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The Pen as Sword: George Kennan and the Politics of Authorship in the Early Cold War

Hannah Gurman

in The Dissent Papers: The Voices of Diplomats in the Cold War and Beyond

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231158725
eISBN:
9780231530354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231158725.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter explores the politics of authorship in the State Department during the early Cold War. In 1924, Congress passed the Rogers Act, which transformed the State Department from an ... More


Japan: “The Father of Reverse-Course Policy”

Paul J. Heer

in Mr. X and the Pacific: George F. Kennan and American Policy in East Asia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781501711145
eISBN:
9781501711169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501711145.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter chronicles Kennan’s pivotal and successful role in redirecting US policy toward Japan during 1947-48. Kennan largely engineered the “reverse course” in US occupation policy away from a ... More


Legacies of Engagement with East Asia

Paul J. Heer

in Mr. X and the Pacific: George F. Kennan and American Policy in East Asia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781501711145
eISBN:
9781501711169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501711145.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This concluding chapter summarizes Kennan’s experience with East Asia and the legacies of his engagement with the region. It surveys his strategic approach to the Far East and highlights his ... More


Korea: “A Labyrinth of Ignorance and Error and Conjecture”

Paul J. Heer

in Mr. X and the Pacific: George F. Kennan and American Policy in East Asia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781501711145
eISBN:
9781501711169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501711145.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter chronicles and assesses Kennan’s role in policy deliberations following the outbreak of the Korean War. It examines the inconsistency between his support for US military intervention—on ... More


Ebb Tide: Acheson Takes the Helm

Paul J. Heer

in Mr. X and the Pacific: George F. Kennan and American Policy in East Asia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781501711145
eISBN:
9781501711169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501711145.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter outlines the “strategic concept” or vision for US policy in East Asia that Kennan formulated in 1948, which arguably originated the idea of a “defensive perimeter” or “offshore island” ... More


Prelude to the Korean War: Applying the “Strategic Concept” on the East Asian Periphery

Paul J. Heer

in Mr. X and the Pacific: George F. Kennan and American Policy in East Asia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781501711145
eISBN:
9781501711169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501711145.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses how Kennan attempted to apply his strategic vision along the periphery of East Asia, after having assessed that China and the rest of the mainland were strategically expendable ... More


Aftermath of Korea: The End of a Strategic Vision for East Asia

Paul J. Heer

in Mr. X and the Pacific: George F. Kennan and American Policy in East Asia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781501711145
eISBN:
9781501711169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501711145.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses how the impact of the Korean War undermined and ultimately destroyed Kennan’s strategic vision for US policy in East Asia. It led to the US militarization of Japan; US security ... More


Kent and Wheaton: The International Law of Christendom

Mark Weston Janis

in America and the Law of Nations 1776-1939

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579341
eISBN:
9780191722653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579341.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

This chapter reopens the early 19th-century treatises of James Kent and Henry Wheaton, the first Americans to systematically describe and analyze international law. It remarks on the importance that ... More


China: “Minimum Aid” and “Maximum Flexibility”

Paul J. Heer

in Mr. X and the Pacific: George F. Kennan and American Policy in East Asia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781501711145
eISBN:
9781501711169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501711145.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter chronicles Kennan’s and Davies’s central and successful role in formulating US policy toward China on behalf of Secretary of State Marshall during 1947-49. Their focus was on justifying ... More


Encounters with East Asia: Inheritance of a Strategic Perspective

Paul J. Heer

in Mr. X and the Pacific: George F. Kennan and American Policy in East Asia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781501711145
eISBN:
9781501711169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501711145.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter traces the primary sources of Kennan’s strategic perspective on East Asia: fellow diplomats John Van Antwerp MacMurray and John Paton Davies, Jr. From MacMurray’s writings Kennan ... More


A Letter to George Kennan

Isaiah Berlin

in Liberty

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249893
eISBN:
9780191598807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924989X.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This item of 1951 gives insight into the development of Berlin’s thinking about liberty and related themes. He identified the crucial importance of ‘the Kantian morality’ for his purposes, and ... More


Revisiting America with Irony

Richard Crouter

in Reinhold Niebuhr: On Politics, Religion, and Christian Faith

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195379679
eISBN:
9780199869169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379679.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Chapter 5 analyzes The Irony of American History (1952) re-introduced by Andrew J. Bacevich in 2008, the book that stands at the center of the Niebuhr revival. Hardly just a political tract, the ... More


Vietnam: “My Piece Has Been Spoken”

Paul J. Heer

in Mr. X and the Pacific: George F. Kennan and American Policy in East Asia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781501711145
eISBN:
9781501711169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501711145.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter chronicles Kennan’s emergence as a public critic of US involvement in the Vietnam War fifteen years after he had warned against a US military commitment in Indochina. This episode echoed ... More


Mr. X and the Pacific: George F. Kennan and American Policy in East Asia

Paul J. Heer

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781501711145
eISBN:
9781501711169
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501711145.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This book chronicles and assesses the little-known involvement of US diplomat George F. Kennan—renowned as an expert on the Soviet Union—in US policy toward East Asia, primarily in the early Cold War ... More


A Strategic Vision Interrupted

Paul J. Heer

in Mr. X and the Pacific: George F. Kennan and American Policy in East Asia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781501711145
eISBN:
9781501711169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501711145.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter briefly introduces the key themes of the book: Kennan’s little-known involvement with and impact on US policy towards East Asia, his formulation of a strategic vision for the region, the ... More


Pursuing Hegemony

William O. Walker III

in The Rise and Decline of the American Century

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501726132
eISBN:
9781501726149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501726132.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter describes how the United States forged the American Century while pursuing hegemony from 1945 through 1949. More than consultation with friends and allies was necessary after the onset ... More


The Life After: From Internal Dissenter to Public Prophet

Hannah Gurman

in The Dissent Papers: The Voices of Diplomats in the Cold War and Beyond

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231158725
eISBN:
9780231530354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231158725.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This concluding chapter first claims the semblance between the prophetic tradition and the dissenting tradition of the U.S. diplomatic establishment. The power of the prophecy is at least partly ... More


American Visions and Émigré Realities: The American Project to Unify the Russian Exiles

Benjamin Tromly

in Cold War Exiles and the CIA: Plotting to Free Russia

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198840404
eISBN:
9780191875984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198840404.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Political History

Chapter 4 addresses the origins of the CIA project to create a Russian political center abroad. The chapter argues that transnational flows of ideas and historical memories were important for a major ... More


The social and political construction of the Cold War

Tracy B. Strong

in American Foreign Policy: Studies in Intellectual History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781526116505
eISBN:
9781526128515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526116505.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In this chapter, the political theorist Tracy B. Strong revisits intellectual debates over the origins of the Cold War. Strong sketches out the political and conceptual dimensions of the main ... More


Introduction

Alessandro Brogi

in Confronting America: The Cold War between the United States and the Communists in France and Italy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834732
eISBN:
9781469602950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807877746_brogi.5
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This book begins by presenting the vision of America shared by Palmiro Togliatti and George F. Kennan during the onset of the Cold War. The leader of the fastest-growing Communist Party in the West ... More


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