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Taliesin and Geoffrey of Monmouth's astrological portents

Mark Williams

in Fiery Shapes: Celestial Portents and Astrology in Ireland and Wales 700–1700

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199571840
eISBN:
9780191594434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571840.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature, Mythology and Folklore

This chapter moves to medieval Wales and examines the first appearances of the ideal of prophecy from the heavens in Welsh literature. It demonstrates that some of the perhaps 11th or 12th century ... More


‘Ripping up ancestries’: The Use of Myth in A View of the Present State of Ireland

Andrew Hadfield

in Edmund Spenser's Irish Experience: Wilde Fruit and Salvage Soyl

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198183457
eISBN:
9780191674044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198183457.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter discusses how A View of the Present State of Ireland relies upon the Arthurian legends and the matter of Britain, principally, through the use of Geoffrey of Monmouth. Having been ... More


The Discovery of Merlin

Anne Lawrence-Mathers

in The True History of Merlin the Magician

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300144895
eISBN:
9780300189292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300144895.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter explores the origins of Merlin the Magician and shows that he was a creation of the twelfth century. The medieval Merlin was not a figure of legend but an apparently documented, ... More


Saints, Kings, and Princes: Welsh Pasts in an Age of Conquest, c.1070–1282

Huw Pryce

in Writing Welsh History: From the Early Middle Ages to the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
April 2022
ISBN:
9780198746034
eISBN:
9780191808739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198746034.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines the increasing quantity and variety of Welsh history writing produced between the late eleventh and late thirteenth centuries. Much of this responded to political changes, both ... More


The True History of Merlin the Magician

Anne Lawrence-Mathers

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300144895
eISBN:
9780300189292
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300144895.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

Merlin the Magician has remained an enthralling and curious individual since he was first introduced in the twelfth century though the pages of Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae. But ... More


Merlin: Magic, Miracles, and Marvels

Karen Sullivan

in The Danger of Romance: Truth, Fantasy, and Arthurian Fictions

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226540122
eISBN:
9780226540436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226540436.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

In the twelfth and early thirteenth centuries, medieval thinkers disagreed about what they called “marvels,” that is, phenomena in the natural world that cannot be understood according to the laws of ... More


Patronage and power

Susan M. Johns

in Noblewomen, Aristocracy and Power in the Twelfth-Century Anglo-Norman Realm

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719063046
eISBN:
9781781700280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719063046.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter describes women's participation in spiritual relationships with churchmen. The role of twelfth-century secular noblewomen in procuring, commissioning and selecting literature is ... More


Introduction

Sarah Rees Jones

in York: The Making of a City 1068-1350

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780198201946
eISBN:
9780191746338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201946.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter provides a chronological introduction to the history of York, concentrating on the period before 1068. It surveys both medieval histories of the origins of the city such as those ... More


Dares Compiled: From Ancient History to Medieval Genealogy

Frederic Clark

in The First Pagan Historian: The Fortunes of a Fraud from Antiquity to the Enlightenment

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780190492304
eISBN:
9780190492328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190492304.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Chapter 2 surveys the transmission and reception of the Destruction of Troy in the Middle Ages, from the earliest attestations of the text in Carolingian Francia to the height of its popularity in ... More


Origins and Introductions: Troy and Rome in Medieval British and Irish Writing

Helen Fulton

in Celts, Romans, Britons: Classical and Celtic Influence in the Construction of British Identities

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198863076
eISBN:
9780191895609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198863076.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, British and Irish History: BCE to 500CE

The chapter compares different uses of the legend of Troy as a ‘Trojan preface’ to historical and literary texts in medieval England, Wales, and Ireland. Typically used to introduce narratives of ... More


‘Our Ancestors the Ancient Britons’, 1540–1620

Huw Pryce

in Writing Welsh History: From the Early Middle Ages to the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
April 2022
ISBN:
9780198746034
eISBN:
9780191808739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198746034.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter explores the defence and reaffirmation of ancient British origins and their refashioning as instruments for legitimizing both religious and dynastic change in the sixteenth and early ... More


The Wild Man 2: The Uncourtly Other

DOROTHY YAMAMOTO

in The Boundaries of the Human in Medieval English Literature

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198186748
eISBN:
9780191718564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198186748.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter explores two apparent opposites, wild man and knight. Neither term is stable, as each draws upon the other to confirm its own identity. As the two sides skirmish, the boundary between ... More


Historiography and Biography from the Period of Gildas to Gerald of Wales

Cam Grey

in The Oxford History of Classical Reception in English Literature: Volume 1: 800–1558

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199587230
eISBN:
9780191820410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587230.003.0016
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

The medieval reception of classical historiography is a story of negotiation: between 'secular' and 'sacred' subject matter; between 'cyclic' and 'salvific' notions of temporality; between the ... More


The Plantagenet Court and the World of King Arthur

Jean Flori and Olive Classe

in Eleanor of Aquitaine: Queen and Rebel

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748622955
eISBN:
9780748651382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Discontinued
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748622955.003.0015
Subject:
History, Economic History

The extraordinary success enjoyed by Arthurian romance in Plantagenet domains has led most historians and specialists in twelfth-century literature to see it as part of a propaganda exercise ... More


The Devil Inside: Merlin and the Dark Side of Romance

Francis Gingras

in Shaping Identity in Medieval French Literature: The Other Within

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813056432
eISBN:
9780813058238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056432.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter argues that the founding of the Arthurian world rests on otherness thanks to the role of Merlin, a character simultaneously good and bad. Examining works spanning the centuries from ... More


Inventing Magna Carta

Jennifer Jahner

in Literature and Law in the Era of Magna Carta

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198847724
eISBN:
9780191882401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198847724.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

Having begun as a short-lived peace treaty in 1215, Magna Carta grew to acquire a quasi-sacral status over the course of the thirteenth century. This chapter traces the development of the “Great ... More


John Higgins’s First Part of the Mirror for Magistrates (1574–5)

Harriet Archer

in Unperfect Histories: The Mirror for Magistrates, 1559-1610

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198806172
eISBN:
9780191844041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198806172.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

Chapter 2 introduces John Higgins’s first contribution to the corpus, and considers the ways in which his Mirror prequel works with Baldwin’s interest in textual transmission to retell the story of ... More


Curating the Past in a Conquered Land, 1282–1540

Huw Pryce

in Writing Welsh History: From the Early Middle Ages to the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
April 2022
ISBN:
9780198746034
eISBN:
9780191808739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198746034.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter assesses the significance of the unprecedented growth in Welsh historical writing, mostly in the Welsh language, in the period from the Edwardian conquest of Wales to the Reformation and ... More


The Wild Man 1: Figuring Identity

DOROTHY YAMAMOTO

in The Boundaries of the Human in Medieval English Literature

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198186748
eISBN:
9780191718564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198186748.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

Poised between two worlds, liminal between the known and the unknown, the figure of the wild man brings to a head questions about the dividing line between animals and humans. The Giant Herdsman in ... More


The Avenging Daughter in King Lear

Marguerite A. Tassi

in Revenge and Gender in Classical, Medieval and Renaissance Literature

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474414098
eISBN:
9781474449502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474414098.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter addresses the scarcity of avenging daughters in early modern texts, arguing that Shakespeare’s Cordelia in King Lear provides an exception to this paradigm. In scripting such an ... More


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