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Sub-Federal Laws and Policies in the United States

Cinnamon Piñon Carlarne

in Climate Change Law and Policy: EU and US Perspectives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199553419
eISBN:
9780191594984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553419.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

States have long been the ‘laboratories of democracy’ for US lawmaking; states and other sub-federal actors are proving particularly important to the development of climate change law and policy. ... More


Atmospheric Accountants: Entrepreneurial Authority and the Greenhouse Gas Protocol

Jessica F. Green

in Rethinking Private Authority: Agents and Entrepreneurs in Global Environmental Governance

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157580
eISBN:
9781400848669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157580.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines a case of entrepreneurial authority in the climate change regime: the Greenhouse Gas Protocol. The protocol is a set of accounting standards to measure and report greenhouse gas ... More


The Interjurisdictional Gray Area

Erin Ryan

in Federalism and the Tug of War Within

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199737987
eISBN:
9780199918652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737987.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Chapter Five probes the zone of jurisdictional overlap that belies the dual federalism ideal, where both the states and federal government hold legitimate regulatory interests or obligations. It ... More


Law and Policy in the United States

Cinnamon Piñon Carlarne

in Climate Change Law and Policy: EU and US Perspectives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199553419
eISBN:
9780191594984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553419.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

This chapter provides an overview of how the US political system functions, focusing on the role of federalism in shaping policy-making. It reviews the history of environmental policymaking in the US ... More


When Cap-and-Trade Works

Barry G. Rabe

in Can We Price Carbon?

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780262037952
eISBN:
9780262346580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037952.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Cap-and-trade has also faced numerous political challenges but also includes some more successful cases. Some of the experience of the American sulfur dioxide emissions trading program has been ... More


The Scientific Evidence for Climate Change

Alan H. Lockwood

in Heat Advisory: Protecting Health on a Warming Planet

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034876
eISBN:
9780262335737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034876.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The instrumental record shows steadily rising global surface temperatures as the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases increased during the industrial age. Numerous ... More


The Origins of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: A Within-Case Probe

Tana Johnson

in Organizational Progeny: Why Governments are Losing Control over the Proliferating Structures of Global Governance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198717799
eISBN:
9780191787300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717799.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter details the origins of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and its precursor, the Advisory Group on Greenhouse Gases (AGGG). It solves Chapter 1’s puzzle by spotlighting ... More


Global Warming and Climate Change

Ramprasad Sengupta

in Ecological Limits and Economic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198081654
eISBN:
9780199082407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198081654.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The chapter discusses the problem of global warming and climate change as one of global pollution with widest effects of global externality. It describes the characteristics of the green house gases ... More


Challenges to the New Vision for US Highways

Robert W. Poole Jr.

in Rethinking America's Highways: A 21st-Century Vision for Better Infrastructure

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226557571
eISBN:
9780226557601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226557601.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Four main arguments have suggested that highways will or should play a smaller role in coming decades. Millennials are claimed to be abandoning car ownership. Autonomous vehicles are seen as leading ... More


Facing the Climate Change Challenge in a Global Economy

Lee Branstetter and William Pizer

in Globalization in an Age of Crisis: Multilateral Economic Cooperation in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226030753
eISBN:
9780226030890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226030890.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Large, adverse effects of climate change are predicted in the decades to come and past greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have missed supposedly agreed and achievable targets, a reflection of two deep ... More


Soil–Atmosphere Exchange of Trace Gases in the Colorado Shortgrass Steppe

Arvin R. Mosier and William J. Parton

in Ecology of the Shortgrass Steppe: A Long-Term Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195135824
eISBN:
9780197561638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195135824.003.0018
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

During the past half century, atmospheric concentrations of important greenhouse gases including carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N2O) have been increasing at unprecedented ... More


Garbage of the Golden West

Howard G. Wilshire, Richard W. Hazlett, and Jane E. Nielson

in The American West at Risk: Science, Myths, and Politics of Land Abuse and Recovery

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195142051
eISBN:
9780197561782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195142051.003.0015
Subject:
Environmental Science, Social Impact of Environmental Issues

In May 1970, Look magazine ran an International Paper Company advertisement, “The Story of the Disposable Environment,” which envisioned a time when “the entire environment in which [we] live” ... More


Something Is Missing

David Sarokin and Jay Schulkin

in Missed Information: Better Information for Building a Wealthier, More Sustainable Future

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034920
eISBN:
9780262336253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034920.003.0006
Subject:
Information Science, Library Science

Consumers have access to substantial information on the products they buy, but much information is missing. “Sustainability information” – about traits like greenhouse gases, child labor, toxic ... More


Routes of Ruin

Howard G. Wilshire, Richard W. Hazlett, and Jane E. Nielson

in The American West at Risk: Science, Myths, and Politics of Land Abuse and Recovery

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195142051
eISBN:
9780197561782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195142051.003.0010
Subject:
Environmental Science, Social Impact of Environmental Issues

The United States is more wedded to vehicles than is any other nation, and “freedom” to many Americans seemingly means driving their individual vehicles anywhere they choose. Opinion polls commonly ... More


Going Forward: Getting Over Our Obsession with Meat

Julie J. Lesnik

in Edible Insects and Human Evolution

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780813056999
eISBN:
9780813053776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056999.003.0009
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

The last chapter addresses why research on edible insects is not nearly as developed compared to meat, and why this imbalance leads to underrepresentation. In paleoanthropology, there is abundant ... More


Watershed Hydrological and Chemical Responses to Precipitation Variability in the Luquillo Mountains of Puerto Rico

Douglas Schaefer

in Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response in Long-Term Ecological Research Sites

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195150599
eISBN:
9780197561881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195150599.003.0017
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

Variations in temperature and precipitation are both components of climate variability. Based on coral growth rates measured near Puerto Rico, the ... More


The Future of the Shortgrass Steppe

Ingrid C. Burke and William K. Lauenroth

in Ecology of the Shortgrass Steppe: A Long-Term Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195135824
eISBN:
9780197561638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195135824.003.0023
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

Where lies the future of the shortgrass steppe? In prior chapters we have described the remarkable resilience of the shortgrass steppe ecosystem and its organisms to past drought and grazing, and ... More


Climate Variability in the North Central Region: Characterizing Drought Severity Patterns

Stuart H. Gage

in Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response in Long-Term Ecological Research Sites

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195150599
eISBN:
9780197561881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195150599.003.0010
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

This chapter examines the spatial and temporal variability and patterns of climate for the period 1972–1991 in the North Central Region of North America ... More


Decadal and Century-Long Changes in Storminess at Long-Term Ecological Research Sites

Bruce P. Hayden and Nils R. Hayden

in Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response in Long-Term Ecological Research Sites

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195150599
eISBN:
9780197561881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195150599.003.0026
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

Ecological disturbances at Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) sites are often the result of extreme meteorological events. Among the events of ... More


Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response at the H. J. Andrews Long-Term Ecological Research Site

David Greenland and Frederick Bierlmaier

in Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response in Long-Term Ecological Research Sites

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195150599
eISBN:
9780197561881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195150599.003.0037
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

The H. J. Andrews (AND) Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) site represents the temperate coniferous forest of the Pacific Northwest (PNW) of the United ... More


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