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Philo to Christian Beginnings

Terryl L. Givens

in When Souls Had Wings: Pre-Mortal Existence in Western Thought

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195313901
eISBN:
9780199871933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313901.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

In the Hellenistic era, the center of Christian learning shifted to Alexandria. Philo effects a synthesis of Platonic and Hebraic ideas, including preexistence. The idea persists through numerous ... More


Augustine and the Formation of Orthodoxy

Terryl L. Givens

in When Souls Had Wings: Pre-Mortal Existence in Western Thought

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195313901
eISBN:
9780199871933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313901.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Preexistence was often linked to immortality, a threat to orthodox conceptions of the human soul. Other problems with the doctrine were its connection with Gnostics and with Plato and its ... More


The First Thousand Years

Gerald O'Collins SJ and Mario Farrugia SJ

in Catholicism: The Story of Catholic Christianity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199259946
eISBN:
9780191602122
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259941.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter first examines the Church’s spread in the post-Pentecost situation, its early leadership, the persecutions, and the enduring contributions of Justin, Irenaeus, Tertullian, Origen, and ... More


The Alternative Trinity: Gnostic Heresy in Marlowe, Milton, and Blake

The late A. D. Nuttall

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198184621
eISBN:
9780191674327
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198184621.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Poetry, Drama

The Trinity of orthodox Christianity is harmonious. The Trinity for Blake is, conspicuously, not a happy family: the Father and the Son do not get on. It might be thought that so cumbersome a notion ... More


Second Ennead

Paul Kalligas

in The Enneads of Plotinus: A Commentary

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154213
eISBN:
9781400852512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154213.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents the English translation of Paul Kalligas’s commentary on the second Enneads of Plotinus. The second Ennead deals with “natural philosophy, including the physical universe and ... More


The Serpent's Gift: Gnostic Reflections on the Study of Religion

Jeffrey J. Kripal

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226453804
eISBN:
9780226453828
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226453828.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

“Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field.” With those words in Genesis, God condemns the serpent for tempting Adam and Eve, and the serpent ... More


Boundaries (Part I): Interpretation among the Heterodox

Peter W. Martens

in Origen and Scripture: The Contours of the Exegetical Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199639557
eISBN:
9780191738135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639557.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Biblical Studies

The interpretation of commonly held Scriptures was the principal arena in which Origen contested with his chief religious adversaries, heterodox Christians and the Jews. He often constructed an ... More


Learning Letters

Stephen J. Davis

in Christ Child: Cultural Memories of a Young Jesus

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780300149456
eISBN:
9780300206609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300149456.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Chapter 5 is the third and final case study on “sites of memory” related to childhood in the Graeco-Roman world. The focus is on the stories of Jesus’ interaction with teachers at school (and in the ... More


Origen of Alexandria

Thomas P. Scheck (ed.)

in Christian Theologies of Salvation: A Comparative Introduction

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780814724439
eISBN:
9780814760642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814724439.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter addresses the theology of Origen. Though Origen lived through a period with little to no doctrinal consensus, he produced a rather organized and consistent theology (for his time) in the ... More


One Bible, Two Covenants

Eugen J. Pentiuc

in The Old Testament in Eastern Orthodox Tradition

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780195331226
eISBN:
9780199358380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331226.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Religion in the Ancient World

This chapter discusses the unity in diversity of the Old and New Testaments within the Christian Bible. The emergence of the New Testament, primarily the gospel, was preceded by the Christian ... More


Restoring the Adam of Light

in The Serpent's Gift: Gnostic Reflections on the Study of Religion

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226453804
eISBN:
9780226453828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226453828.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter turns to some of the Gnostic contours of modern critical thought. It is striking that the gnostic texts claim repeatedly that the original Adam or Human One knew more and more deeply ... More


Religions of Transformation

Mark Edwards

in Religions of the Constantinian Empire

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780199687725
eISBN:
9780191815034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687725.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Chapter 7 observes that religions which might be described as esoteric or transformative acquire an unprecedented prominence in this period. The polemic of Alexander of Lycopolis against the ... More


Cain and Abel Christianized

Robert C. Gregg

in Shared Stories, Rival Tellings: Early Encounters of Jews, Christians, and Muslims

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780190231491
eISBN:
9780190231521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190231491.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Several references to the Cain–Abel clash occur in the New Testament. Because of Abel’s righteousness Cain murdered him (c.f., 1 John 3:12) and in Matthew 23:29–36, Jesus predicts that scribes and ... More


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