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Conception Andperception: E. P. Mason and Sir John F. W. Herschel

Omar W. Nasim

in Observing By Hand: Sketching the Nebulae in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226084374
eISBN:
9780226084404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226084404.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

With a detailed study of the procedures of the young American astronomer, E. P. Mason (in part 1) and the celebrated English scientist, Sir John F. W. Herschel (in part 2), chapter 3 is focused on ... More


Aiming Guns, Recording Land, and Stitching Map to Territory: The Invention of Cartographic Grid Systems, 1914–1939

William Rankin

in After the Map: Cartography, Navigation, and the Transformation of Territory in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226339368
eISBN:
9780226339535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226339535.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Artillery in World War I was guided by the new cartographic technology of “map firing,” which required a rectangular mesh of evenly-spaced lines to be drawn on the maps used in the trenches. These ... More


Drift Mechanisms in the 1920s

Naomi Oreskes

in The Rejection of Continental Drift: Theory and Method in American Earth Science

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195117325
eISBN:
9780197561188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195117325.003.0010
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geology and the Lithosphere

The final chapter of the third edition of The Origin of Continents and Oceans was devoted to the dynamic causes of drift, and Wegener’s tone in these final fifteen pages was decidedly more ... More


Uniformitarianism and Unity

Naomi Oreskes

in The Rejection of Continental Drift: Theory and Method in American Earth Science

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195117325
eISBN:
9780197561188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195117325.003.0014
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geology and the Lithosphere

William Bowie settled on a theoretical position that accounted for isostasy and the jigsaw-puzzle fit of the continents but ignored the facts of historical geology. And yet, as we have seen, he ... More


Direct and Indirect Evidence

Naomi Oreskes

in The Rejection of Continental Drift: Theory and Method in American Earth Science

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195117325
eISBN:
9780197561188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195117325.003.0016
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geology and the Lithosphere

At the California Institute of Technology in the mid-1940s, a young Henry William Menard—later an expert on submarine physiography and director of the U.S. Geological Survey—learned about ... More


The Collapse of Thermal Contraction

Naomi Oreskes

in The Rejection of Continental Drift: Theory and Method in American Earth Science

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195117325
eISBN:
9780197561188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195117325.003.0008
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geology and the Lithosphere

In 1901, Karl Zittel, president of the Bavarian Royal Academy of Sciences, declared that “Suess has secured almost general recognition for the contraction theory” of mountain-building. This was ... More


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