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Income Distribution: Includes CD

Fred Campano and Dominick Salvatore

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195300918
eISBN:
9780199783441
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195300912.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Intended as an introductory textbook for advanced undergraduates and first year graduate students, this book leads the reader from familiar basic micro- and macroeconomic concepts in the introduction ... More


Income Distribution Summary Measures

Fred Campano and Dominick Salvatore

in Income Distribution: Includes CD

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195300918
eISBN:
9780199783441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195300912.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Formulas for computing the most commonly used summary measure of income distribution are given. These include the mean, median, and mode. The methodology for computing shares of total income obtained ... More


Measurement of scoring systems

Lyn C. Thomas

in Consumer Credit Models: Pricing, Profit and Portfolios

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199232130
eISBN:
9780191715914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232130.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Finance

This chapter describes the different ways of measuring how good a scoring system is. It clarifies that there are three different ways of measuring the systems: their ability to discriminate Goods ... More


Effects of Taxation on the Distribution of Income

Hiromitsu Ishi

in The Japanese Tax System

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242566
eISBN:
9780191596452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242569.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Deals with the effects of income taxes on income distribution. It is widely believed that the individual income tax, with progressive tax rates, can reduce the inequality of income distribution or at ... More


Distributions Displayed

Henry Phelps Brown

in Egalitarianism and the Generation of Inequality

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198286486
eISBN:
9780191596773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198286481.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Discusses how best to display distributions of income and wealth so that comparisons can be made between different periods or countries. The various different kinds of distribution curve that have ... More


Measures of Inequality

Amartya Sen

in On Economic Inequality

Published in print:
1973
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198281931
eISBN:
9780191715815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198281935.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Various measures of inequality that have been proposed in the literature are discussed. These fall into two categories: those that measure in some objective sense—positive measures that make no ... More


Education and Individual Income Inequality

Yue Chim Richard Wong

in Fixing Inequality in Hong Kong

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9789888390625
eISBN:
9789888390373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390625.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The contribution of recent immigrants to income dispersion has grown slightly. This reflects the fact that their numbers have been rising over time and that they tend to have a higher proportion of ... More


Ungrouping Income Distributions: synthesizing samples for inequality and poverty analysis

Anthony Shorrocks and Guanghua Wan

in Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen: Volume I: Ethics, Welfare, and Measurement

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199239115
eISBN:
9780191716935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239115.003.0023
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter describes a new method of facilitating inequality and poverty analysis of grouped distributional data by allowing individual income observations to be reconstructed from any feasible ... More


Income and Wealth Inequality in Japan

Colin McKenzie

in Income Inequality: Economic Disparities and the Middle Class in Affluent Countries

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804778244
eISBN:
9780804786751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804778244.003.0015
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter provides estimates of income inequality, income mobility, and wealth inequality for Japan. Income and consumption inequalities that are measured by the Gini coefficient, and estimated ... More


Income Inequality in Boom and Bust: A Tale from Iceland's Bubble Economy

Stefán Ólafsson and Arnaldur Sölvi Kristjánsson

in Income Inequality: Economic Disparities and the Middle Class in Affluent Countries

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804778244
eISBN:
9780804786751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804778244.003.0016
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter provides estimates of income inequality, income mobility, and wealth inequality for Japan. Income and consumption inequalities that are measured by the Gini coefficient, and estimated ... More


Policies for Addressing Near-Poverty

Yue Chim Richard Wong

in Fixing Inequality in Hong Kong

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9789888390625
eISBN:
9789888390373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390625.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The primary reason for poverty is that people are unmotivated to work, whether due to poor health, poor education, poor work habits, limited opportunities to take up good jobs, or other reasons. To ... More


Human Capital, Poverty, Inequality, and Intergenerational Mobility

Yue Chim Richard Wong

in Fixing Inequality in Hong Kong

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9789888390625
eISBN:
9789888390373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390625.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The idea that economic development can help alleviate poverty is at the heart of the belief that growth is the best cure for poverty. But it can only work if governments of developing economies ... More


Tackling Inequality in the 21st Century

Yue Chim Richard Wong

in Fixing Inequality in Hong Kong

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9789888390625
eISBN:
9789888390373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390625.003.0041
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Inequality in the 21st century is not only about alleviating poverty among the low- income classes but also about preventing the middle-income classes from sinking into near-poverty. It is about ... More


The Impact of Brazil’s Tax-Benefit System on Inequality and Poverty

Immervoll Herwig, Levy Horacio, Nogueira José Ricardo, O’Donoghue Cathal, and Bezerra de Siqueira Rozane

in Poverty, Inequality, and Policy in Latin America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262113243
eISBN:
9780262255400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262113243.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter evaluates the impact of the tax-benefit system on inequality and poverty in Brazil. The impact of direct taxes and government transfers has been derived using the Lorenz curve. The ... More


Inequality, Diversity, and Family

Michael Beenstock

in Heredity, Family, and Inequality: A Critique of Social Sciences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016926
eISBN:
9780262301381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016926.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter examines a variety of theories that attempt to explain intergenerational and sibling correlations and have been developed in several disciplines, including economics, psychology, ... More


Statistics

Michael Beenstock

in Heredity, Family, and Inequality: A Critique of Social Sciences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016926
eISBN:
9780262301381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016926.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter examines the use of statistics in assessing the relationship between phenotypes and genotypes. It proposes a simple data-generating process in which the phenotype of children depends on ... More


The Impact of Social Security and Other Factors on the Distribution of Wealth

Jagadeesh Gokhale and Laurence J. Kotlikoff

in The Distributional Aspects of Social Security and Social Security Reform

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226241067
eISBN:
9780226241890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226241890.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter describes the distribution of wealth. Wealth inequality exists in the absence of skill inequality, which is due to differences across households in the number of timing of their children ... More


Inequality and Development: An Overview

Frances Stewart and Emma Samman

in International Development: Ideas, Experience, and Prospects

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199671656
eISBN:
9780191751127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671656.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Inequality is one of the most important issues in development. seen as unjust from most philosophical perspectives, the evidence indicates it is deleterious to well-being generally, social stability, ... More


Measuring Inequality

Frank Cowell

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199594030
eISBN:
9780191808654
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199594030.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

What do we mean by inequality comparisons? If the rich just get richer and the poor get poorer, the answer might seem easy. But what if the income distribution changes in a complicated way? Can we ... More


Health Financing

Joia S. Mukherjee

in An Introduction to Global Health Delivery

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190662455
eISBN:
9780190662486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662455.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

As the world moves from vertical programs to Universal Health Coverage, governments must address health financing to develop systems. This chapter focuses on the financing of health care in ... More


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