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Anthropology in the Aftermath: Rassenkunde, Racial Hygiene, and the End of the Liberal Tradition

in Anthropology at War: World War I and the Science of Race in Germany

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226222677
eISBN:
9780226222691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226222691.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines anthropology in the aftermath of the conflict. The impact of the war continued to be felt long after 1918, not only through the hardships of difficult daily working conditions ... More


Introduction

in Anthropology at War: World War I and the Science of Race in Germany

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226222677
eISBN:
9780226222691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226222691.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

Anthropology was still in its youth as an established area of study when the war broke out in 1914. The discipline, which claimed to be pursuing the “science of man,” began to take formal ... More


A German Republic of Science and a German Idea of Truth: Empiricism and Sociability in Anthropology

in Anthropology and Antihumanism in Imperial Germany

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226983417
eISBN:
9780226983462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226983462.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

The German Anthropological Society and its local branches were not merely institutions in which anthropologists conducted their new science but also organizations realizing political goals that had ... More


Exotic Spectacles and the Global Context of German Anthropology

in Anthropology and Antihumanism in Imperial Germany

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226983417
eISBN:
9780226983462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226983462.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

In the years before World War I, the majority of encounters between German anthropologists and the people they studied occurred in Germany, in circuses, panopticons, and zoos. To dismiss science of ... More


The Secret of Primitive Accumulation: The Political Economy of Anthropological Objects

in Anthropology and Antihumanism in Imperial Germany

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226983417
eISBN:
9780226983462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226983462.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

The exchanges that made up colonialism—exchanges of gifts, exchanges of commodities, and even exchanges of fire—both supplied anthropologists with objects and began the process of stripping those ... More


Nature and the Boundaries of the Human: Monkeys, Monsters, and Natural Peoples

in Anthropology and Antihumanism in Imperial Germany

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226983417
eISBN:
9780226983462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226983462.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

The idea of nature and a natural science that informed German anthropology was based on elements from two conflicting approaches, conventionally associated with Immanuel Kant and Friedrich Schelling. ... More


Conclusion

in Anthropology and Antihumanism in Imperial Germany

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226983417
eISBN:
9780226983462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226983462.003.0012
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

Anthropology emerged in Germany as a modernist critique of traditional academic humanism in a moment of transformation marked by the rise of imperialism, mass culture, and natural science. Throughout ... More


Conclusion

in Anthropology at War: World War I and the Science of Race in Germany

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226222677
eISBN:
9780226222691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226222691.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

This chapter presents some final thoughts from the author. The 1920s saw the rise of Rassenkunde as the dominant paradigm—a virulently racist brand of anthropology based on the acceptance of völkisch ... More


Colonialism and the Limits of the Human: The Failure of Fieldwork

in Anthropology and Antihumanism in Imperial Germany

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226983417
eISBN:
9780226983462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226983462.003.0011
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

The first well-organized German anthropological field expedition, and one of the earliest such undertakings ever, was mounted in 1907–9 by the Royal Museum of Ethnology in cooperation with the German ... More


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