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines Central American evangelical churches and how they emerged in the region. The chapter emphasizes the fact that Central American evangelicals see themselves as religious ... More


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