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A Host of Nations: Cosmopolitanism and the Geological Society of China

Grace Yen Shen

in Unearthing the Nation: Modern Geology and Nationalism in Republican China

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226090405
eISBN:
9780226090542
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226090542.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Despite successes in building local geological institutions and fostering native research, Chinese geologists still could not reach an international audience or stem the tide of foreign exploration ... More


“An Independent Publication for Geologists”: The Geological Society, Commercial Journals, and the Remaking of Nineteenth-Century Geology

Gowan Dawson

in Science Periodicals in Nineteenth-Century Britain: Constructing Scientific Communities

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226676517
eISBN:
9780226683461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226683461.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Geological Society of London’s elitism ensured that it remained at odds with commercial journals that sought to foster different, more marketable approaches to the earth sciences. The financial ... More


Geological Mapping and the Geographies of Proprietorship in Nineteenth-Century Cornwall

Simon Naylor (ed.)

in Geographies of Nineteenth-Century Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226487267
eISBN:
9780226487298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226487298.003.0014
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explains how the cartographic enterprise can be read as a “form of territorial acquisition” on the part of mapping geologists, focusing the mapping of geology of Cornwall, England. It ... More


Maps and Legends

Adelene Buckland

in Novel Science: Fiction and the Invention of Nineteenth-Century Geology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226079684
eISBN:
9780226923635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923635.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

The geological map was a form that could offer critical information on the structure of the land, such as the presence of coal, minerals, and building materials from deep within the earth's crust. In ... More


Formations

Adelene Buckland

in Novel Science: Fiction and the Invention of Nineteenth-Century Geology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226079684
eISBN:
9780226923635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923635.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

During the nineteenth-century, the public imagination was captured by the study of the ancient earth—an imagination that was fueled even more with the discovery of dinosaur fossils. This heralded a ... More


Darwin’s Audacity, Lyell’s Choreography

Alistair Sponsel

in Darwin's Evolving Identity: Adventure, Ambition, and the Sin of Speculation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226523118
eISBN:
9780226523255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226523255.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter reveals the dazzling strategy underlying the content and presentation of Darwin’s 1837 Geological Society paper on the formation of coral reefs. While the paper might appear in ... More


Losing the Plot

Adelene Buckland

in Novel Science: Fiction and the Invention of Nineteenth-Century Geology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226079684
eISBN:
9780226923635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923635.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter explains the discoveries and the stories that this book has sought to explore. The story of the “heroic age of geology” has been examined, focusing on the variety of methodological and ... More


Optical Devices and Social Networks: 1804–1809

Melvyn C. Usselman

in Pure Intelligence: The Life of William Hyde Wollaston

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226245737
eISBN:
9780226245874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226245874.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter describes how W. H. Wollaston’s expertise in linear optics led him to design and patent in 1804 meniscus lenses for improved eye glasses which he called periscopic spectacles. He also ... More


Lizards and Literalists

in The Earth on Show: Fossils and the Poetics of Popular Science, 1802-1856

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226616681
eISBN:
9780226616704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226616704.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter considers the increasing freedom with which British writers on earth history exploited the spectacular potential of fossils to stage the world before man. The first part charts this ... More


Hard Work, Occasional Unwellness, Discovering the Theory of Natural Selection, and Marriage

Ralph Colp Jr. M.D.

in Darwin's Illness

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032313
eISBN:
9780813039237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032313.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter starts when after his travels ended Charles Darwin took lodgings in Great Marlborough Street in London, and in the next twenty months, he became “engaged” in writing Journal of ... More


Geologists Unite Against Heresy

James Lawrence Powell

in Four Revolutions in the Earth Sciences: From Heresy to Truth

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164481
eISBN:
9780231538459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164481.003.0012
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter focuses on geologists who united against the idea of continental drift, first brought up by Alfred Wegener, and declared it a heresy. According to Robert Newman, “In the crucial ... More


The Question of Timing

John Chambers and Jacqueline Mitton

in From Dust to Life: The Origin and Evolution of Our Solar System

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175706
eISBN:
9781400885565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175706.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter demonstrates how American geochemist Clair C. Patterson found out about the Earth's true age. Announcing his discovery at a meeting of the Geological Society of America, Patterson told ... More


Hawikku: Welcome to the Anthropocene

William deBuys

in A Great Aridness: Climate Change and the Future of the American Southwest

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199778928
eISBN:
9780197563144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199778928.003.0016
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

History commenced for a large portion of North America on July 7, 1540. One may quibble over the dimension of territory affected, but the date is certain: it was duly written down, which is what ... More


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