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Tectonics and Geomorphology of Africa during the Phanerozoic

Timothy C. Partridge

in Cenozoic Mammals of Africa

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520257214
eISBN:
9780520945425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257214.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The Cenozoic evolution of Africa cannot be comprehended satisfactorily without reference to the early history of the Gondwana supercontinent and the events that occurred during and following its ... More


The Countercheck: Australia, Melanesia, and Sub-Saharan Africa

E. J. Michael Witzel

in The Origins of the World's Mythologies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195367461
eISBN:
9780199932047
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367461.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

The Gondwana mythologies of sub-Saharan Africa, New Guinea/Melanesia, and Australia differ substantially from each other and, importantly, especially so from Laurasian mythology. This chapter ... More


First Tales: Pan-Gaean Mythology

E. J. Michael Witzel

in The Origins of the World's Mythologies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195367461
eISBN:
9780199932047
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367461.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

This chapter investigates whether Laurasian and Gondwana mythologies have common characteristics that allow us to reconstruct a common ancestor. It compares myths at a level that is several ... More


Laurasian Mythology in Historical Development

E. J. Michael Witzel

in The Origins of the World's Mythologies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195367461
eISBN:
9780199932047
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367461.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

This chapter focuses on the development that various mythologies have undergone since their inception. It takes a closer look at one item that stands in potential early myths—the importance of late ... More


Outlook

E. J. Michael Witzel

in The Origins of the World's Mythologies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195367461
eISBN:
9780199932047
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367461.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

This chapter attempts to capture the meaning of the reconstructed Laurasian, Gondwana, and Pan-Gaean mythologies. It argues that Laurasian mythology has a well-developed narrative; it is not a ... More


Phylogeny, Fossils, and Biogeography: The Evolutionary History of Superfamily Noctilionoidea (Chiroptera: Yangochiroptera)

Norberto P. Giannini and Paúl M. Velazco

in Phyllostomid Bats: A Unique Mammalian Radiation

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226696126
eISBN:
9780226696263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226696263.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The superfamily Noctilionoidea comprises more than 230 species in 68 genera and is one of the most ecologically diverse groups of mammals, as its species consume almost the entire dietary spectrum ... More


Calcrete aquifers

David C. Culver and Tanja Pipan

in Shallow Subterranean Habitats: Ecology, Evolution, and Conservation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199646173
eISBN:
9780191780233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646173.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Calcrete aquifers are carbonate deposits in desert terrains, the equivalent of karst in arid climates. While occurring in desert areas throughout the world, the fauna has only been well studied in ... More


Biodiversity and Biogeography of Deserts

David Ward

in The Biology of Deserts

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198732754
eISBN:
9780191796982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732754.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Productivity–diversity relationships have been well studied in some deserts and have helped us to understand the factors controlling ecosystem function at a large spatial scale. Studies of ... More


Evolution and Biogeography

Jaboury Ghazoul

in Dipterocarp Biology, Ecology, and Conservation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199639656
eISBN:
9780191827167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639656.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The evolutionary relationships among the dipterocarps remain a topic of debate. While some branches of the dipterocarp phylogenetic tree are reasonably well resolved, others remain uncertain and ... More


Continents and Supercontinents

Roy Livermore

in The Tectonic Plates are Moving!

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198717867
eISBN:
9780191860492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198717867.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics, History of Physics

Keith Runcorn’s boys showed beyond any doubt that the continents had been touring the globe since the Precambrian, long before they converged on Pangea. Their precise pre-Pangea itineraries were, ... More


The Ice Returns

Jan Zalasiewicz and Mark Williams

in The Goldilocks Planet: The 4 billion year story of Earth's climate

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199593576
eISBN:
9780191918018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199593576.003.0011
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmentalist Thought and Ideology

Among the marvellous fossils retrieved from Seymour Island—a thin strip of land near the northern tip of the Antarctic Peninsula, is a giant penguin that lived forty million years ago. Called ... More


The Last of the Warmth

Jan Zalasiewicz and Mark Williams

in The Goldilocks Planet: The 4 billion year story of Earth's climate

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199593576
eISBN:
9780191918018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199593576.003.0012
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmentalist Thought and Ideology

The Pan-American Highway rises in the far north of the Americas at Prudhoe Bay, Alaska and, except for a small gap in Panama, runs the entire length of the two American continents to terminate at ... More


Between Greenhouse and Icehouse

Jan Zalasiewicz and Mark Williams

in The Goldilocks Planet: The 4 billion year story of Earth's climate

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199593576
eISBN:
9780191918018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199593576.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmentalist Thought and Ideology

There is a celebrated Flemish painting by Pieter Bruegel the Elder in the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna. It depicts the age-old battle between Carnival and Lent. Carnival—a time of high ... More


Continental Drift—The Road to Plate Tectonics

John J.W. Rogers and M. Santosh

in Continents and Supercontinents

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195165890
eISBN:
9780197562147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195165890.003.0003
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geology and the Lithosphere

Alfred Wegener never set out to be a geologist. With an education in meteorology and astronomy, his career seemed clear when he was appointed Lecturer in those subjects at the University of ... More


The influence of humans

Tony Hallam

in Catastrophes and Lesser Calamities: The causes of mass extinctions

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198524977
eISBN:
9780191916434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198524977.003.0014
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Historical Geology

We saw in Chapters 5 and 7 that the Quaternary was a time of low extinction rates despite a succession of strong environmental changes induced ultimately by climate. This began to change from a few ... More


Temperate Forests of the Southern Andean Region

Thomas T. Veblen

in The Physical Geography of South America

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195313413
eISBN:
9780197562475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195313413.003.0021
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Physical Geography and Topography

Although most of the continent of South America is characterized by tropical vegetation, south of the tropic of Capricorn there is a full range of temperate-latitude vegetation types including ... More


Gondwana and Pangea

John J.W. Rogers and M. Santosh

in Continents and Supercontinents

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195165890
eISBN:
9780197562147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195165890.003.0010
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geology and the Lithosphere

Pangea, the most recent supercontinent, attained its condition of maximum packing at ~250 Ma. At this time, it consisted of a northern part, Laurasia, and a southern part, Gondwana. Gondwana ... More


Oxygen deficiency in the oceans

Tony Hallam

in Catastrophes and Lesser Calamities: The causes of mass extinctions

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198524977
eISBN:
9780191916434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198524977.003.0009
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Historical Geology

We are all very much aware that oxygen deprivation leads quickly to death, and this is true not just of our own species but of virtually the whole organic world. There are indeed very few ... More


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