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English: The “Irritation” of Nuance

John McWhorter

in Language Interrupted: Signs of Non-Native Acquisition in Standard Language Grammars

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195309805
eISBN:
9780199788378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309805.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter explores the difference between English and its sister languages. It shows that in the emergence of Modern English, simplification dominated complexification to a greater extent than in ... More


The possessor doubling constructions in the Germanic languages

Cynthia L. Allen

in Genitives in Early English: Typology and Evidence

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199216680
eISBN:
9780191711893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216680.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, English Language

This chapter looks at possessor doubling constructions, in which a form looking like a possessive pronoun is used, instead of an inflection, as a possessive marker, in various Germanic languages. ... More


Challenges of bound pronouns

Andrej A. Kibrik

in Reference in Discourse

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199215805
eISBN:
9780191728426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215805.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

Linguistics is traditionally biased towards free pronouns. However, as has been shown in Chapter 3, languages with bound pronouns are the most frequent type cross-linguistically. So understanding ... More


The C-System and the Extended Projection Principle

Ian G. Roberts

in Principles and Parameters in a VSO Language: A Case Study in Welsh

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168211
eISBN:
9780199788453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168211.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter deals with the nature and structure of the C-system in Welsh and Breton. The central question is whether the EPP holds at the C-level in these languages (since earlier chapters have ... More


Celtic, Roman, and Germanic background

D. Gary Miller

in External Influences on English: From its Beginnings to the Renaissance

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199654260
eISBN:
9780191742064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654260.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Lexicography

This chapter elaborates on the history of contact between the Germanic languages that made up Old English and the main languages in their environment from which words and other elements were ... More


Older Runic evidence for North‐West Germanic a‐umlaut of u (and ‘the converse of Polivanov's Law’)

Patrick Stiles

in Laws and Rules in Indo‐European

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199609925
eISBN:
9780191741579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609925.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The main structural effect of North-West-Germanic ‘a-umlaut’ — which involved shuffling the allophones of /i/, /e/ and /u/ depending on the following environment — was creation of the phoneme short ... More


The Comparative Method of Language Acquisition Research

Clifton Pye

in The Comparative Method of Language Acquisition Research

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226481289
eISBN:
9780226481319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226481319.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

This chapter discusses the comparative method of crosslinguistic research on language acquisition. It first considers the comparative method of historical linguistics, which focuses on reconstructing ... More


Old English and the Germanic languages

Coulter H. George

in How Dead Languages Work

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780198852827
eISBN:
9780191887116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198852827.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

First, an account of two main features that set all the Germanic languages off against the rest of the Indo-European family (Grimm’s Law, and the creation of a system of strong and weak verbs) gives ... More


The Syntax of Adjectives: A Comparative Study

Guglielmo Cinque

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014168
eISBN:
9780262289306
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014168.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography

This book offers cross-linguistic evidence that adjectives have two sources. Arguing against the standard view, and reconsidering his own earlier analysis, the author proposes that adjectives enter ... More


Introduction

Guglielmo Cinque

in The Syntax of Adjectives: A Comparative Study

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014168
eISBN:
9780262289306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014168.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the main themes covered in this book. Cinque proposed that the DP-internal word-order difference between Romance and Germanic should not be seen as ... More


Family Background

Jeffrey Shandler

in Yiddish: Biography of a Language

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190651961
eISBN:
9780190651992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190651961.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter examines the classification of Yiddish as a member of two different families of languages: Germanic languages and Jewish languages. Each of these language families is founded on a ... More


The Future of National Languages

Mari Yoshihara and Juliet Winters Carpenter

in The Fall of Language in the Age of English

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163026
eISBN:
9780231538541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163026.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter discusses the future of non-English national languages in a world that uses the English language as the “international” language. It argues that each nation will suffer tensions between ... More


Blame the Barbarians

Arika Okrent and Sean O’Neill

in Highly Irregular: Why Tough, Through, and Dough Don’t Rhyme—and Other Oddities of the English Language

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780197539408
eISBN:
9780197616017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197539408.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

This chapter tells the story of how English got to be the weird way it is, which begins with the Germanic languages and the barbarians who spoke them. During the 5th century, an assortment of them ... More


Problems for N Movement in Romance

Guglielmo Cinque

in The Syntax of Adjectives: A Comparative Study

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014168
eISBN:
9780262289306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014168.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography

This chapter discusses the apparent restriction on the number of postnominal adjectives in Romance, the existence of unexpected mirror-image orders between Germanic and Romance, and the existence of ... More


Mughal, Modern, and Postmodern Yogis

in Sinister Yogis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226895130
eISBN:
9780226895154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226895154.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

“Die, yogi, die! Dying is sweet, when you die the death by which the dying Gorakh had his vision.” This poem, written by a yogi (Gorakhnāth was the founder of the Nāth Yogīs) for the edification of ... More


Conclusion

Cynthia L. Allen

in Dative External Possessors in Early English

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198832263
eISBN:
9780191870927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198832263.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter summarizes the findings of the investigation and points to some avenues of future research. The dative external possessor was always a marked construction in English, used especially ... More


Dative External Possessors in Early English

Cynthia L. Allen

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198832263
eISBN:
9780191870927
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198832263.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This book presents the results of a corpus-based case study of diachronic English syntax. Present Day English is in a minority of European languages in not having a productive dative external ... More


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