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The Great Kant? Earthquake and the Chimera of National Reconstruction in Japan

J. Charles Schencking

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162180
eISBN:
9780231535069
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162180.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

In September 1923, a magnitude 7.9 earthquake devastated eastern Japan, killing more than 120,000 people and leaving two million homeless. This book tells the graphic tale of Tokyo's destruction and ... More


Cataclysm: The Earthquake Disaster as a Lived and Reported Experience

J. Charles Schencking

in The Great Kant? Earthquake and the Chimera of National Reconstruction in Japan

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162180
eISBN:
9780231535069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162180.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter reviews the experiences of people who survived the Great Kantō Earthquake. It also presents facts and figures brought by the destruction. The earthquakes did more than just destroy homes ... More


Admonishment: Interpreting Catastrophe as Divine Punishment

J. Charles Schencking

in The Great Kant? Earthquake and the Chimera of National Reconstruction in Japan

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162180
eISBN:
9780231535069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162180.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter analyzes how the Japanese elite interpreted the Great Kantō Earthquake as an act of divine warning and punishment due to increased frivolity, decadence, and hedonism in Tokyo, ... More


Communication: Constructing the Earthquake as a National Tragedy

J. Charles Schencking

in The Great Kant? Earthquake and the Chimera of National Reconstruction in Japan

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162180
eISBN:
9780231535069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162180.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines how the Japanese government and media instilled into the populace the culture of renewal and reconstruction needed to form a true modern, imperial capital. Political leaders ... More


Aftermath: The Ordeal of Restoration and Recovery

J. Charles Schencking

in The Great Kant? Earthquake and the Chimera of National Reconstruction in Japan

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162180
eISBN:
9780231535069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162180.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter recalls the steps taken by the Japanese government to bring back order to Tokyo right after the Great Kantō Earthquake. Aware that the unprecedented disaster required an equally ... More


Introduction

J. Charles Schencking

in The Great Kant? Earthquake and the Chimera of National Reconstruction in Japan

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162180
eISBN:
9780231535069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162180.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This introductory chapter provides an insight into the events that happened during and after the 1923 Great Kantō Earthquake. Referred locally as the Kantō daishinsai, the calamity was one of the ... More


Regeneration: Forging a New Japan Through Spiritual Renewal and Fiscal Retrenchment

J. Charles Schencking

in The Great Kant? Earthquake and the Chimera of National Reconstruction in Japan

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162180
eISBN:
9780231535069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162180.003.0008
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter discusses the need for spiritual renewal in Japan in the wake of the Great Kantō Earthquake. Japan's greatest natural disaster unleashed a cacophony of voices calling for the need to ... More


Readjustment: Rebuilding Tokyo from the Ashes

J. Charles Schencking

in The Great Kant? Earthquake and the Chimera of National Reconstruction in Japan

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162180
eISBN:
9780231535069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162180.003.0009
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter analyzes some controversial policies enacted during the reconstruction of Tokyo after the Great Kantō Earthquake. It stresses the policy of kukaku seiri or land readjustment, an idea ... More


Conclusion

J. Charles Schencking

in The Great Kant? Earthquake and the Chimera of National Reconstruction in Japan

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162180
eISBN:
9780231535069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162180.003.0010
Subject:
History, Asian History

This concluding chapter briefly outlines the developments that happened during the reconstruction of Tokyo after the Great Kantō Earthquake. It highlights an event in 1930 when the Shōwa Emperor ... More


Optimism: Dreams for a New Metropolis Amid a Landscape of Ruin

J. Charles Schencking

in The Great Kant? Earthquake and the Chimera of National Reconstruction in Japan

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162180
eISBN:
9780231535069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162180.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter describes the optimistic views of the Japanese elite who saw the Great Kantō Earthquake as an opportunity to create a “new” Tokyo that would be free from the social ills and afflictions ... More


The Expanding Arts of the Interwar Period

Gennifer Weisenfeld

in Since Meiji: Perspectives on the Japanese Visual Arts, 1868-2000

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824834418
eISBN:
9780824871239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824834418.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines how the arts flourished in Japan during the interwar period. It first considers a range of Japanese artists who began forming local avant-gardist associations at the beginning ... More


Contestation: The Fractious Politics of Reconstruction Planning

J. Charles Schencking

in The Great Kant? Earthquake and the Chimera of National Reconstruction in Japan

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162180
eISBN:
9780231535069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162180.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter outlines politics surrounding the reconstruction and renewal of Tokyo after the Great Kantō Earthquake, under the leadership of Home Minister Gotō Shinpei. Rather than unite the ... More


After the Quake

M. Cody Poulton

in A Beggar's Art: Scripting Modernity in Japanese Drama, 1900-1930

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833411
eISBN:
9780824869151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833411.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter marks a watershed moment for Japanese theatre in the wake of the 1923 Great Kantō Earthquake. Practically every major theatre had been destroyed in the quake and the ensuing fires. The ... More


Sculpture

Shūji Tanaka

in Since Meiji: Perspectives on the Japanese Visual Arts, 1868-2000

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824834418
eISBN:
9780824871239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824834418.003.0012
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter discusses the history of modern Japanese sculpture from Edo to Meiji up to the postwar period. From the opening of Japan in the Meiji period, beginning in 1868, there had been ... More


“Now is the Day for Japan”: The YMCA

Elisheva A. Perelman

in American Evangelists and Tuberculosis in Modern Japan

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9789888528141
eISBN:
9789882204959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888528141.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

Chapter VI analyzes the arrival of the Young Men’s Christian Association in Japan and with it, the rise of the moral enterprise in evangelical work. For the Y.M.C.A., this meant balancing the need ... More


Akita Ujaku: The Skeletons’ Dance

M. Cody Poulton

in A Beggar's Art: Scripting Modernity in Japanese Drama, 1900-1930

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833411
eISBN:
9780824869151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833411.003.0008
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter provides a translation for Akita Ujaku's The Skeletons' Dance—one of the first works to address the slaughter of Koreans after the 1923 earthquake. The Skeletons' Dance does not portray ... More


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