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David M. Armstrong

in Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

David Lewis' major contribution to the ontology of classes is to perceive that many‐membered classes are mereological sums of the singletons (unit‐classes of their members: {a, b, c, d, . . .} is ... More


Introduction: Alberti's Window, Leonardo's Mirror, and van Gogh's Room

John V. Kulvicki

in On Images: Their Structure and Content

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199290758
eISBN:
9780191604010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019929075X.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter reviews Nelson Goodman’s proposals concerning depiction, identifies problems with them, and suggests how they can be overcome without appealing to a perceptual account of pictorial ... More


Information, Imitation, and Inculcation

John V. Kulvicki

in On Images: Their Structure and Content

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199290758
eISBN:
9780191604010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019929075X.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Verity, discussed in Chapter 11, is not the whole story about pictorial realism. Other accounts of realism appeal to the relative informativeness of representations, the way in which perceiving them ... More


A Philosophical Guide to Conditionals

Jonathan Bennett

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199258871
eISBN:
9780191597046
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258872.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Conditionals are of two basic kinds, often called ‘indicative’ and ‘subjunctive’. This book expounds and evaluates the main literature about each kind. It eventually defends the view of Adams and ... More


Introduction

PETER SIMONS

in Parts: A Study in Ontology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241460
eISBN:
9780191696930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241460.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This book provides a connected account of the various kinds of mereology, or formal theory of part, whole, and related concepts, which exist in the literature. It also exposes the philosophical ... More


The Uncrowned King of Swing: Fletcher Henderson and Big Band Jazz

Jeffrey Magee

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195090222
eISBN:
9780199871469
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195090222.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Popular

If Benny Goodman was the “King of Swing”, then Fletcher Henderson might be considered the power behind the throne. Not only did Henderson arrange the music that fueled Goodman's success, he also ... More


 Filmmaking and World Making: Re‐Creating Time and Space in Myth and Film

S. Brent Plate

in Teaching Religion and Film

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195335989
eISBN:
9780199868940
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335989.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter discusses the similar structures of religious worlds and films. It thus offers an introduction to theories and terms of religious studies through the popular medium of film. Drawing on ... More


Building the Kingdom of Swing

Jeffrey Magee

in The Uncrowned King of Swing: Fletcher Henderson and Big Band Jazz

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195090222
eISBN:
9780199871469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195090222.003.0010
Subject:
Music, Popular

After his own group disbanded, Henderson began writing arrangements for Benny Goodman's band to play on a network radio program called Let's Dance. The Henderson-Goodman collaboration has been ... More


The Standard Conception of Composition

Kathrin Koslicki

in The Structure of Objects

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199539895
eISBN:
9780191716300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539895.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter is devoted to an exposition of the main concepts and principles of standard mereology, the system originally developed by Stanislaw Leśniewski and introduced into the English-speaking ... More


Justification and the Psychology of Human Reasoning

Stephen Stich and Richard E. Nisbett

in Collected Papers, Volume 2: Knowledge, Rationality, and Morality, 1978-2010

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199733477
eISBN:
9780199949823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199733477.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter makes an extended case for the philosophical relevance of recent empirical work on reasoning. It focuses on the implications of this work for an analysis of justification of inductive ... More


Distinctness and Indiscernibility in the Allographic Arts

Peter Lamarque

in Work and Object: Explorations in the Metaphysics of Art

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199577460
eISBN:
9780191722998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577460.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Nelson Goodman defines allographic arts, such as music and literature, as arts that are not forgeable by producing a notationally identical copy (so-called ‘referential forgery’). Autographic arts, ... More


How to Think about Words

Gary Ebbs

in Truth and Words

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557936
eISBN:
9780191721403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557936.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The Tarski–Quine thesis and the Intersubjectivity Constraint appear incompatible. This chapter argues that the appearance is rooted in our acceptance of a standard conception of words, according to ... More


THE PREVAILING WINDS

Marion Elizabeth Rodgers

in Mencken: The American Iconoclast

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195072389
eISBN:
9780199787982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195072389.003.0018
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

America's entry into war on April 2, 1917, turned Mencken's life upside down. As a German-American now writing for the New York Evening Mail, he became the target of super-patriots. George Creel ... More


VARIATIONS ON A FAMILIAR THEME

Marion Elizabeth Rodgers

in Mencken: The American Iconoclast

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195072389
eISBN:
9780199787982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195072389.003.0033
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Sara Haardt's health crisis in 1929 occurred when Mencken was immersed in the writing of Treatise on the Gods, a culmination of his thinking on the nature and origin of religion. The book was ... More


THE TUNE CHANGES

Marion Elizabeth Rodgers

in Mencken: The American Iconoclast

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195072389
eISBN:
9780199787982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195072389.003.0038
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Although Mencken remained popular among American blacks during the 1930s, he began to alienate Jewish American fans who believed that Mencken, like the rest of the world, was ignoring the threat of ... More


Racial Noise, Hybridity, and Miscegenation in World Music

Roshanak Kheshti

in Modernity'S Ear: Listening to Race and Gender in World Music

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781479867011
eISBN:
9781479861125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479867011.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

Chapter 4 critically reads the ethos of cross-cultural collaboration promoted by this culture industry through the trope of musical hybridity. By theorizing the links between hybridity and ... More


Goodman’s Symbol Theory

Dominic Lopes

in Understanding Pictures

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199272037
eISBN:
9780191699566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272037.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Mind

In Languages of Art, Goodman argues that just as words, descriptions, and sentences are symbols belonging to languages, so pictures are symbols in systems of representation. In this chapter, before ... More


Pictorial Reference

Dominic Lopes

in Understanding Pictures

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199272037
eISBN:
9780191699566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272037.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Mind

Goodman’s fifth thesis asserts that a picture’s reference in no way depends on its content—the properties it represents its subject as having. To address this impediment to a perceptual theory of ... More


Object and Word

Samuel Guttenplan

in Objects of Metaphor

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280896
eISBN:
9780191602627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280894.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Beginning with Nelson Goodman’s notion of exemplification, the possibility of using non-word objects (where ‘objects’ include events, states of affairs, situations and the like) to fulfil the ... More


Justification

Elliott Sober

in Simplicity

Published in print:
1975
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198244073
eISBN:
9780191680724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244073.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The theory that has been elaborated and defended in the preceding chapter justifies the use of simplicity in hypothesis choice on the grounds that informativeness is one of our goals in choosing ... More


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