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 Partial Judgments and Divided Churches: America's First Great Awakening

Chris Beneke

in Beyond Toleration: The Religious Origins of American Pluralism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305555
eISBN:
9780199784899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305558.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter focuses on the disruptive religious revivals of the 1740s and 1750s, known as the First Great Awakening. It explores how the impressive mobility and astonishing popularity of itinerant ... More


The Indian Great Awakening: Religion and the Shaping of Native Cultures in Early America

Linford D. Fisher

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199740048
eISBN:
9780199949892
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740048.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This book tells the gripping story of American Indians’ attempts to wrestle with the ongoing realities of colonialism between the 1660s and 1820. By tracing the religious and cultural engagement of ... More


Awakening

Linford D. Fisher

in The Indian Great Awakening: Religion and the Shaping of Native Cultures in Early America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199740048
eISBN:
9780199949892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740048.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

The Great Awakening has long been recognized by historians as an important moment in time for Indian communities in Connecticut, Rhode Island, and on Long Island, New York. This chapter examines the ... More


 Hymnody and History: Early American Evangelical Hymns as Sacred Music

Stephen A. Marini

in Music in American Religious Experience

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195173048
eISBN:
9780199872091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173048.003.0008
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

This chapter examines the ways in which early American hymns provided texts and discourse for American history by employing computer-assisted statistical analysis. Evangelical hymns formed as ... More


The Long Life and Final Collapse of the Puritan Canopy

Mark A. Noll

in America's God: From Jonathan Edwards to Abraham Lincoln

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151114
eISBN:
9780199834532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151119.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

By 1750, a transition was beginning to take place in American Christianity. Americans began to replace traditional theology with public intellectual ideologies like republicanism and commonsense ... More


Good Reasons to Believe

Philip N. Mulder

in A Controversial Spirit: Evangelical Awakenings in the South

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195131635
eISBN:
9780199834525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195131630.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Although the Great Awakening temporarily split Presbyterians into Old Side and New Side, moderation prevailed as Presbyterians tamed the New Light with their traditional emphases on clerical ... More


Jonathan Edwards and the First Great Awakening: Heaven Is a World of Love

Gary Scott Smith

in Heaven in the American Imagination

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199738953
eISBN:
9780199897346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738953.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Widely considered America's greatest theologian, Jonathan Edwards, more than any other American, asserted that love dominated and defined heaven—the love among the three members of the Trinity, the ... More


The Early National Era and the Second Great Awakening

Gary Scott Smith

in Heaven in the American Imagination

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199738953
eISBN:
9780199897346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738953.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Led by James McGready, Timothy Dwight, Asahel Nettleton, and Charles Finney, the Second Great Awakening (1800–40) had a significant impact on American society. Both prominent revivalists and ordinary ... More


Conclusion: The Great Awakening of the Late Twentieth Century

Amanda Porterfield

in The Transformation of American Religion: The Story of a Late-Twentieth-Century Awakening

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195131376
eISBN:
9780199834570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195131371.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The changes that took place in American religious life during the late twentieth century were, in some important respects, unprecedented. As the U.S. became hospitable to virtually all the religions ... More


Evidence in History

James Davison Hunter

in To Change the World: The Irony, Tragedy, and Possibility of Christianity Today

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199730803
eISBN:
9780199777082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730803.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The alternative view of cultural change that assigns roles not only to ideas but also to elites, networks, technology, and new institutions, provides a much better account of the growth in ... More


Masters and Pastors: Anglicanism, Revivalism, and Slavery, 1740–65

Travis Glasson

in Mastering Christianity: Missionary Anglicanism and Slavery in the Atlantic World

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199773961
eISBN:
9780199919017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773961.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter explores the SPG’s slave conversion program in the colonies in the period between 1740 and 1765. After 1740, the Society’s religious program was increasingly affected by the ... More


Alternative Viewpoint: Edwards and Revival

Willem van Vlastuin

in Understanding Jonathan Edwards: An Introduction to America's Theologian

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195373431
eISBN:
9780199871681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373431.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter evaluates Edwards from four perspectives—the spiritual (Edwards’s metanarrative of history is a spiritual history directed to revival and the millennium), the historical (Edwards had ... More


Grassroots Changes and Regional Ideology 1800–1815

Jonathan D. Sassi

in A Republic of Righteousness: The Public Christianity of the Post-Revolutionary New England Clergy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129892
eISBN:
9780199834624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512989X.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The first fifteen years of the nineteenth century constituted a transitional period for orthodox Congregationalists, as they moved from their eighteenth‐century establishmentarianism toward a new, ... More


A Republic of Righteousness: The Public Christianity of the Post-Revolutionary New England Clergy

Jonathan D. Sassi

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129892
eISBN:
9780199834624
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512989X.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This book analyzes the debate over the proper connection between religion and society that took place in southern New England during the fifty years after the American Revolution. It finds that a ... More


GOD BLESS AMERICA

Dan P. McAdams

in The Redemptive Self: Stories Americans Live By

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176933
eISBN:
9780199786787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176933.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Drawing from empirical research on the psychology and sociology of religion and from historical analyses of American religious life, this chapter describes how religiosity among Americans is ... More


A Controversial Spirit: Evangelical Awakenings in the South

Philip N. Mulder

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195131635
eISBN:
9780199834525
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195131630.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Presbyterians, Baptists, and Methodists in the American South competed divisively with each other during the First and Second Great Awakenings, establishing a spirited evangelical presence in the ... More


The African-American Great Awakening

Jay Riley Case

in An Unpredictable Gospel: American Evangelicals and World Christianity, 1812-1920

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199772322
eISBN:
9780199932528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199772322.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Church History

In the decades after the Civil War, African-American evangelicalism grew dramatically in a movement that can be called the African-American Great Awakening. More than just church switching from white ... More


The Kingdom of Matthias

Paul E. Johnson and Sean Wilentz

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195098358
eISBN:
9780199854134
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195098358.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

In the autumn of 1834, New York City was awash with rumors of a strange religious cult operating nearby, centered around a mysterious, self-styled prophet named Matthias. It was said that Matthias ... More


Migrating

Linford D. Fisher

in The Indian Great Awakening: Religion and the Shaping of Native Cultures in Early America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199740048
eISBN:
9780199949892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740048.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

By the 1770s, the generation of Indians that had most fully experienced the Great Awakening and the accompanying cultural and religious changes had become disillusioned with Anglo Christian culture ... More


Inventing George Whitefield: Race, Revivalism, and the Making of a Religious Icon

Jessica M. Parr

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781628461985
eISBN:
9781626744998
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781628461985.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

In 1770, English missionary George Whitefield died in Newburyport, Massachusetts. His death marked the start of a complex legacy that in many ways rendered Whitefield more powerful and influential in ... More


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