## REMARKS ON SURFACE-ATOM FORCES IN LONDON AND LIFSHITZ LIMITS

*L. P. Pitaevskii*

### in Problems of Condensed Matter Physics: Quantum coherence phenomena in electron-hole and coupled matter-light systems

- Published in print:
- 2007
- Published Online:
- May 2008
- ISBN:
- 9780199238873
- eISBN:
- 9780191716652
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238873.003.0013
- Subject:
- Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter reviews the Lifshitz equation, which describes the interaction potential of an atom with the surface of a bulk dielectric medium. It shows how to obtain this equation in a more simple ... More

## Green's functions and retarded potentials

*Mauro Fabrizio and Morro Angelo*

### in Electromagnetism of Continuous Media: Mathematical Modelling and Applications

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198527008
- eISBN:
- 9780191713316
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527008.003.0002
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter gives a concise and self-contained presentation of the use of Green’s functions to solve linear problems with a given point source. Specific functions are determined for the harmonic ... More

## Theory of Nonequilibrium Superconductivity

*Nikolai Kopnin*

- Published in print:
- 2001
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780198507888
- eISBN:
- 9780191709722
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507888.001.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book presents modern theory of nonstationary and nonequilibrium superconductivity. It deals with superconductors in external fields varying in time and studies transport phenomena in ... More

## Scattering by a Buried Object

*Peter Monk*

### in Finite Element Methods for Maxwell's Equations

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198508885
- eISBN:
- 9780191708633
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508885.003.0012
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

This chapter presents a model problem for scattering by a buried object. The ground is modeled by a two-layered medium (the air and the earth) with a planar interface. For the two-layered medium, it ... More

## INTRODUCTION TO THE QUANTUM MECHANICAL TIME-INDEPENDENT SCATTERING THEORY I: ONE-DIMENSIONAL SCATTERING

*Pier A. Mello and Narendra Kumar*

### in Quantum Transport in Mesoscopic Systems: Complexity and Statistical Fluctuations. A Maximum Entropy Viewpoint

- Published in print:
- 2004
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198525820
- eISBN:
- 9780191712234
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525820.003.0002
- Subject:
- Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter is devoted to basic potential scattering theory, focusing on the case of a one-dimensional conductor and an open cavity with a one-channel lead connected to it. The contents of this ... More

## Green’s functions and the dynamical action principle

*JAGDISH MEHRA and KIMBALL A. MILTON*

### in Climbing the Mountain: The Scientific Biography of Julian Schwinger

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- February 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780198527459
- eISBN:
- 9780191709593
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527459.003.0009
- Subject:
- Physics, History of Physics

In a remarkable lecture Julian Schwinger delivered at the University of Nottingham on July 14, 1993, on the occasion of his receiving an honorary degree, entitled ‘The Greening of quantum field ... More

## DYNAMICS OF IMPERFECT LATTICES

*A.M. Stoneham*

### in Theory of Defects in Solids: Electronic Structure of Defects in Insulators and Semiconductors

- Published in print:
- 2001
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198507802
- eISBN:
- 9780191709920
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507802.003.0011
- Subject:
- Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Defects and impurities affect the vibrations of a solid, and hence properties such as infra-red spectra and thermal conductivity. There can be new, high-frequency, local modes; there can be new, ... More

## X-ray interactions with matter

*David M. Paganin*

### in Coherent X-Ray Optics

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198567288
- eISBN:
- 9780191717963
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567288.003.0002
- Subject:
- Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter considers the interactions of X-rays with matter. It opens by developing X-ray wave equations in the presence of scatterers, taking the Maxwell equations as a starting point. The ... More

## General Principles of the Quasiclassical Approximation

*Nikolai B. Kopnin*

### in Theory of Nonequilibrium Superconductivity

- Published in print:
- 2001
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780198507888
- eISBN:
- 9780191709722
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507888.003.05
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter introduces the quasiclassical Green functions integrated over the energy near the Fermi surface. Using these functions, the expressions for supercurrent, electron density, and order ... More

## Functional integrals

*Helmut Hofmann*

### in The Physics of Warm Nuclei: with Analogies to Mesoscopic Systems

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- September 2008
- ISBN:
- 9780198504016
- eISBN:
- 9780191708480
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198504016.003.0024
- Subject:
- Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter presents a short review of path integrals in quantum mechanics. This is followed by a detailed discussion of the evaluation of the semi-classical propagator, involving quadratic ... More

## MICROSCOPIC DERIVATION OF THE TDGL EQUATION

*Anatoly Larkin and Andrei Varlamov*

### in Theory of Fluctuations in Superconductors

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198528159
- eISBN:
- 9780191713521
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528159.003.0005
- Subject:
- Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents the basic aspects of the microscopic description of fluctuation phenomena in superconductors. The notion of fluctuation propagator as the vertex part of the electron: electron ... More

## Tunneling Matrix Elements

*C. Julian Chen*

### in Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: Second Edition

- Published in print:
- 2007
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780199211500
- eISBN:
- 9780191705991
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211500.003.0003
- Subject:
- Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents systematic methods to evaluate the tunneling matrix elements in the Bardeen tunneling theory. A key problem in applying the Bardeen tunneling theory to STM is the evaluation of ... More

## Electric Fields and Currents in Biological Tissue

*Paul L. Nunez and Ramesh Srinivasan*

### in Electric Fields of the Brain: The neurophysics of EEG

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- May 2009
- ISBN:
- 9780195050387
- eISBN:
- 9780199865673
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195050387.003.0004
- Subject:
- Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

This chapter continues the physical principles of Chapter 3 in the context of biological tissue. Electrophysiology spans about five orders of magnitude of spatial scale, ranging from the ... More

## One-dimensional motion

*Victor Galitski, Boris Karnakov, Vladimir Kogan, and Victor Galitski, Jr.*

### in Exploring Quantum Mechanics: A Collection of 700+ Solved Problems for Students, Lecturers, and Researchers

- Published in print:
- 2013
- Published Online:
- December 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199232710
- eISBN:
- 9780191774973
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232710.003.0002
- Subject:
- Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter analyzes problems that deal with stationary states in the discrete spectrum; the Schrödinger equation in momentum space (the Green function and integral form of the Schrödinger ... More

## Green Functions

*Nikolai B. Kopnin*

### in Theory of Nonequilibrium Superconductivity

- Published in print:
- 2001
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780198507888
- eISBN:
- 9780191709722
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507888.003.02
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter introduces the second quantization formalism based on Schrödinger and Heisenberg operators. It defines the temperature and real-time Green functions for Bose and Fermi particles and ... More

## The Casimir Force Between Objects of Arbitrary Shape

*M. Bordag, G. L. Klimchitskaya, U. Mohideen, and V. M. Mostepanenko*

### in Advances in the Casimir Effect

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- September 2009
- ISBN:
- 9780199238743
- eISBN:
- 9780191716461
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238743.003.0010
- Subject:
- Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter presents a new, powerful description of the Casimir energy based on the scattering approach and functional determinants. This description allows for exact calculations of Casimir ... More

## LINEAR RESPONSE THEORY OF QUANTUM ELECTRONIC TRANSPORT

*Pier A. Mello and Narendra Kumar*

### in Quantum Transport in Mesoscopic Systems: Complexity and Statistical Fluctuations. A Maximum Entropy Viewpoint

- Published in print:
- 2004
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198525820
- eISBN:
- 9780191712234
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525820.003.0004
- Subject:
- Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter examines the linear response theory of Kubo and its specialization to calculating the conductance of a narrow constriction connected adiabatically to reservoirs through widening horns. ... More

## Vortex Dynamics in Dirty Superconductors

*Nikolai B. Kopnin*

### in Theory of Nonequilibrium Superconductivity

- Published in print:
- 2001
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780198507888
- eISBN:
- 9780191709722
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507888.003.13
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The force exerted on a vortex from the environment is derived microscopically using the quasiclassical Green function formalism. The kinetic equation is solved for the distribution function of ... More

## Retarded Green’s Functions

*Norman J. Morgenstern Horing*

### in Quantum Statistical Field Theory: An Introduction to Schwinger's Variational Method with Green's Function Nanoapplications, Graphene and Superconductivity

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- January 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780198791942
- eISBN:
- 9780191834165
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198791942.003.0005
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Chapter 5 introduces single-particle retarded Green’s functions, which provide the probability amplitude that a particle created at (x, t) is later annihilated at (x′,t′). Partial Green’s functions, ... More

## Essential Quantum Mechanics

*Mike Finnis*

### in Interatomic Forces in Condensed Matter

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780198509776
- eISBN:
- 9780191709180
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509776.003.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter reviews the general concepts in quantum mechanics that are essential for the purpose of deriving models of interatomic forces in condensed matter. It assumes a familiarity with the usual ... More