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Medicine and Life Sciences

Leonid Zhmud

in Pythagoras and the Early Pythagoreans

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199289318
eISBN:
9780191741371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289318.003.0011
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter begins with a discussion of Greek medicine. In the lifetime of Pythagoras the physicians of Croton enjoyed the greatest renown. The volume of evidence on medicine in Croton allows us to ... More


Medicine: Expression of the General State of Mind

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0029
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter provides a comparative look at Chinese and Greek medicine. Chinese medicine was created in an environment that recognized the exchange between various regional centers as the foundation ... More


Greek Medicine and Roman Incomprehension

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0033
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The political and cultural center shifted and for the second time it was Rome that attracted Greek physicians. Greek physicians brought with them their renowned medicine but it was not at all ... More


The Individual and the Whole

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter focuses on the differences in the emergence of Greek medicine and Chinese medicine. Chinese antiquity, the consciousness of the necessity of laws emerged against a completely different ... More


Galen and Mental Illness

Michael W. Dols and Diana E. Immisch

in Majnūn: The Madman in Medieval Islamic Society

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202219
eISBN:
9780191675218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202219.003.0002
Subject:
History, World Medieval History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter aims to describe and to explain the development of the medical notion of insanity in Greek medicine, primarily the 2nd-century writings of Galen. Before the Islamic era, Hippocratic ... More


The Reformulation of Greek Medicine

Michael W. Dols and Diana E. Immisch

in Majnūn: The Madman in Medieval Islamic Society

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202219
eISBN:
9780191675218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202219.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Medieval History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter illustrates how Greek medical knowledge was reworked, together with clinical experience, into what is called Islamic medicine. Medical knowledge, primarily Greek medicine, is revealed in ... More


Introduction

Zohar Amar and Efraim Lev

in Arabian Drugs in Early Medieval Mediterranean Medicine

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748697816
eISBN:
9781474430418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748697816.003.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter traces the history of Arab medicine and science and how Greek, Indian, and Persian medical knowledge had come to Arab medical practices. It considers the Arab attitude to science, the ... More


The Beginning of Medicine in Greece

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0023
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The origin of medicine is apparent from other ancient texts such as from a document with the ambitious title “The Nature of Man”. One of the texts was dedicated to “falling sickness,” or epilepsy ... More


Manifold Experiences of the World

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0032
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The era of Hellenism was the first shift in early Western history. The center of power moved and the power structure changed. European medicine had emerged and persisted. The incessant changes of ... More


Medicine between Cultures in the Hellenistic Fayum

Daniel King

in Hellenism and the Local Communities of the Eastern Mediterranean: 400 BCE-250 CE

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198805663
eISBN:
9780191843617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805663.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This paper looks into the relationship between Greek medicine and Egyptian culture in Tebtynis. Cultural interaction in this context has often been interpreted from a perspective that privileges the ... More


Wounding and Wisdom in Plato’s Gorgias

Marina Berzins McCoy

in Wounded Heroes: Vulnerability as a Virtue in Ancient Greek Literature and Philosophy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199672783
eISBN:
9780191757327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672783.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

Chapter four focuses on the myth of judgement at the end of the Gorgias and its image of a wounded, unjust man. There Socrates uses a mythos and, in particular, the language of wounding to ... More


Discussion and Conclusions

Zohar Amar and Efraim Lev

in Arabian Drugs in Early Medieval Mediterranean Medicine

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748697816
eISBN:
9781474430418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748697816.003.0004
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter draws some conclusions from the researches laid out in the previous chapter. It considers the extent of the Indian contribution to the inventory of medicinal substances in the early ... More


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