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The Logic of Conventional Implicatures

Christopher Potts

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199273829
eISBN:
9780191706653
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273829.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This book revives the study of conventional implicatures in natural language semantics. The label ‘conventional implicature’ dates back to H. Paul Grice’s early work on the foundations of linguistic ... More


The Conception of Value

Paul Grice and Judith Baker

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199243877
eISBN:
9780191697302
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243877.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The works of Paul Grice collected in this volume present his metaphysical defence of value, and represent a modern attempt to provide a metaphysical foundation for value. Value judgements are viewed ... More


Aspects of Reason

Paul Grice

Richard Warner (ed.)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198242529
eISBN:
9780191597534
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198242522.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book, based on Grice's 1979 Locke Lectures at Oxford and published posthumously, elaborates the notions of reasons, reasoning, and rationality, with particular emphasis on the unity of practical ... More


Thought Before Language

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Starting from the appealing folk idea that “language expresses thought”, this chapter argues that the psychological reality of language should be investigated from a perspective on thought. The idea ... More


A Use Theory of Meaning

Paul Horwich

in Reflections on Meaning

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199251247
eISBN:
9780191603983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925124X.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

How should we go about trying to identify which particular underlying property of a given word is responsible for its meaning? And what sort of property will that turn out to be? The answers ... More


Figuratively Speaking: Revised Edition

Robert J. Fogelin

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199739998
eISBN:
9780199895045
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739998.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Figuratively Speaking (1986) examines figures of speech that concern meaning—irony, hyperbole, understatement, similes, metaphors, and others—to show how they work and to explain their ... More


Pragmatics of Human Action

Dare Baldwin, Jeffery Loucks, and Mark Sabbagh

in Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195188370
eISBN:
9780199870462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188370.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter presents novel ideas about one set of possible constraining forces that guide inferences about others' intentions and goals. In particular, it proposes that action processing is guided ... More


Introduction

Robert J. Fogelin

in Figuratively Speaking: Revised Edition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199739998
eISBN:
9780199895045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739998.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The introduction lays out the plan of the book: to consider two groups of rhetorical tropes that this chapter calls figurative predications and figurative comparisons. With a ... More


Toxic Shock Syndrome from Tampons: Krystal H. Rinehart v. International Playtex

Roger W. Shuy

in Fighting over Words: Language and Civil Law Cases

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195328837
eISBN:
9780199870165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328837.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This case focused entirely on the warning label on the package insert of a tampons product used by a young woman who subsequently suffered from toxic shock syndrome (TSS). One side of the tightly ... More


APPENDIX: How Linguists Can Help in Corporate Civil Cases

Roger W. Shuy

in Fighting over Words: Language and Civil Law Cases

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195328837
eISBN:
9780199870165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328837.003.0020
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter summarizes the important requirements of linguists and lawyers who work together on the seven types of corporate cases discussed in the book. First, the linguist needs to have complete ... More


John Lloyd Ackrill 1921–2007

Lindsay Judson

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 161, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows, VIII

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264577
eISBN:
9780191734267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264577.003.0001
Subject:
History, Historiography

John Lloyd Ackrill (1921–2007), a Fellow of the British Academy, had a powerful and far-reaching influence on the way ancient philosophy is done in the English-speaking world and beyond. In his first ... More


Minimal Semantics and Psychological Evidence

Emma Borg

in Pursuing Meaning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199588374
eISBN:
9780191741487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588374.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explores the objection that minimal propositions are explanatorily inert. The objection has its clearest statement in the work of François Recanati and his requirement that semantic ... More


Speaker Meaning and Expression

Wayne A. Davis

in Nondescriptive Meaning and Reference: An Ideational Semantics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199261659
eISBN:
9780191603099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261652.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter defines speaker meaning and expression in terms of intention and indication. Different types of speaker meaning are distinguished. These definitions are contrasted with those of Grice, ... More


Introduction

Charles Travis

in Occasion-Sensitivity: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230334
eISBN:
9780191710605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230334.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the meaning of occasion-sensitivity. Specifically, it argues that occasion-sensitivity is the answer to the question: when would what we say be ... More


On What Is Strictly Speaking True

Charles Travis

in Occasion-Sensitivity: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230334
eISBN:
9780191710605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230334.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Saying is one way of putting things into words. Others include hinting at, implying, suggesting, and letting slip out. But how is saying distinguished from such rival modes of conveying, or at least ... More


Annals of Analysis

Charles Travis

in Occasion-Sensitivity: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230334
eISBN:
9780191710605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230334.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

H. P. Grice transformed the problems he touched and, thereby, the terms of philosophical discussion. The discussions he touched most deeply concern meaning, saying, and perceiving. All Grice's work ... More


Getting Told and Being Believed

Richard Moran

in The Epistemology of Testimony

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199276011
eISBN:
9780191706110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276011.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter argues for the centrality of believing the speaker (as distinct from believing the statement) in the epistemology of testimony, and develops a line of thought from Angus Ross, which ... More


Embedded Implicatures

François Recanati

in Truth-Conditional Pragmatics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199226993
eISBN:
9780191710223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226993.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, General

Conversational implicatures do not normally fall within the scope of operators because they arise at the speech act level, not at the level of sub-locutionary constituents. Yet in some cases they do, ... More


Partial Intentionalism

Paisley Livingston

in Cinema, Philosophy, Bergman: On Film as Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570171
eISBN:
9780191721540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570171.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, General

This chapter defends a partial intentionalist approach that is distinct from the strongest forms of actualist intentionalism as well as the kind of conditionalist intentionalism advocated by some of ... More


A Puzzle about Sameness of Satisfaction across Time

Gary Ebbs

in Truth and Words

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557936
eISBN:
9780191721403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557936.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The account of truth and words proposed in Chapter 4 conflicts with the metaphysical intuition that if word-token w is uttered or inscribed at some time t before the utterance or inscription of ... More


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