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The Book of Job in Medieval Jewish Philosophy

Robert Eisen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195171532
eISBN:
9780199785162
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171532.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This book analyzes the history of the interpretation of the book of Job by medieval Jewish exegetes. The scholarship on medieval Jewish thought has focused largely on the systematic philosophical ... More


Spinoza's Heresy: Immortality and the Jewish Mind

Steven Nadler

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247073
eISBN:
9780191598074
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247072.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This is a study of the reasons behind Spinoza's excommunication from the Portuguese–Jewish community of Amsterdam in 1656. The central question in the book is how and why did the issue of the ... More


Medieval Jewish Philosophy and the Exegesis of Job

Robert Eisen

in The Book of Job in Medieval Jewish Philosophy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195171532
eISBN:
9780199785162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171532.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This study examined six readings of Job spanning five centuries; they originate in geographical locations as far apart as Baghdad and Provence; they reflect a wide range of philosophical orientations ... More


Gersonides: Judaism within the Limits of Reason

Seymour Feldman

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113447
eISBN:
9781800340152
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113447.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Gersonides (1288–1344) was a philosopher as well as an astronomer and biblical exegete. This book is a comprehensive picture of Gersonides' philosophy that is both descriptive and evaluative. ... More


The Philosophers

Steven Nadler

in Spinoza's Heresy: Immortality and the Jewish Mind

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247073
eISBN:
9780191598074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247072.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Concerns the issue of immortality in two medieval Jewish philosophers: Maimonides and Gersonides. It is argued that both of these highly rationalistic philosophers are amenable to a reading according ... More


The Story of Creation

Seymour Feldman

in Gersonides: Judaism within the Limits of Reason

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113447
eISBN:
9781800340152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113447.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter is devoted to the single problem of the creation of the world. According to Gersonides, Maimonides' theory of creation was deficient because of its hasty scepticism about the ... More


Divine Omnipotence

Seymour Feldman

in Gersonides: Judaism within the Limits of Reason

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113447
eISBN:
9781800340152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113447.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter discusses the question, “Is Anything Impossible for the Lord?” It points out that the very first sentence of the Bible seems to give a definitive answer to the question: God created the ... More


Prophecy

Seymour Feldman

in Gersonides: Judaism within the Limits of Reason

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113447
eISBN:
9781800340152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113447.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter explains how prophets play an important role in Gersonides' theories of providence and miracles. As the recipient of the highest level of individual providence, the prophet receives ... More


The Torah

Seymour Feldman

in Gersonides: Judaism within the Limits of Reason

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113447
eISBN:
9781800340152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113447.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter explores why a divine revelation, in particular the Torah, was given if destiny is defined in terms of intellectual perfection and involves knowledge of the sciences and metaphysics. It ... More


Creatio ex Nihilo

Samuel Lebens

in The Principles of Judaism

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198843252
eISBN:
9780191879098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198843252.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter explores the medieval debate about the nature of creation. It compares and contrasts arguments of three major schools. The first school suggests that the universe had no start, and that ... More


Idealism ex Nihilo

Samuel Lebens

in The Principles of Judaism

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198843252
eISBN:
9780191879098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198843252.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter makes a radical claim: theism entails a robust form of idealism. The chapter then goes on to use that claim to make sense of a central tradition of Jewish mysticism—tzimtzum, or divine ... More


Philosophical Cosmology: The Nature of the Universe

T. M. Rudavsky

in Jewish Philosophy in the Middle Ages: Science, Rationalism, and Religion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780199580903
eISBN:
9780191862892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199580903.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Chapter 7 presents a more careful examination of the natural order, focusing upon both the natural world that comprises the “sublunar” sphere (viz., the space between the earth and the moon) and the ... More


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