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Laborer

Gail Hershatter

in The Gender of Memory: Rural Women and China's Collective Past

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267701
eISBN:
9780520950344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267701.003.0010
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter explores the entwinement of the campaign time of the state with the domestic time of the household during the Great Leap Forward and the subsequent famine in China. It explains that the ... More


1953–1964: The British Left and the New China

Tom Buchanan

in East Wind: China and the British Left, 1925-1976

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199570331
eISBN:
9780191741425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570331.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History, British and Irish Modern History

After the ending of the Korean War the British left played a significant role in promoting better relations with the ‘New China’. This chapter examines a number of examples such as the Labour Party ... More


The Practice of Power: US Relations with China since 1949

Rosemary Foot

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292920
eISBN:
9780191599286
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292929.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In its reconstruction of evolving US positions on key issues in the relationship with China, this book is able to explain the change in American–Chinese relations after 1949 from hostility to ... More


China’s Loophole to the Faustian Bargain of Urban Bias

Jeremy L. Wallace

in Cities and Stability: Urbanization, Redistribution, and Regime Survival in China

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199378982
eISBN:
9780199379019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378982.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The fourth chapter shows that since 1949, the Chinese government’s policies toward rural areas are critically shaped by their implications for urbanization. The narrative focuses on the political ... More


Maoism in Crisis: The Price of Engagement (1956–1960)

Timothy Cheek

in Propaganda and Culture in Mao's China: Deng Tuo and the Intelligentsia

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198290667
eISBN:
9780191684821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198290667.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter discusses Maoism and its first crisis during the late 1950s and how Deng Tuo was swept up in the middle of it. For Deng Tuo, these were miserable years. From 1956, Deng began to pay the ... More


The Demise of the ‘Red Menace’

Marc Mulholland

in Bourgeois Liberty and the Politics of Fear: From Absolutism to Neo-Conservatism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199653577
eISBN:
9780191744594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653577.003.0015
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Ideas

The Communist States rested upon worker acquiescence as the most solid social base of assent. However, as they developed economically, it became imperative to promote the interests of the technical ... More


Petroleum, Lithium, and the Foundations of Chinese State Power

Judd C. Kinzley (ed.)

in Natural Resources and the New Frontier: Constructing Modern China's Borderlands

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226492155
eISBN:
9780226492322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226492322.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

The lofty production targets of the People's Republic of China's First Five Year Plan (1953-1957) created a desperate need for raw materials like petroleum, and various minerals like beryllium, ... More


Between the Past and the Present: The Radicalization of Historiography under Mao

Huaiyin Li

in Reinventing Modern China: Imagination and Authenticity in Chinese Historical Writing

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824836085
eISBN:
9780824871338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824836085.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter takes a look at the “historiographical revolution” (shixue geming) of the late 1950s and mid-1960s. It began in 1958 at the height of the Great Leap Forward as a result of growing ... More


How Idivorced My Robot Wife: Visionary Futures between Science and Literature

Paola Iovene

in Tales of Futures Past: Anticipation and the Ends of Literature in Contemporary China

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780804789370
eISBN:
9780804791601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804789370.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

The chapter discusses forgotten publications dealing with the technological futures of humanity, including popular science magazines, children’s literature, and science fiction and films from the ... More


Modern Jingju in Years of Uncertainty

Xing Fan

in Staging Revolution: Artistry and Aesthetics in Model Beijing Opera during the Cultural Revolution

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9789888455812
eISBN:
9789888455164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888455812.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

Time: summer of 1956 to late 1963. As China went through numerous political movements, the nation’s economy and culture fluctuated as the government readjusted policies from one position to another ... More


Social Backgrounds of China and Taiwan

C. Y. Cyrus Chu and Ruoh‐Rong Yu

in Understanding Chinese Families: A Comparative Study of Taiwan and Southeast China

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199578092
eISBN:
9780191722424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578092.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter provides some macro statistics and a review of historical events to help the reader understand the pace of social and economic development in Taiwan and China. In general, Taiwan had a ... More


The Sino-Soviet Schism: The Race to Communism and Great Power Status

John W. Garver

in China's Quest: The History of the Foreign Relations of the People's Republic of China

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190261054
eISBN:
9780190261085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190261054.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Soviet-Chinese debates over de-Stalinization were linked to prescribed levels of investment in heavy industry versus consumer goods. Mao favored the former, Khrushchev the latter. Uprisings in Poland ... More


The Political Perils in 1957: Struggles over “Women’s Liberation”

Wang Zheng

in Finding Women in the State: A Socialist Feminist Revolution in the People's Republic of China, 1949-1964

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520292284
eISBN:
9780520965867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520292284.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

The work report of the ACWF at the third National Women’s Congress presented a conservative theme of “two diligences” for women-work, an obvious reversion from its previous commitment to equality ... More


Reforms of the Economic Administration System During the Maoist Era

Wu Jinglian, Ma Guochuan, Xiaofeng Hua, and Nancy Hearst

in Whither China?: Restarting the Reform Agenda

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190223151
eISBN:
9780190223182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190223151.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

With China’s changed political situation in 1957–58, it became politically incorrect to share interests with state-owned enterprises and workers. The 1958 reform consisted of decentralizing power to ... More


The Decline of Public Life under Mao’s Rule

Di Wang

in The Teahouse under Socialism: The Decline and Renewal of Public Life in Chengdu, 1950-2000

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781501715488
eISBN:
9781501715556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501715488.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter deals with the microcosm of the teahouse; it describes people’s daily lives in the period from the 1950s to the 1970s under the Communist government, including to what extent people ... More


Maoism: An Accounting

George W. Breslauer

in The Rise and Demise of World Communism

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780197579671
eISBN:
9780197579701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197579671.003.0029
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Mao Zedong and his legacy may be given credit for effective innovation in conducting guerrilla warfare and mobilizing the peasantry to win a fifteen-year battle against the Guomindang and the ... More


Chapter 4

Frances Wong

in China Bound and Unbound: History in the Making - An Early Returnee's Account

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622091719
eISBN:
9789882206700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622091719.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

In 1958, there was a nationwide killing of sparrows. An official directive was issued in 1958 by the Chinese government which stated that the whole nation was to stop work for three days to take part ... More


The Lurid and Ludic in the Chinese Cultural Revolution: Oral Disciplines and Oedipal Aggression in Mao’s Re-education Camps

Edward Weisband

in The Macabresque: Human Violation and Hate in Genocide, Mass Atrocity and Enemy-Making

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190677886
eISBN:
9780190677916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190677886.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the Chinese Cultural Revolution not so much to “explain” why it happened. Rather, it demonstrates the relevance of traditional values and certain child-rearing practices to ... More


Making It Count: Statistics and Statecraft in the Early People’s Republic of China

Arunabh Ghosh

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691179476
eISBN:
9780691199214
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691179476.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

In 1949, at the end of a long period of wars, one of the biggest challenges facing leaders of the new People's Republic of China was how much they did not know. The government of one of the world's ... More


Between Truth and Lies

Peter Martin

in China's Civilian Army: The Inside Story of China's Quest for Global Power

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780197513705
eISBN:
9780197513736
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197513705.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

By the late 1950s, signs of strain in Chinese diplomacy were evident as Mao Zedong pushed the further radicalization of Chinese politics and society, culminating in the devastating famine during the ... More


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