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‘Living Water’: Vodka and Russian Society on the Eve of Emancipation

David Christian

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198222866
eISBN:
9780191678516
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198222866.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This book is a study of the social, economic, and political role of vodka in 19th-century Russia. Since the ‘Green Serpent’ first appeared in 16th-century Muscovy, it has played a vital part in ... More


The Imperial Turn: Economics, Evolution, and Empire

Michael D. Gordin (ed.)

in A Well-Ordered Thing

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691172385
eISBN:
9780691184425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691172385.003.0006
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter discusses Dmitrii Mendeleev's “Imperial Turn.” Mendeleev had two productive reactions to his rough treatment at the hands of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences. First came ... More


Chasing Ghosts: Spiritualism and the Struggle for Public Knowledge

Michael D. Gordin (ed.)

in A Well-Ordered Thing

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691172385
eISBN:
9780691184425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691172385.003.0004
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter looks at the controversy surrounding Spiritualism in the 1870s. Considered by many a modernized religion more suited to the day's empirical advances, Spiritualism sparked substantial ... More


From the Prehistory of Russian Novel Theory: Alexander Veselovsky and Fyodor Dostoevsky on the Modern Novel’s Roots in Folklore and Legend

Kate Holland

in Persistent Forms: Explorations in Historical Poetics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780823264858
eISBN:
9780823266852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823264858.003.0012
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter locates Veselovsky’s and Dostoevsky’s contemporary work in the context of Alexander II’s “Great Reforms,” when the rupture dealt to Russian society by a series of radical government ... More


The Genesis of Selective Integration

Benjamin Nathans

in Beyond the Pale: The Jewish Encounter with Late Imperial Russia

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520208308
eISBN:
9780520931299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520208308.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter highlights the extent to which new Jewish elites, led by the wealthy Evzel Gintsburg and his entourage, helped shape a policy of “selective integration”, whereby certain categories of ... More


Conclusion: The Meaning of 1867

Ilya Vinkovetsky

in Russian America: An Overseas Colony of a Continental Empire, 1804-1867

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195391282
eISBN:
9780199894369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391282.003.0008
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Why did Russia sell Alaska? The conclusion examines Russia's decision to quit New World colonization, and how it was related to the themes of this book, including the weakness of Russia's overseas ... More


Zealots of Culture: The Russian Musical Society, Voluntary Associations, and Cultural Life

Lynn M. Sargeant

in Harmony and Discord: Music and the Transformation of Russian Cultural Life

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735266
eISBN:
9780199894505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735266.003.0003
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music, History, Western

This chapter focuses on the establishment of the Russian Musical Society in the era of the Great Reforms and its significance as a cultural voluntary association. The Society's legal charter, ... More


Making Newtons: Romantic Journeys toward Genius

Michael D. Gordin (ed.)

in A Well-Ordered Thing

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691172385
eISBN:
9780691184425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691172385.003.0007
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter examines Dmitrii Mendeleev's reform of Russian education. The educational reform Mendeleev proposed during the last decade of his life encapsulated his fully articulated view of how ... More


The Great Reforms

Paul Robinson

in Russian Conservatism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501747342
eISBN:
9781501747366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501747342.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This chapter takes a look at the Great Reforms, a series of reforms conducted by Nicholas's son and successor, Alexander II. In March 1861, he decreed the emancipation of the serfs. Another important ... More


The Death and Life of Sosloviia in the Post-Reform Empire

Alison K. Smith

in For the Common Good and Their Own Well-Being: Social Estates in Imperial Russia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199978175
eISBN:
9780190215590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199978175.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History, World Modern History

This chapter looks at the ways that sosloviia, and particularly the process of gaining or leaving a soslovie, were altered during and after the era of the Great Reforms. During the reign of Alexander ... More


Breaking the Ties That Bound: The Politics of Marital Strife in Late Imperial Russia

Barbara Alpern Engel

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449512
eISBN:
9780801460692
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449512.001.0001
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

Russia's Great Reforms of 1861 were sweeping social and legal changes that aimed to modernize the country. In the following decades, rapid industrialization and urbanization profoundly transformed ... More


Introduction

Louise McReynolds

in Murder Most Russian: True Crime and Punishment in Late Imperial Russia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451454
eISBN:
9780801465901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451454.003.0001
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the Great Reforms, which reformed the legal system and revolutionized justice, launched by Tsar Alexander II (1855–1881) following Russia's ... More


Ethnicity and Civil Society: The Russian Legal Profession

Benjamin Nathans

in Beyond the Pale: The Jewish Encounter with Late Imperial Russia

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520208308
eISBN:
9780520931299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520208308.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter explores the role of Jewish lawyers within the legal profession itself. It argues that as the best educated, best organized, and most Westernized profession, lawyers offer an important ... More


Transformation

Mara Kozelsky

in Crimea in War and Transformation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780190644710
eISBN:
9780190644741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190644710.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Military History

The Crimean War was a watershed event in Russia; it transformed government and society and ushered in the Great Reforms. Russian subjects mobilized to support the home front came out of the war with ... More


Prospects of Reform

Paul W. Werth

in The Tsar's Foreign Faiths: Toleration and the Fate of Religious Freedom in Imperial Russia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199591770
eISBN:
9780191757778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591770.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter examines an important religious dimension of Russia's Great Reforms in the 1860s. Non-Orthodox clerics and believers made use of the more open society after the death of Nicholas I ... More


Epilogue

Thomas Marsden

in The Crisis of Religious Toleration in Imperial Russia: Bibikov's System for the Old Believers, 1841–1855

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198746362
eISBN:
9780191808920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746362.003.0010
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Religion

The Epilogue looks at the long-term impact of Bibikov’s system. At first glance, it appears to have been a short-lived anomaly. The enlightened bureaucrats who had helped to develop its theoretical ... More


Glasnost’ in Practice: Public Speaking in the Reform Era, 1856–67

Stephen Lovell

in How Russia Learned to Talk: A History of Public Speaking in the Stenographic Age, 1860-1930

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780199546428
eISBN:
9780191874536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199546428.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter examines the effects of the Great Reforms of the 1860s on Russia’s emerging public sphere. It starts by examining the more engaging rulership style of the new Emperor, Alexander II. It ... More


The End of Bibikov’s System

Thomas Marsden

in The Crisis of Religious Toleration in Imperial Russia: Bibikov's System for the Old Believers, 1841–1855

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198746362
eISBN:
9780191808920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746362.003.0009
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Religion

Chapter 8 looks at the fall of Bibikov and the collapse of his secret system for the Old Believers. It examines the competing parties in government that emerged following the death of Nicholas I, and ... More


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