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Federalism, Democratization, and the Rule of Law in Russia

Jeffrey Kahn

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246991
eISBN:
9780191599606
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246998.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This book examines the development of Russia's current federal system of government from its Soviet origins, through Mikhail Gorbachev's reforms, to the presidencies of Boris Yeltsin and the early ... More


The Making of a Reformist General Secretary

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This chapter traces Gorbachev's progress from birth in March 1931 in a peasant family in southern Russia to his appointment as the Secretary of the Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party ... More


The Ideas of Nikolai Bukharin

A. Kemp-Welch (ed.)

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278665
eISBN:
9780191684227
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278665.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Nikolai Bukharin was a pioneer and founder member of Soviet Communism. An Old Bolshevik and a close comrade of Lenin, he was shot by Stalin, but eventually reinstated, posthumously, under Gorbachev. ... More


The Gorbachev Factor

Archie Brown

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This is an analysis of how fundamental change came about in the Soviet Union and of the part played by political leadership. In its most general aspect, it is a contribution to the literature on ... More


An Evolving Elite

Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White

in The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and its Members 1917-1991

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297383
eISBN:
9780191599842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297386.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

Across the years of its existence, the USSR witnessed three elite revolutions: in 1917, when the Tsarist elite was replaced by a Bolshevik elite of professional revolutionaries; during the Purges, ... More


Gorbachev's Federalism Problem

Jeffrey Kahn

in Federalism, Democratization, and the Rule of Law in Russia

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246991
eISBN:
9780191599606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246998.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

The Soviet Union's ‘nationalities problem’ was one of the fundamental hurdles that Mikhail Gorbachev failed to clear in his attempt at systemic transformation of the USSR. Less understood, and far ... More


Introduction

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

Obstacles to democratization and pre‐conditions for transformative change are examined, as are changing evaluations of Mikhail Gorbachev. The weakness of the dissident movement in the first half of ... More


In the Portals of Power

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

When Gorbachev moved to Moscow in November 1978, he became – at the age of 47 – the youngest member of the predominantly elderly Soviet top leadership team. He received rapid promotion, becoming a ... More


The Power of Ideas and the Power of Appointment

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

A back‐handed tribute to the power of ideas had been paid by the Soviet leadership prior to Gorbachev's coming to power through the lengths to which they went not only to promote official ... More


Gorbachev and Economic Reform

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

Gorbachev's two major failures were in economic reform and in resolution of the ‘national question’, although that statement has to be qualified by the observation that the problems involved were so ... More


Gorbachev and Political Transformation

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

A central thesis of the book, elaborated especially in this chapter, is that from the outset of his General Secretaryship, Gorbachev was seriously interested in political change as well as in ... More


Gorbachev and Foreign Policy

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

Gorbachev was able to have a decisive impact on the development of ideas concerning the Soviet Union's relationship with the outside world and on the actual conduct of Soviet foreign policy by virtue ... More


The National Question, and the Coup, the Collapse of the Soviet Union

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

The chapter concentrates on one of the four transformations identified in Ch. 6 as necessary if the Soviet Union were to make a transition from authoritarianism to democracy – the need to transform ... More


Conclusions

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

Of the four transformations outlined in Ch. 6, two of the four had, by the end of the 1980s, been successful beyond the dreams of Soviet dissidents and of the most optimistic Western observers at the ... More


The Making of a Social Class: The Post‐Soviet Bourgeoisie

Graeme Gill

in Bourgeoisie, State and Democracy: Russia, Britain, France, Germany, and the USA

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199544684
eISBN:
9780191719912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544684.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Democratization

This chapter looks at the origins of the post-Soviet bourgeoisie. It analyses the way it emerged during perestroika, and especially the role of the party state and its resources in both the shaping ... More


Russia

Stephen White

in Semi-Presidentialism in Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293866
eISBN:
9780191599156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293860.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Russian presidency is of recent origin, although there was always a prime minister, or (in the Soviet period) a chairman of the Council of Ministers. The prime minister and his colleagues were ... More


The End of the Cold War and Cooperation in the End, 1984–1993

Geir Lundestad

in The United States and Western Europe Since 1945: From "Empire" by Invitation to Transatlantic Drift

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266685
eISBN:
9780191601057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266689.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Charts the changes that occurred in American–Western European relations during the years of the Reagan and Bush administrations of 1984–1993, which marked a change in the Cold War (largely as a ... More


State and Class the Russian Revolution

David Armstrong

in Revolution and World Order: The Revolutionary State in International Society

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198275282
eISBN:
9780191598739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198275285.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

International society in the nineteenth century witnessed the assertion of special rights for great powers and some strengthening of the Westphalian bases of international order in the Concert of ... More


The Leaders of the Contemporary Russian Revolution Speak . . .

Vladimir Mau and Irina Starodubrovskaya

in The Challenge of Revolution: Contemporary Russia in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241507
eISBN:
9780191599835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241503.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter presents an assessment, based on interviews with its leading protagonists (Gorbachev, Yakovlev, Gaidar, Burbulis), of the assumptions, objectives, and implementation of the reform ... More


From the Union to Independence

Alexander V. Prusin

in The Lands Between: Conflict in the East European Borderlands, 1870-1992

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199297535
eISBN:
9780191594328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297535.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

This chapter discusses the Soviet socio‐economic and nationality policies in the borderlands between the death of Stalin and the breakup of the Soviet Union. As in the borderlands under the Russian ... More


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