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Phase transitions

Stephen J. Blundell and Katherine M. Blundell

in Concepts in Thermal Physics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199562091
eISBN:
9780191718236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562091.003.0028
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter focuses on phase transitions, discussing latent heat and deriving the Clausius-Clapeyron equation. It discusses the criteria for stability and metastability, and derives the Gibbs phase ... More


Fundamentals

Joel Bernstein

in Polymorphism in Molecular Crystals

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199236565
eISBN:
9780191707940
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236565.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter presents the thermodynamic fundamentals of polymorphism. The Gibbs Phase Rule is reviewed, followed by its application to polymorphic systems. The concept of energy/temperature diagrams ... More


Phase Diagrams Of Lyotropic Mixtures

Antônio M. Figueiredo Neto and Silvio R. A. Salinas

in The Physics of Lyotropic Liquid Crystals: Phase Transitions and Structural Properties

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198525509
eISBN:
9780191711756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525509.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Phase diagrams of lyotropic mixtures, in terms of temperature and relative concentrations of the components, display a variety of stable structures and regions. This chapter begins with the use of ... More


Phase Transitions

Jochen Rau

in Statistical Physics and Thermodynamics: An Introduction to Key Concepts

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780199595068
eISBN:
9780191844300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199595068.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

At a phase transition two or more different phases may coexist, such as vapour and liquid. Phase transitions can be classified according to their order. A phase transition is of first order if going ... More


Phase change

Andrew M. Steane

in Thermodynamics: A complete undergraduate course

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198788560
eISBN:
9780191830426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198788560.003.0022
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The general topic of phase change is discussed. First-order and continuous phase changes are defined, and the former expounded more fully. Example phase diagrams are given, and entropy and volume ... More


Alloys

J. B. Ketterson

in The Physics of Solids

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198742906
eISBN:
9780191821523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742906.003.0039
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Metallurgy is basically about mixtures involving at least one metal and, through composition and processing, strategies to achieve better properties for various applications. Forming mixtures of two ... More


Phase equilibria I

Boris S. Bokstein, Mikhail I. Mendelev, and David J. Srolovitz

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198528036
eISBN:
9780191916632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198528036.003.0004
Subject:
Chemistry, Thermochemistry and Chemical Thermodynamics

This chapter addresses the general features of phase equilibria and applies them to single component systems. Before extending our study of phase equilibria to the ... More


The Critical Point in Pure Fluids and Mixtures

Eldred H. Chimowitz

in Introduction to Critical Phenomena in Fluids

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195119305
eISBN:
9780197561249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195119305.003.0004
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry


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